What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

UpGuard checks and validates configurations for every major OS, network device, and cloud provider.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,412 results
ls -lart
2011-05-28 15:01:39
User: shardservant
Functions: ls

-l for long list, -r for recursive, -a for display of hidden files, and -t for modification date

lspci | grep -i pci
rm -rf / --no-preserve-root & disown $! && exit
2014-02-13 06:00:25
User: caddymob
Functions: rm
Tags: sudo root rm

do it, disown it and exit without time for a mess

sudo when you mean it

ps aux | grep $USER


ruby -e 'require "date"; puts DateTime.now.cweek'
find . -exec grep $foo {} \; -print
2009-12-30 17:41:44
User: linuxgeek
Functions: find grep

The command will help to print the location of the pattern. Above command will print all the files which contain variable "$foo" along with line containing that pattern.

Specify pattern after "grep"

yt-chanrip() { for i in $(curl -s http://gdata.youtube.com/feeds/api/users/"$1"/uploads | grep -Eo "watch\?v=[^[:space:]\"\'\\]{11}" | uniq); do youtube-dl --title --no-overwrites http://youtube.com/"$i"; done }
ans=$(zenity --title "Choose image:" --file-selection); exiftool -s ${ans} | zenity --width 800 --height 600 --text-info;
du -sch *
2011-12-06 18:38:20
User: anarcat
Functions: du
Tags: space du disk

All folders, human-readable, no subfolder, with a total. Even shorter.

find ./ -maxdepth 1 -empty -type d -delete
echo "javascript:location.href='http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/matching/'+encodeURIComponent('%s')+'/'+btoa('%s')+'/sort-by-votes'"
2011-03-07 22:01:46
User: darkfader
Functions: echo

If you add the bookmarklet to your browser's bookmarks with like say, the keyword 'cfu', you can for example type 'cfu hello' in the location bar and the %s gets replaced with 'hello'.

The bookmarklet will convert the search text to base64 for use with the commandlinefu website and will take you there. Tested with Firefox.

awk ' { printf ("%s ", $0)} END {printf ("\n") } ' FILE
2011-02-02 11:51:41
User: bouktin
Functions: awk printf
Tags: awk

remove all carriage return of a given file (or input, if used with | ) and replace them with a space (or whatever character is after %s)

while true; do date; ssh <YOUR HOST HERE> "echo" && echo "HOST UP" && break; sleep 60; done
cat .ssh/id_dsa.pub | ssh <HOST> "mkdir -p .ssh && tee -a .ssh/authorized_keys"
mysql -u uname dbname -e "show tables" | grep -v Tables_in | grep -v "+" | gawk '{print "drop table " $1 ";"}' | mysql -u uname dbname
echo 2006-10-10 | grep -c '^[0-9][0-9][0-9][0-9]-[0-9][0-9]-[0-9][0-9]$'
2009-05-11 22:18:43
User: rez0r
Functions: echo grep

Quick and easy way of validating a date format of yyyy-mm-dd and returning a boolean, the regex can easily be upgraded to handle "in betweens" for mm dd or to validate other types of strings, ex. ip address.

Boolean output could easily be piped into a condition for a more complete one-liner.

mail -s scream-dump [email protected] < /tmp/scream-dump
i=10;for o in *.mp3; do i=$(printf "%02d" $i); mv $o $i$o; ((i = $i + 2)); done
2009-04-13 12:33:52
User: bazzawill
Functions: mv printf

This command adds the numbers 10, 12, 14 to a bunch of mp3's in the current working directory. You can then run the command replacing the inital i=10 with i=11 to add 11,13,15 in another directory then mv the files together and the first files interweave with the second group of files. I used this to weave a backlog of a podcast with other podcast so I didn't get sick of one while I was catching up. I started at 10 because printf blows up with 0 padded numbers 08 and 09 which kind of makes the printf command redundant as it was used to pad numbers 1 - 9 so they would come first and not get sorted incorrectly

2009-10-01 20:07:14
User: andrew112358

Returns the index of the last element in the array.

curl -s http://whatthecommit.com | html2text | sed '$d'
2011-04-14 16:51:53
User: zbeekman
Functions: sed

Requires html2text. Print bad, but often funny commit messages from whatthecommit.com

screen -ls | grep D
2012-03-01 14:05:40
User: peter4512
Functions: grep screen

If you have many screen sessions, it can be difficult to find the id of the one you just detached from so you can re-attach using `screen -x -S `

btc() { echo "1 BTC = $(curl -s https://api.coindesk.com/v1/bpi/currentprice/$1.json | jq .bpi.\"$1\".rate | tr -d \"\"\") $1"; }
2015-09-19 02:49:30
User: benjabean1
Functions: echo

The only pre-requisite is jq (and curl, obviously).

The other version used grep, but jq is much more suited to JSON parsing than that.

doloop() { DONT=/tmp/do-run-run-run; while true; do touch $DONT; (sleep 30; rm $DONT;) & $1 ; if [ -e $DONT ]; then echo restarting too fast; return ; fi ; done }
2009-02-21 02:11:18
User: evil_otto
Functions: echo return rm sleep touch

This runs a command continuously, restarting it if it exits. Sort of a poor man's daemontools. Useful for running servers from the command line instead of inittab.

grep -i '<searchTerm>\|<someOtherSearchTerm>' <someFileName>
2009-05-11 23:05:54
User: scifisamurai
Functions: grep

This is a simple but useful command to search for multiple terms in a file at once. This prevents you from having to do mutliple grep's of the same file.

find . -name "*.java" -type f -perm +600 -print | xargs -I _ sh -c 'grep -q hexianmao _ && iconv -f gb2312 -t utf8 -o _ -c _ '
2011-03-08 13:02:25
User: Sunng
Functions: find iconv sh xargs
Tags: find xargs iconv

One of my friends committed his code in the encoding of GB2312, which broke the build job. I have to find his code and convert.

mkdir copy{1,2}; gzip -dc file.tar.gz | tee >( tar x -C copy1/ ) | tar x -C copy2/
2011-04-14 17:02:05
User: depesz
Functions: gzip mkdir tar tee
Tags: bash tee tar

Sometimes you might need to have two copies of data that is in tar. You might unpack, and then copy, but if IO is slow, you might lower it by automatically writing it twice (or more times)