Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Hide

Credits

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,163 results
ifconfig eth0|awk '/HWaddr/{gsub(/:/,"",$5);print $5}'
DD=`cat /etc/my.cnf | sed "s/#.*//g;" | grep datadir | tr '=' ' ' | gawk '{print $2;}'` && ( cd $DD ; find . -mindepth 2 | grep -v db\.opt | sed 's/\.\///g; s/\....$//g; s/\//./;' | sort | uniq | tr '/' '.' | gawk '{print "CHECK TABLE","`"$1"`",";";}' )
2009-07-25 03:42:31
User: atcroft
Functions: cd find gawk grep sed sort tr uniq
-1

This command will generate "CHECK TABLE `db_name.table_name` ;" statements for all tables present in databases on a MySQL server, which can be piped into the mysql command. (Can also be altered to perform OPTIMIZE and REPAIR functions.)

Tested on MySQL 4.x and 5.x systems in a Linux environment under bash.

/usr/bin/Xephyr :5 -query localhost -once -fullscreen -ac -keybd "ephyr,,,xkbmodel=pc105,xkblayout=it,xkbrules=evdev,xkboption="
2012-11-03 01:21:36
User: hute37
Tags: Xephyr xdmcp
-1

XDMCP ust be enabled (gdm,lightdm,xdm etc )

sudo aptitude -y install iasl && sudo cat /sys/firmware/acpi/tables/DSDT > dsdt.dat && iasl -d dsdt.dat
2009-02-15 23:13:50
User: brettalton
Functions: cat install sudo
-1

In July 2008, there was an uproar over Foxconn motherboards feeding Linux installs incorrect ACPI information (http://ubuntu-virginia.ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=869249).

Foxconn has gladly corrected their mistake, but make sure it's not happening on your motherboard!

After running the command, just view the 'dsdt.dsl' in any editor you like.

for dnsREC in $(curl -s http://www.iana.org/assignments/dns-parameters |grep -Eo ^[A-Z\.]+\ |sed 's/TYPE//'); do echo -n "$dnsREC " && dig +short $dnsREC IANA.ORG; done
for i in `cat /etc/passwd | awk -F : '{ print $1 }';`; do passwd -e $i; done
sed -e 's/{"url":/\n&/g' ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | cut -d\" -f4
change-homepage(){ sed -ri 's|( "homepage": ").*(",)|\1'"$@"'\2|' .config/chromium/Default/Preferences; }
ssh-add ~/.ssh/KEY_PAIR_NAME.pem
2012-11-03 02:59:52
User: brockangelo
Functions: ssh ssh-add
Tags: ssh EC2
-1

This command adds your pem key to SSH so that you no longer have to manually specify it when connecting to EC2 instances.

# you can do this:

ssh ec2-instance.amazonaws.com

# instead of this:

ssh -i ~/.ssh/KEY_PAIR_NAME.pem ec2-instance.amazonaws.com

for menu in {1..4}; do echo -e "<ul>\n <li>menu $menu</li>\n <ul>"; for items in {1..5}; do echo " <li>item $items</li>"; if [ $items -eq 5 ];then echo -e " </ul>";fi;done; echo "</ul>";done | xclip
2013-09-22 06:34:32
User: qcjn
Functions: echo
-1

This will create rapidly an html menu. You can paste it in you're html page with the middle button(the wheel). I didn't test it in an html with css, but it seems alright.

du --max-depth=1 | grep -v '\.\/\.'
grep -l bar *.log | xargs grep -l foo
2011-01-10 19:54:46
User: dlebauer
Functions: grep xargs
Tags: bash xargs grep
-1

Uses xargs to call the second grep with the first grep's results as arguments

fromdos <file>
2011-02-14 17:28:53
User: jbuitt
-1

requires the package tofrodos on Debian/Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install tofrodos

for i in {1..40};do echo -n $i. $(date +%H:%M:%S):\ ; (time curl 'http://ya.ru/' &> /dev/null) 2>&1|grep real;sleep 1;done
2011-11-11 10:40:38
User: AntonyC
Functions: date echo grep sleep time
Tags: curl
-1

This uses curl to find out the access times of a web service

perl -pi -e 's/foo/bar/g' $(grep -l foo ./*)
2009-03-27 17:18:08
User: dopeman
Functions: grep perl
-1

This command will replace all instances of 'foo' with 'bar' in all files in the current working directory.

uuid
2009-08-14 14:02:37
-1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universally_Unique_Identifier

http://www.ossp.org/pkg/lib/uuid/

You'll first need to install the uuid package. Available immediately from apt in Ubuntu, Debian, or other myriad Debian variants. You could always compile it from source as well.

du -sh * | grep -v '\.\/\.'
while $i;do `notify-send -t 200 "You are awesome :)"`;sleep 60; done;
2011-02-14 18:49:38
User: pahnin
Functions: sleep
-1

sends notification msg within repeated intervals of time to notify-send ;)

Just for fun.

df | awk '{if ($2!=dspace) print "different"; dspace=$2;}'
find . | sort | awk 'NR%2==0' | xargs rm $1
2013-07-11 07:36:18
User: sucotronic
Functions: awk find rm sort xargs
-1

If you have a directory with lot of backups (full backups I mean), when it gets to some size, you could want to empty some space. With this command you'll remove half of the files. The command assumes that your backup files starts with YYYYMMDD or that they go some alphabetical order.

find . -iname "*.mp3" | mpg123 -Z --list -
perl -pi -e 's/foo/bar/g' $(grep -rl foo ./*)
2009-03-27 17:21:35
User: dopeman
Functions: grep perl
Tags: perl
-1

This command will replace all instances of 'foo' with 'bar' in all files in the current working directory and any sub-directories.

curl http://my-ip.cc/host.txt
2011-09-01 00:28:49
User: samleb
-1

Additionally it may give your geolocation if it's known by hostip.info

for ff in directory; do numLines=`wc -l $ff`; numLines=$(echo $numLines | sed 's/ .*//g'); min=$(sort -nrk 1 $ff | tail -1); if [ $numLines -gt 100 ]; then echo $min >> minValues; fi;done;