Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 11,484 results
dd if=/dev/<device location> | gzip -c /<path to backup location>/<disk image name>.img.gz
passwd -d $USER
2010-05-07 07:15:09
User: TheFox
Functions: passwd
-3

-d, --delete

Delete a user?s password (make it empty). This is a quick way to disable a password for an account. It will set the named account passwordless.

find -name *.\[c\|h\] | xargs wc -l
2011-05-02 21:18:35
User: pescio
Functions: find wc xargs
-3

it recursively searches your project's directories and sum the lines of every source [.c or .h]. Then it gives you the total.

gzip -cd file.gz | ssh user@host 'dd of=~/file'
2010-09-20 11:44:19
User: twfcc
Functions: gzip ssh
-3

It is an easy method unzip a file and copy it to remote machine. No unziped file on local hard drive

10,30,50 * * * * ping -q -c1 -w3 192.168.0.14 | grep '1 received' - || mail -ne -s'Host 192.168.0.14 not reachable' admin@example.com
2012-02-06 10:42:46
User: knoppix5
Functions: grep mail ping
-3

Every 20 minutes test if host with IP 192.168.0.14 is 'dead' or not reachable.

The line should be put in your crontab file.

wmic -U DOMAIN/user --password='password' //IP_HOST "select Caption,CSDVersion,CSName from Win32_OperatingSystem" | grep Windows
2010-09-20 14:23:37
User: dr_gogeta86
Functions: grep
Tags: windows wmic wmi
-3
wmi

Get windows version with servicepack and hostname

. (in NORMAL MODE)
2013-01-08 18:32:57
User: Zulu
Tags: vim
-3

Paste what you previously wrote in INSERT MODE, for example:

1. Write 'foo' in INSERT MODE

2. Return to NORMAL MODE

3. Press "." and it will paste 'foo'

wget http://cmyip.com -O - -o /dev/null | awk '/\<title/ {print $4}'
awk '{ printf "%.2f", $2/1024/1024 ; exit}' /proc/meminfo
ls |while read line ; do mpg321 -w "$line.wav" "$line" ; done
cobbler check
2009-04-27 10:28:29
User: w00binda
-3

A script that checks if your environment is correctly configured for using cobbler.

for z in */*.pdf; do gs -q -dNOPAUSE -dBATCH -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sOutputFile="$z new" -c .setpdfwrite -f "$z" mv "$z new" "$z"; done
echo "Hello world" | base64
2009-04-27 15:00:08
User: P17
Functions: echo
Tags: encoding
-3

Also works with files:

cat file

Hello world

base64 file

SGVsbG8gd29ybGQK

To decrypt use the -d option:

echo SGVsbG8gd29ybGQK | base64 -d

Hello world

pkill -U MYWIFE
2009-02-05 22:10:07
User: HansReiser
-3

Kills all processes owned by user MYWIFE (replace MYWIFE with username or ID of your choice)

(Thanks, porges, for the better command)

ipconfig /flushdns
for i in *ext; do mv $i ${i%.ext}; done
2011-11-13 03:58:08
User: paulochf
Functions: mv
-3

For those files in current folder that would be shown in `ls *ext`, for some extension ext, move/rename that file removing the .ext suffix from the file name.

It uses Bash's parameter substitution, as seen in

http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/parameter-substitution.html#PCTPATREF

(for analog use in prefix, see http://tldp.org/LDP/abs/html/parameter-substitution.html#PSOREX2 )

for i in $(find . -iname '*.html'); do sed '/String/d' $i > $i-tmp; mv $i-tmp $i; done
2010-09-21 14:35:18
User: cadu
Functions: find mv sed
Tags: sed find
-3

Search in all html files and remove the lines that 'String' is found.

pgrep rouge-process | xargs sudo kill -9
2010-05-09 22:30:05
User: mheadd
Functions: kill sudo xargs
Tags: xargs pgrep
-3

Find and kill multiple instances of a process with one simple command.

while true; do /bin/true; done
2009-02-18 22:08:18
User: deepc0re
-3

Loads your CPU, run a instance for each CPU/CORE.

ls -shF --color
2009-09-03 05:45:33
User: Viperlin
Functions: ls
-3

use manpages, they give you "ultimate commands"

"ls -SshF --color" list by filesize (biggest at the top)

"ls -SshFr --color" list by filesize in reverse order (biggest at the bottom)

lynx --dump icanhazip.com
alias trash="rm -fr ~/.local/share/Trash"
2009-02-27 01:55:30
Functions: alias
-3

Force empties the user trash

alias o='xdg-open "$@" 2>/dev/null'
2011-12-26 08:52:22
User: Bonster
Functions: alias
-3

use xdg-open without looking at error messages

examples msg:

(nautilus:3955): Gtk-WARNING **: Theme parsing error: Notebook.css:21:15: Junk at end of value

xcopy D:\*.* /s/e/f E:\
2009-09-20 12:36:52
User: eth0
-3

Replace D drive with mounted ISO virtual drive and Replace E with your USB drive letter.

rm strangedirs -rf
2009-06-30 15:10:31
User: ioggstream
Functions: rm
Tags: rm safe
-3

avoid rm to be recursive until you complete the command: put the -rf at the end!