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commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

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Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,407 results
sudo iptables-save > /etc/iptables.up.rules
2009-08-19 14:55:05
User: kamiller
Functions: iptables-save sudo

Stores the currently active iptables rules to a file that will be applied upon reboot

sudo iptables-restore < /etc/iptables.test.rules
2009-08-19 14:38:08
User: kamiller
Functions: iptables-restore sudo
Tags: iptables

If you don't save the rule set it won't be applied during a reboot

watch -n 0.5 ssh [user]@[host] mysqladmin -u [mysql_user] -p[password] processlist | tee -a /to/a/file
2009-08-19 14:21:27
User: lunarblu
Functions: ssh tee watch

Locally watch MySQL process list update every 5s on a remote host. While you watch pipe to a file. The file out put is messy though but hey at least you have a history of what you see.

echo sleep() begins: %TIME% && FOR /l %a IN (10,-1,1) do (ECHO 1 >NUL %as&ping -n 2 -w 1>NUL) && echo sleep() end: %TIME%
2009-08-19 13:43:09
User: pfredrik
Functions: echo

Enable 'sleep' function in Windows environment where this does not exist, although not exact in time. (there is a delay for each ping) This is a simple way to separate commands with a time-period.

find . -type f | grep -rl $'\xEF\xBB\xBF'
2009-08-19 13:27:09
User: pfredrik
Functions: find grep

Character: "?" is the Byte Order Mark (BOM) of the Unicode Standard.

Specifically it is the hex bytes EF BB BF, which form the UTF-8 representation of the BOM,

misinterpreted as ISO 8859/1 text instead of UTF-8.

dos2unix file.txt
2009-08-19 11:59:22
User: slim

Whereas ^V is CTRL-V.

converts a dos file to unix by removing 0x13 characters

ps -ef | awk '/process-name/ && !/awk/ {print}'
2009-08-19 11:22:09
User: dopeman
Functions: awk ps

This does the same thing as many of the 'grep' based alternatives but allows a more finite control over the output. For example if you only wanted the process ID you could change the command:

ps -ef | awk '/mingetty/ && !/awk/ {print $2}'

If you wanted to kill the returned PID's:

ps -ef | awk '/mingetty/ && !/awk/ {print $2}' | xargs -i kill {}
watch -n1 'cat /proc/interrupts
cat /proc/cpuinfo
sudo dmesg
last reboot
lsb_release -a
uname -a
for kern in $(grep "initrd " /boot/grub/grub.conf|grep -v ^#|cut -f 2- -d-|sed -e 's/\.img//g'); do mkinitrd -v -f /boot/initrd-$kern.img $kern; done
openssl s_client -starttls smtp -crlf -connect
2009-08-19 08:37:24
User: realist

Allows you to connect to an SMTP server over TLS, which is useful for debugging SMTP sessions. (Much like telnet to 25/tcp). Once connected you can manually issue SMTP commands in the clear (e.g. EHLO)

S=$SSH_TTY && (sleep 3 && echo -n 'Peace... '>$S & ) && (sleep 5 && echo -n 'Love... '>$S & ) && (sleep 7 && echo 'and Intergalactic Happiness!'>$S & )
2009-08-19 07:57:16
User: AskApache
Functions: echo sleep

Ummmm.. Saw that gem on some dead-head hippies VW bus at phish this summer.. It's actually one of my favorite ways of using bash, very clean. It shows what you can do with the cool advanced features like job control, redirection, combining commands that don't wait for each other, and the thing I like the most is the use of the ( ) to make this process heirarchy below, which comes in very handy when using fifos for adding optimization to your scripts or commands with similar acrobatics.


1 gplovr 30667 1 wait 1324 1 -bash

0 gplovr 30672 30667 - 516 3 \_ sleep 3

1 gplovr 30669 1 wait 1324 1 -bash

0 gplovr 30673 30669 - 516 0 \_ sleep 5

1 gplovr 30671 1 wait 1324 1 -bash

0 gplovr 30674 30671 - 516 1 \_ sleep 7

command ps -Hacl -F S -A f
2009-08-19 07:08:19
User: AskApache
Functions: command ps

I don't truly enjoy many commands more than this one, which I alias to be ps1.. Cool to be able to see the heirarchy and makes it clearer what need to be killed, and whats really going on.

script -f /dev/pts/3
2009-08-19 07:04:17
User: realist
Functions: script

Will redirect output of current session to another terminal, e.g. /dev/pts/3

Courtesy of bassu, http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/by/bassu

git diff --numstat -w --no-abbrev | perl -a -ne '$F[0] != 0 && $F[1] !=0 && print $F[2] . "\n";'
2009-08-19 05:07:58
User: lingo
Functions: diff perl

Only shows files with actual changes to text (excluding whitespace). Useful if you've messed up permissions or transferred in files from windows or something like that, so that you can get a list of changed files, and clean up the rest.

du -sk * |sort -rn |head
cmdfu(){ curl "http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/matching/$@/$(echo -n $@ | openssl base64)/plaintext"; }
rar a -v[SIZE] [archivename] [files]
2009-08-18 21:16:58
User: superchink

For example:

rar a -v10M nameofrar filestorar

This will create an archive of the filestorar divided into 10MB volumes