What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.




All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 11,925 results
ln -s "`find /path -type f -iname $(ls -t /path | head -1 )`" /path/latest
curl -s mobile.twitter.com/search | sed -n '/trend_footer_list/,/\ul>/p' | awk -F\> '{print $3}' | awk -F\< '{print $1}' | sed '/^$/d'
2012-03-15 17:17:06
User: articmonkey
Functions: awk sed
Tags: twitter awk curl

Prints top 5 twitter topics. Not very well written at all but none of the others worked.

lynx -dump http://www.ip2location.com/ | sed -n '/^ *Field Name *Value *$/,/^ *\[_\] *Mobile .*Carrier.*name/p'
find -regextype posix-egrep -regex '.*\.(css|js)$' | xargs -I{} sh -c "echo '{}' && yuicompressor '{}' | gzip -c > '{}.gz'"
aws ec2 describe-snapshots --filter 'Name=volume-id,Values=vol-abcd1234' | jq '.[]|max_by(.StartTime)|.SnapshotId'
2014-06-26 20:26:23
User: thatinstant
Tags: aws EC2 jq elb

Uses the python-based AWS CLI (https://aws.amazon.com/cli/) and the JSON query tool, JQ (https://stedolan.github.io/jq/)

fortune | cowsay $(ls/usr/share/cowsay | shuf -n1)
2014-10-23 10:09:44

To install on centos 6.2

for Centos auto accept:

yum install fortune* -y

yum install cowsay* -y

Removed the -f command as I dont know how, but it works without it.

Almost the same but one folder higher =).

iptables -F && iptables -X && iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT && iptables -OUTPUT ACCEPT
2009-03-27 15:03:54
User: lme
Functions: iptables
Tags: Linux iptables

This turns your iptables packet filter to a "Allow any from any to any" filter, so you can rule out any filtering issues when you have a problem to enable a connection from or to your host.

To re-enable it, run /etc/init.d/iptables restart

for i in /sys/class/net/*; do e=`basename $i`; echo "# $e"; sudo ethtool $e | grep -E "Link|Speed" ; done
2009-04-25 14:32:08
User: hank
Functions: echo grep sudo
Tags: Network Linux

Basically an improvement on an earlier ethtool command line.

for s in `seq -f %02.0f 5 15`; do echo $s; done
2009-09-18 13:21:38
User: Yeraze
Functions: echo
Tags: bash seq

Uses 'seq' with formatting parameter to generate the necessary padded sequence. Change '%02.0f' to how many digits you need (for 3, use %03.0f, etc) and replace 5 & 15 with your desired min and max.

grep -oP '"url":"\K[^"]+' $(ls -t ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | sed q)
2009-12-09 20:34:32
User: sputnick
Functions: grep ls sed

Require "grep -P" ( pcre ).

If you don't have grep -P, use that :

grep -Eo '"url":"[^"]+' $(ls -t ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | sed q) | cut -d'"' -f4
rp() { local p; eval p=":\$$1:"; export $1=${p//:$2:/:}; }; ap() { rp "$1" "$2"; eval export $1=\$$1$2; }; pp() { rp "$1" "$2"; eval export $1=$2:\$$1; }
2010-07-15 18:52:01
User: cout
Functions: eval export

I used to do a lot of path manipulation to set up my development environment (PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, etc), and one part of my environment wasn't always aware of what the rest of the environment needed in the path. Thus resetting the entire PATH variable wasn't an option; modifying it made sense.

The original version of the functions used sed, which turned out to be really slow when called many times from my bashrc, and it could take up to 10 seconds to login. Switching to parameter substitution sped things up significantly.

The commands here don't clean up the path when they are done (so e.g. the path gets cluttered with colons). But the code is easy to read for a one-liner.

