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commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,363 results
mogrify -resize 800\> *
echo Print text vertically|sed 's/\(.\)/\1\n/g'
grep -r --exclude-dir=.svn PATTERN PATH
2009-03-04 23:21:50
User: patko
Functions: grep
Tags: svn

exclude-dir option requires grep 2.5.3

stty -echo; ssh -t HOSTNAME "sudo some_command"; stty echo
2009-03-04 19:44:36
User: jmcantrell
Functions: ssh stty
Tags: ssh sudo

The ssh command alone will execute the sudo command remotely, but the password will be visible in the terminal as you type it. The two stty commands disable the terminal from echoing the password back to you, which makes the remote sudo act as it does locally.

find . -type f -print0 | xargs -r0 stat -c %Y\ %n | sort -rn | gawk '{sub(/.\//,"",$2); print $2}' > /tmp/playlist.m3u
2009-03-04 16:41:02
User: microft
Functions: find gawk sort stat xargs

I use this to generate a playlist with all the podcasts I listen to.

Ordered from most recent to older.

du | sort -n | tail -11 | head
2009-03-04 16:06:34
User: phage
Functions: du sort tail

The pipe to head removes the listing of . as the largest directory.

somecommand 2>&1 >> logfile | tee -a logfile
2009-03-04 15:15:05
User: operon
Functions: tee

Useful for cron jobs -- all output will be logged but only errors will cause email to be sent. NB the order of "2>&1" and ">> logfile" is important, it doesn't work if you reverse them (everything goes to the logfile, nothing left for tee).

find . -type d -name DIR -print0 | xargs -r0 rm -r
2009-03-04 14:49:21
User: miguelbaldi
Functions: find rm xargs
Tags: svn cvs

You can use this command to delete CVS/svn folders on given project.

find . -type f | wc -l
wget -c -v -S -T 100 --tries=0 `curl -s http://ms1.espectador.com/ podcast/espectador/la_venganza_sera_terrible.xml | grep -v xml | grep link | sed 's/]*>//g'`
2009-03-04 13:12:28
User: fmdlc
Functions: grep link sed wget

This download a complete audio podcast

logs=$(find . -name *.log);for log in $logs; do cat /dev/null > $log;done
2009-03-04 10:05:48
Functions: cat find

This find files of name like *.log and truncates them.

killall -USR1 dd
2009-03-04 08:30:20
User: vint
Functions: killall
Tags: dd

if you need see progress of long dd command, enter subj on other console

mencoder -vf rotate=1 -ovc lavc -oac copy "$1" -o "$1"-rot.avi
mencoder "$1" -ofps 23.976 -ovc lavc -oac copy -o "$1".avi
vi -R filename
2009-03-04 06:56:40
User: haivu
Functions: vi
Tags: vim

The -R flag prevents you from making changes to a file, useful when you only want to view the file. This command is nicer than the 'more' or 'less' commands because for source codes, vi shows syntax highlight.

cal | grep --before-context 6 --after-context 6 --color -e " $(date +%e)" -e "^$(date +%e)"
2009-03-04 06:46:52
User: haivu
Functions: cal grep
Tags: PIM


* The date command evaluated to today's date with blank padded on the left if single digit

* The grep command search and highlight today's date

* The --before-context and --after-context flags displays up to 6 lines before and after the line containing today's date; thus completes the calendar.

I have tested this command on Mac OS X Leopard and Xubuntu 8.10

ping -i 60 -a IP_address
2009-03-04 06:21:22
User: haivu
Functions: ping
Tags: Network

Waiting for your server to finish rebooting? Issue the command above and you will hear a beep when it comes online. The -i 60 flag tells ping to wait for 60 seconds between ping, putting less strain on your system. Vary it to your need. The -a flag tells ping to include an audible bell in the output when a package is received (that is, when your server comes online).

ping -c 10 hostname
2009-03-04 06:14:52
User: haivu
Functions: ping
Tags: Network

On Linux and Mac systems (I have not tested with other Unix systems), the ping command will keep on pinging until the user interrupts it with Ctrl+C. On Windows system, ping will execute for a number of times then quit. The -c flag on Linux and Mac will make this happen

ssh -t reachable_host ssh unreachable_host
2009-03-03 23:21:36
User: patko
Functions: ssh
Tags: ssh

Unreachable_host is unavailable from local network, but it's available from reachable_host's network. This command creates a connection to unreachable_host through "hidden" connection to reachable_host.

LC_ALL=fr_FR luit ssh [email protected]_machine_ip
jhead -autorot *.jpg
watch -n 5 -d cat /proc/mdstat
$ grep -rl oldstring . |xargs sed -i -e 's/oldstring/newstring/'
2009-03-03 20:10:19
User: netfortius
Functions: grep sed
Tags: perl sed

recursively traverse the directory structure from . down, look for string "oldstring" in all files, and replace it with "newstring", wherever found


grep -rl oldstring . |xargs perl -pi~ -e 's/oldstring/newstring'
xset dpms force standby
urpmf lib/blah
2009-03-03 16:21:52
User: ender_x
Tags: mandriva urpmi

Look for an rpm that supplies a specific file that you don't yet have installed.

extremely useful when you need something and don't know where it is.. or what its called.

note: uses grep like syntax.