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2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.




All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 11,618 results
yum erase `yum list installed | grep 'php'`
2009-04-13 12:58:16
Functions: grep

This is useful for remove all packages that are part of a common suite.

i=10;for o in *.mp3; do i=$(printf "%02d" $i); mv $o $i$o; ((i = $i + 2)); done
2009-04-13 12:33:52
User: bazzawill
Functions: mv printf

This command adds the numbers 10, 12, 14 to a bunch of mp3's in the current working directory. You can then run the command replacing the inital i=10 with i=11 to add 11,13,15 in another directory then mv the files together and the first files interweave with the second group of files. I used this to weave a backlog of a podcast with other podcast so I didn't get sick of one while I was catching up. I started at 10 because printf blows up with 0 padded numbers 08 and 09 which kind of makes the printf command redundant as it was used to pad numbers 1 - 9 so they would come first and not get sorted incorrectly

alias lg='ls --color=always | grep --color=always -i'
2009-04-11 23:15:12
User: kFiddle
Functions: alias grep
Tags: ls alias color grep

This is a simple command, but extremely useful. It's a quick way to search the file names in the current directory for a substring. Normally people use "ls *term*" but that requires the stars and is not case insensitive. Color (for both ls and grep) is an added bonus.

function v { if [ -z $1 ]; then vim; else vim *$1*; fi }
2009-04-11 23:06:43
User: kFiddle
Functions: vim
Tags: vim vi function

Reduce the number of keystrokes it takes to open a file in vim. First of all, you just need to type "v", which is less than half the number of characters (!), and second-of-all, you only need to enter a substring of the file you want to open. For example, if you want to open the file, homework.txt, then type "v hom" to open it. Good tip is to use the lowest unique substring, otherwise you'll open multiple files in different buffers (which is sometimes desirable). Use Ctrl-^ to switch between buffers.

date -d@1234567890
2009-04-11 22:26:41
User: kFiddle
Functions: date
Tags: date

This example, for example, produces the output, "Fri Feb 13 15:26:30 EST 2009"

find -writable
2009-04-11 22:16:35
User: kFiddle
Functions: find

Have a grudge against someone on your network? Do a "find -writable" in their directory and see what you can vandalize! But seriously, this is really useful to check the files in your own home directory to make sure they can't inadvertently be changed by someone else's wayward script.

info --vi-keys
2009-04-11 22:10:08
User: kFiddle
Functions: info

Info has some of the worst keybindings I've ever seen. Being a vim user, I attribute that to emacs influence. Use the --vi-keys option to use some of the vi keybindings, although this won't change all the keybindings. Use the "infokey" program to have more control over info keybindings.

2009-04-11 22:05:12
User: kFiddle
Tags: less regex

Although less behaves more or less like vim in certain aspects, the vim regex for word boundaries (\< and \>) do not work in less. Instead, use \b to denote a word boundary. Therefore, if you want to search for, say, the word "exit", but do not want to search for exiting, exits, etc., then surround "exit" with \b. This is useful if you need to search for specific occurrences of a keyword or command. \b can also be used at just the beginning and end, if needed.

sudo killall -9 pulseaudio; pulseaudio >/dev/null 2>&1 &
2009-04-11 20:18:35
User: hank
Functions: killall sudo

Ever since the switch to pulseaudio, Ubuntu users including myself have found themselves with no sound intermittently. To fix this, just use this command and restarts firefox or mplayer or whatever.

find ~ -mtime +365 -exec mv {} /tmp/mybackup \;
2009-04-11 12:16:48
User: kayowas
Functions: find mv

This example uses the -exec option to move all matching files into a backup directory

$ perl -pi -e 's/\r\n/\n/g' <finelame>
2009-04-10 22:22:31
Functions: perl
Tags: perl dos2unix

Converts windows lined-style file to unix.

see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newline

Can be used to convert from linux2dos : just invert \r\n and \n.

svn status | grep '^?' | awk '{ print $2; }' | xargs svn add
2009-04-10 21:55:37
Functions: awk grep xargs
Tags: svn awk xargs

Lists the local files that are not present in the remote repository (lines beginning with ?)

and add them.

tar -czvvf backup$(date "+%Y%m%d_%H%M%S").tar.gz /path/to/dir
2009-04-10 21:37:17
Functions: date tar

creates a tar.gz with a name like:


of a given directory.

this file was made 10 April 2009 at 5:30:53pm

see date's man page to customize the timestamp format

identify -verbose *.jpg|grep "\(Image:\|Resolution\)"
curl dict://dict.org/d:something
2009-04-10 18:12:37
Tags: curl

A bash function might also be useful:

dict() { curl dict://dict.org/d:$1; }

Or if you want less verbose output:

dict() { curl -s dict://dict.org/d:$1 | perl -ne 's/\r//; last if /^\.$/; print if /^151/../^250/'; }
#!/bin/sh #du.sh i=`hostname -i` df -h > /tmp/space.txt echo "server $i " >> /tmp/space.txt uuencode /tmp/space.txt space.txt | mail -s "HDD usage $i" email@email.com
#!/bin/sh for dir in `ls -A | grep -v .sh`; do chown -R $dir:$dir $dir done
function jumpTo { xmms2 jump `xmms2 list | grep -i '$1' | head -n 1 | tail -n 1 | sed -re 's@.+\[(.+)/.+\] (.+)@\1@'`; }
2009-04-10 13:43:57
User: pyrho
Functions: grep head sed tail
Tags: xmms2


Declare this function in your Shell, then use it like this:

> jumpTo foo

The script will search for the 'foo' pattern in your current xmms2 playlist (artist or songname), and play the first occurence of it !

disown -a && exit
for f in * ; do mv -- "$f" "${f/[0-9][0-9] \- /}" ; done
2009-04-10 11:06:13
Functions: mv

I have often file like this

01 - file.file

02 - file.file

03 - file.file

I rename all with this command

for f in * ; do mv -- "$f" "${f/[0-9][0-9] \- /}" ; done

then it looks like this





mtr --report --report-cycles 10 www.google.com > google_net_report.txt
2009-04-10 07:57:44
User: CafeNinja
Tags: Network

The report mode of mtr produces a text formated result of the mtr run using the number of ping cycles stated by the command. This text file could then be attached to an email with ease.

I use this also without the ">" portion when writing email from within mutt using VI from the command mode with ":r !mtr --report --report-cycles 10

svn info | grep '^URL:' | egrep -o '(tags|branches)/[^/]+|trunk' | egrep -o '[^/]+$'
2009-04-09 20:08:45
User: isaacs
Functions: egrep grep info
Tags: svn grep

Get the svn info, grep for the "URL" of the repository, pull out the tag/branch/trunk, and then just show the helpful/meaningful bit.

sudo update-alternatives --config editor
2009-04-09 18:26:52
User: mheadd
Functions: sudo

On Ubuntu, the default editor for visudo is nano. To change the editor to something else (e.g., vi) use this command.

grep -r "mystring" . |uniq | cut -d: -f1 | xargs sed -i "s/mystring//"
2009-04-09 12:49:01
Functions: cut grep sed uniq xargs

Linux : these script enable you to edit multiple files and remove exact phrase from multiple files

kill %1