commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.
You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.
First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.
Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
This is an on-line algorithm for calculating the mean value for numbers in a column. Also known as "running average" or "moving average".
This converts any media ffmpeg handles to flash. It would actually convert anything to anything, it's based on the file extension. It doesn't do ANY quality control, sizing, etc, it just does what it thinks is best. I needed an flv for testing, and this spits one out easily.
I have a remote php file that I want to run once an hour. I set up cron to run this wget. I don't really care about what's in the file though, I don't want to save the results, so I run the -O and send it to /dev/null
EDIT: Trolling crap removed ;)
takes approx 6 secs on a Core 2 Duo @ 2GHz, and 15 secs on atom based netbooks!
uses monoid (a,b).(x,y)=(ax+bx+ay,ax+by) with identity (0,1), and recursion relations:
F(2n-1)=Fn*Fn+F(n-1)*F(n-1)
F(2n)=(Fn+2*F(n-1))*Fn
then apply fast exponentiation to (1,0)^n = (Fn,F(n-1))
.
Note that: (1,0)^-1=(1,-1) so (a,b).(1,0) = (a+b,a) and (a,b)/(1,0)=(a,b).(1,0)^-1=(b,a-b)
So we can also use a NAF representation to do the exponentiation,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-adjacent_form , it's also very fast (about the same, depends on n):
time echo 'n=1000000;m=(n+1)/2;a=0;b=1;i=0;while(m>0){z=0;if(m%2)z=2-(m%4);m=(m-z)/2;e[i++]=z};while(i--){c=a*a;a=c+2*a*b;b=c+b*b;if(e[i]>0){t=a;a+=b;b=t};if(e[i]<0){t=a;a=b;b=t-b}};if(n%2)a*a+b*b;if(!n%2)a*(a+2*b)' | bc
Calculates nth Fibonacci number for all n>=0, (much faster than matrix power algorithm from http://everything2.com/title/Compute+Fibonacci+numbers+FAST%2521 )
n=70332 is the biggest value at http://bigprimes.net/archive/fibonacci/ (corresponds to n=70331 there), this calculates it in less than a second, even on a netbook.
UPDATE: Now even faster! Uses recurrence relation for F(2n), see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibonacci_number#Matrix_form
n is now adjusted to match Fn at wikipedia, so bigprimes.net table is offset by 1.
UPDATE2: Probably fastest possible now ;), uses a simple monoid operation:
uses monoid (a,b).(x,y)=(ax+bx+ay,ax+by) with identity (0,1), and recursion relations:
F(2n-1)=Fn*Fn+F(n-1)*F(n-1)
F(2n)=Fn*(2*F(n-1)+Fn)
then apply fast exponentiation to (1,0)^n = (Fn,F(n-1))
.
Note that: (1,0)^-1=(1,-1) so (a,b).(1,0) = (a+b,a) and (a,b)/(1,0)=(a,b).(1,0)^-1=(b,a-b)
So we can also use a NAF representation to do the exponentiation,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-adjacent_form , it's also very fast (about the same, depends on n):
time echo 'n=70332;m=(n+1)/2;a=0;b=1;i=0;while(m>0){z=0;if(m%2)z=2-(m%4);m=(m-z)/2;e[i++]=z};while(i--){c=a*a;a=c+2*a*b;b=c+b*b;if(e[i]>0){t=a;a+=b;b=t};if(e[i]<0){t=a;a=b;b=t-b}};if(n%2)a*a+b*b;if(!n%2)a*(a+2*b)' | bc
This command displays a simple menu of file names in the current directory. After the user made a choice, the command invokes the default editor to edit that file.
* Without the break statement, the select command will loop forever
* Setting the PS3 prompt is optional
* If the user types an invalid choice (such as the letter q), then the variable $f will become an empty string.
* For more information, look up the bash's select command
This command displays a list of lines that are longer than 72 characters. I use this command to identify those lines in my scripts and cut them short the way I like it.
It's hard to beat C. This is just slightly faster than the bc version on my machine.
real 0m26.856s
user 0m25.030s
sys 0m0.024s
Requirements: libgmp headers, gcc.
Using avidemux to convert multiple files that are in the folder where the command was executed.
Overwrites the boot sector. Since this doesn't overwrite any data, you can usually recover by re-creating the partition table exactly the same as before you zeroed it. This can also help sometimes if you install a new drive in a Windows machine which can't read it.
notice what happens when there is more than one unread message in a thread...
also people please dont hardcode the password when you use curl. Leave it out and curl will ask you when it runs. Please...?
This command allow you to ignore certain directories on SVN commands, like SVN STATUS. It is sad see a lot of temporary files from templates_c for each "svn status", no? ;-)
This works only on directories under revision control.
This helped me find a botnet that had made into my system. Of course, this is not a foolproof or guarantied way to find all of them or even most of them. But it helped me find it.
Force the user you want to watch doing things into doing his things in a screen session. Then simply attach yourself to that session with the command shown above.
Works only if you are on the same machine, of course
OS: Debian based (or those that use dpkg)
Equivalent to doing a dpkg -S on each file in $PATH, but way faster.
May report files generated though postinstall scripts and such. For example . It will report /usr/bin/vim .. which is not not a file installed directly by dpkg, but a link generated by alternatives hooks