Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,353 results
structcp(){ ( mkdir -pv $2;f="$(realpath "$1")";t="$(realpath "$2")";cd "$f";find * -type d -exec mkdir -pv $t/{} \;);}
2009-08-23 11:26:38
User: frozenfire
Functions: mkdir
Tags: copy
3

Copies a dir structure without the files in it.

shutdown -h 60
2009-08-23 11:02:39
User: MikeTheGreat
Functions: shutdown
Tags: Shutdown
1

Replace 60 with the number of minutes until you want the machine to shut down.

Alternatively give an absolute time in the format hh:mm (shutdown -h 9:30)

Or shutdown right away (shutdown -h now)

nautilus -q
2009-08-23 10:38:30
User: deasc
0

man nautilus (1) - the GNOME File Manager

OPTIONS

-q

--quit

Quit Nautilus.

ps But if it hang up, you should kill it with -9 of couse

cp -pr olddirectory newdirectory
2009-08-22 22:11:24
User: stanishjohnd
Functions: cp
4

cp options:

-p will preserve the file mode, ownership, and timestamps

-r will copy files recursively

also, if you want to keep symlinks in addition to the above: use the -a/--archive option

y=http://www.youtube.com;for i in $(curl -s $f|grep -o "url='$y/watch?v=[^']*'");do d=$(echo $i|sed "s|url\='$y/watch?v=\(.*\)&.*'|\1|");wget -O $d.flv "$y/get_video.php?video_id=$d&t=$(curl -s "$y/watch?v=$d"|sed -n 's/.* "t": "\([^"]*\)",.*/\1/p')";done
2009-08-22 21:31:29
User: matthewbauer
Functions: echo grep sed
3

This will download a Youtube playlist and mostly anything http://code.google.com/apis/youtube/2.0/reference.html#Video_Feeds

The files will be saved by $id.flv

yes n
tar -C /oldirectory -cvpf - . | tar -C /newdirector -xvf -
2009-08-22 20:05:49
User: Cowboy
Functions: tar
1

It's the same like 'cp -p' if available. It's faster over networks than scp. If you have to copy gigs of data you could also use netcat and the tar -z option in conjunction -- on the receiving end do:

# nc -l 7000 | tar -xzvpf -

...and on the sending end do:

# tar -czf - * | nc otherhost 7000

jot -r -n 8 0 9 | rs -g 0
watch --interval 0 'iptables -nvL | grep -v "0 0"'
2009-08-22 18:18:05
User: Code_Bleu
Functions: grep watch
7

This will allow you to watch as matches occur in real-time. To filter out only ACCEPT, DROP, LOG..etc, then run the following command: watch 'iptables -nvL | grep -v "0 0" && grep "ACCEPT"' The -v is used to do an inverted filter. ie. NOT "0 0"

find /backup/directory -name "FILENAME_*" -mtime +15 | xargs rm -vf
rmdir **/*(/^F)
pgrep -u `id -u` firefox-bin || find ~/.mozilla/firefox -name '*.sqlite'|(while read -e f; do echo 'vacuum;'|sqlite3 "$f" ; done)
2009-08-22 10:36:05
User: kamathln
Functions: echo find read
11

Sqlite database keeps collecting cruft as time passes, which can be cleaned by the 'vacuum;' command. This command cleans up the cruft in all sqlite files relating to the user you have logged in as. This command has to be run when firefox is not running, or it will exit displaying the pid of the firefox running.

find / -type f -exec wc -c {} \; | sort -nr | head -100
sed 's/\([0-9]*\)\.\([0-9]*\)\.\([0-9]*\)\.\([0-9]*\).in-addr.arpa domain name pointer\(.*\)\./\4.\3.\2.\1\5/' \ lookups.txt
2009-08-22 09:37:20
User: hemanth
Functions: sed
Tags: sed
-1

Reverse DNS lookups, from a file with list of IP's, here the file is called lookups.txt

for i in `seq 1 255`; do ping -c 1 10.10.10.$i | tr \\n ' ' | awk '/1 received/ {print $2}'; done
2009-08-22 09:34:27
User: hemanth
Functions: awk ping tr
Tags: ping
2

Ping sweep without NMAP

for i in `cat names.txt`; do host -r $i [nameserver]; done
2009-08-22 09:26:31
User: hemanth
Functions: host
Tags: host
0

DNS cache snooping

chage -l <user>
for u in `cut -f1 -d: /etc/passwd`; do echo -n $u:; groups $u; done | sort
2009-08-22 09:06:02
User: hemanth
Functions: echo groups
Tags: sort cut for groups
3

"cut" the user names from /etc/passwd and then running a loop over them.

find . -type d -empty -delete
2009-08-22 09:03:14
User: hemanth
Functions: find
Tags: find rmdir
6

You can also use, $ find . -depth -type d -exec rmdir {} \; 2>/dev/null

echo $(( $RANDOM % 10 + 1 ))
echo init 0 | at now + 2 hours
export PS1='\D{%a %D %T}> '
lsof -Pni4 | grep LISTEN
for i in `grep "unable to stat" /var/log/syslog | cut -d "/" -f 3 | sort | uniq`; do find /var/qmail/queue -name $i -type f -exec rm -v {} \; ; done
mailq | grep DrWEB | awk {'print $1'} | sed s/*//g | postsuper -d -