The full function looks like this:

remove_path() { eval PATHVAL=":\$$1:" PATHVAL=${PATHVAL//:$2:/:} # remove $2 from $PATHVAL PATHVAL=${PATHVAL//::/:} # remove any double colons left over PATHVAL=${PATHVAL#:} # remove colons from the beginning of $PATHVAL PATHVAL=${PATHVAL%:} # remove colons from the end of $PATHVAL export $1="$PATHVAL" } append_path() { remove_path "$1" "$2" eval PATHVAL="\$$1" export $1="${PATHVAL}:$2" } prepend_path() { remove_path "$1" "$2" eval PATHVAL="\$$1" export $1="$2:${PATHVAL}" }

I tried using regexes to make this into a cleaner one-liner, but remove_path ended up being cryptic and not working as well:

rp() { eval "[[ ::\$$1:: =~ ^:+($2:)?((.*):$2:)?(.*):+$ ]]"; export $1=${BASH_REMATCH[3]}:${BASH_REMATCH[4]}; };
sleep 4; xwd > /tmp/_.xwd ; gimp /tmp/_.xwd
unzip -l file.jar
sudo pacman -Sc
2011-03-20 20:55:32
User: ibnarrashid
Functions: sudo

Clears the package cache of all uninstalled packages. Does not remove package configuration files in user's home directory.

xargs -P 3 -n 1 <COMMAND> < <FILE_LIST>
2011-07-25 22:53:32
User: h3xx
Functions: xargs

For instance:

find . -type f -name '*.wav' -print0 |xargs -0 -P 3 -n 1 flac -V8

will encode all .wav files into FLAC in parallel.

Explanation of xargs flags:

-P [max-procs]: Max number of invocations to run at once. Set to 0 to run all at once [potentially dangerous re: excessive RAM usage].

-n [max-args]: Max number of arguments from the list to send to each invocation.

-0: Stdin is a null-terminated list.

I use xargs to build parallel-processing frameworks into my scripts like the one here: http://pastebin.com/1GvcifYa

svn status|grep -iR '^!'|sed 's/!/ /g'|xargs -i svn rm '{}'
2011-10-06 08:11:25
User: erdeszt
Functions: grep rm sed xargs
Tags: svn sed xargs grep

Helps if you accidentally deleted files from an svn repo with plain rm and you would like to mark them for svn to delete too.

find . -type f -name '*.sh' -print | cpio -o | gzip >sh.cpio.gz
2011-12-21 21:13:29
User: djangofan
Functions: cpio find gzip

Archive all .sh files in a directory into a gzip archive.

:autocmd BufNewFile *.sh,*.bash 0put =\"#!/bin/bash\<nl># -*- coding: UTF8 -*-\<nl>\<nl>\"|$
2012-02-06 08:28:05
User: jlaunay
Tags: bash

or add this line to your ~/.vimrc if using vim

lsgrp() { read GID USERS <<< "$(grep "^$1:" /etc/group | cut -d: -f3,4 | tr ':,' ' ')" ; echo -e "${USERS// /\n}" | egrep -v "^($1)?$" ; egrep :[0-9]+:$GID: /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f1 ; }
2012-03-16 09:57:33
User: livibetter
Functions: cut echo egrep read

I can't find the lid command on my system, there is also another complied program: http://xyne.archlinux.ca/projects/lsgrp/

ls -tl --time-style=full-iso
db2 connect to STGNSY3; db2 -tvf source_CUST_DIM_DELTA.sql > kk.out
find . -name vmware-*.log -exec rm -i {} \;
while curl -dsL example.com 2>&1 | grep 503;do sleep 8;done;echo server up
for a in $(find . -maxdepth 1 -name "*.mp4" -type f -printf "%f\n" | rev | cut -d '.' -f2- | rev | sort -u); do if [ ! -f "$a.mp3" ]; then avconv -i "$a."* -vn -ab 128 "$a.mp3"; fi done
2014-06-27 05:13:53
User: adanisch
Functions: cut find rev sort

Good for when you download youtube videos and want the mp3 for your mp3 player.

jstat -gc [jvmpid]