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commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,363 results
ls -ld **/*(/)
ls -ld *(/)
git commit --amend
2009-02-27 04:42:44
Tags: git

It's pretty common to forgot to commit a files, be it a modification, or a brand new file.

If you did forget something, git add the files you want, and then git commit --amend. It will essentially redo the last commit, with the changes you just added. It seeds the commit message with the last commit message by default.

You probably shouldn't do this if you've already pushed the commit.

alias trash="rm -fr ~/.local/share/Trash"
2009-02-27 01:55:30
Functions: alias

Force empties the user trash

dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg
git rm $(git ls-files --deleted)
2009-02-26 21:21:02
Functions: rm
Tags: git

This command handles git rm'ing files that you've deleted.

$ cat /etc/*-release
ls -l | grep ^d
2009-02-26 20:28:10
User: sysadmn
Functions: grep ls

Show only the subdirectories in the current directory. In the example above, /lib has 135 files and directories. With this command, the 9 dirs jump out.

sort -nt . -k 1,1 -k 2,2 -k 3,3 -k 4,4
2009-02-26 20:22:57
User: sysadmn
Functions: sort

Sort a list of IPV4 addresses in numerical order. Great as a filter, or within vim using !}

git diff --cached
sort -bdf
2009-02-26 19:55:41
User: sysadmn
Functions: sort

Often, when sorting you want the sort to ignore extraneous characters. The b, d, and f tell sort to ignore leading blanks, use 'dictionary order' (ignore punctuation), and ignore (fold) case. Add a "u" if you only want one copy of duplicate lines.

This is a great command to use within vim to sort lines of text, using !}sort -bdf

perl -pi -e's/<what to find>/<what to replace it with>/g' `grep -Rl <what to find> /<dir>/*`
2009-02-26 19:14:39
User: adampbell
Functions: perl

Finds the string in every file in an entire directory and all its subdirectories and replaces it with a new string. Especially useful when changing a machine's IP address or hostname - run it on /etc.

time vmware-cmd -l | while read x; do printf "$x"; vmware-cmd "$x" removesnapshots; done
2009-02-26 18:51:29
User: jcgam69
Functions: printf read time

Old snapshots can cause problems. It's best to remove them when finished. I use this script to remove all snapshots. The "while read" command is necessary because my vm names contain spaces. The "time" command reports how long the process runs.

for vm in $(vmware-cmd -l);do echo -n "${vm} ";vmware-cmd ${vm} getstate|awk '{print $2 " " $3}';done
2009-02-26 16:45:04
User: dbart
Functions: echo

I use this command on my machines running VMware Server to print out the state of all registered Virtual machines.

rpm -qa | grep PACKAGENAME | xargs rpm -q --filesbypkg
2009-02-26 14:32:12
User: piscue
Functions: grep rpm xargs

rpm, sometimes, is not wildcard friendly. To search files installed from package this could be useful.

change PACKAGENAME to any package do you want to search

ssh -MNf <user>@<host>
2009-02-26 14:11:19
User: raphink
Functions: ssh

Create a persistent SSH connection to the host in the background. Combine this with settings in your ~/.ssh/config:

Host host

ControlPath ~/.ssh/master-%r@%h:%p

ControlMaster no

All the SSH connections to the machine will then go through the persisten SSH socket. This is very useful if you are using SSH to synchronize files (using rsync/sftp/cvs/svn) on a regular basis because it won't create a new socket each time to open an ssh connection.

mount -t proc{,,}
2009-02-26 12:53:58
User: alexfoo
Functions: mount

Run this in / in a chroot to get your own proc there.

2009-02-26 12:52:45
User: alexfoo

Might match "ping" and then run it.

sudo ufw allow proto tcp from to any port 80
ls -t1 | head -n1
cat /etc/*-release
2009-02-26 08:22:01
User: sudopeople
Functions: cat

Works for most distributions, tested on Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, Gentoo, SUSE, RedHat.

Debian and Slackware:

cat /etc/*version
fold -s <filename>
2009-02-26 05:06:51
User: neutral
Functions: fold

fold wraps text at 80 characters wide, and with the -s flag, only causes wrapping to occur between words rather than through them.

:mksession! <filename>
2009-02-26 05:03:07
User: neutral
Tags: vim

Creates a full snapshot of your current vim session, including tabs, open buffers, cursor positions, everything. Can be resumed with vim -S . Useful for those times when you HAVE to close vim, but you don't want to lose all your hard-opened buffers and windows. The ! will cause vim to overwrite the file if it already exists. It is not necessary, but useful if you frequently save to the same file (like session.vim or something).

for f in $(ls -d /base/*); do ln -s $f /target; done && ls -al /target
2009-02-26 04:48:19
Functions: ln ls

Symlinks all files in the base directory to the target directory then lists all of the created symlinks.

alias wordpress='mkdir wordpress && cd wordpress && wget http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz && tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz && mv wordpress/* . && rm -rf latest.tar.gz wordpress && cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php'