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Terminal - All commands - 12,296 results
strings -1 <file>
2012-11-23 11:33:25
User: Testuser_01
Functions: strings

Use this like the cat command with the additional feature to strip out unprintable characters from the input, newlines will stay.

find . -maxdepth 1 -type f| xargs sha1sum | sed 's/^\(\w*\)\s*\(.*\)/\2 \1/' | while read LINE; do mv $LINE; done
gnome-open .
2010-10-01 13:16:00
User: pahnin

when working under a cli sometime you need to list the files with ls

but u can open gnome file browser with the command 'gnome-open .' under current directory

curl -D - -X POST -H 'Content-type: text/xml' -d @XML http://remote_server:8080/web-service/soap/WSName
2011-05-23 08:25:24
User: igorfu

Use curl to invoke remote web service, where the file 'XML' is the soap payload

cd !$
2010-08-26 08:51:01
User: YCFlame
Functions: cd

using "!$" will save another ton of typing than 'ALT+.' or ' .'

2011-05-23 08:27:22
User: igorfu
Tags: vi

French uses accents (???...) which may be badly displayed on computers with the wrong default character set. This command may help (sometimes)

sudo nano /etc/modules-load.d/virtualbox.conf
2013-05-16 14:41:51
Functions: sudo

To do this, we?ll use nano to create a new configuration file called ?virtualbox.conf?. This file will go in the ?/etc/modules-load.d? directory, which contains files that need to be loaded when Arch boots up. Since adding a file to this directory requires administrative permissions, we?ll need to precede our command with ?sudo? once again.

When nano brings up the blank file, add these three lines to it:




As usual, when you?re finished entering text in nano, type Control-X to exit to the command line, and answer ?y? for yes when you?re asked whether you want to save your work, and then hit ?Return? to accept the filename. At this point, reboot your machine for the Guest Additions to take effect.

git ls-files | while read i; do git blame $i | sed -e 's/^[^(]*(//' -e 's/^\([^[:digit:]]*\)[[:space:]]\+[[:digit:]].*/\1/'; done | sort | uniq -ic | sort -nr
2009-10-25 09:40:01
User: pipping
Functions: read sed sort uniq
Tags: statistics git

You'll run into trouble if you have files w/ missing newlines at the end. I tried to use

PAGER='sed \$q' git blame

and even

PAGER='sed \$q' git -p blame

to force a newline at the end, but as soon as the output is redirected, git seems to ignore the pager.

git grep "search for something" $(git log -g --pretty=format:%h -S"search for something")
M=[email protected]; echo "Email message" | mutt -s "Email Subject" $M
2011-05-23 08:31:14
User: igorfu
Functions: echo
Tags: email

It's very similar to this thread:


mutt your@email_address.com -s "Message Subject Here" -a attachment.jpg </dev/null
eval <command> ${INBACK:-&}
2012-04-05 03:50:57
User: Zulu
Functions: eval
Tags: bash eval nohup

If $INBACK is set, command will launch in foreground and inverse.

Very useful in script !

We could apply the inverse comportement like that :

eval command ${INBACK:+&}

sudo reboot
dd bs=1M if=/dev/scd0 of=./filename.iso OR readom -v dev='D:' f='./filename.iso' speed=2 retries=8
2013-10-23 15:53:27
User: scotharkins
Functions: dd

This example is taken from Cygwin running on Win7Ent-64. Device names will vary by platform.

Both commands resulted in identical files per the output of md5sum, and ran in the same time down to the second (2m45s), less than 100ms apart. I timed the commands with 'time', which added before 'dd' or 'readom' gives execution times after the command completes. See 'man time' for more info...it can be found on any Unix or Linux newer than 1973. Yeah, that means everywhere.

readom is supposed to guarantee good reads, and does support flags for bypassing bad blocks where dd will either fail or hang.

readom's verbosity gave more interesting output than dd.

On Cygwin, my attempt with 'readom' from the first answer actually ended up reading my hard drive. Both attempts got to 5GB before I killed them, seeing as that is past any CD or standard DVD.


'bs=1M' says "read 1MB into RAM from source, then write that 1MB to output. I also tested 10MB, which shaved the time down to 2m42s.

'if=/dev/scd0' selects Cygwin's representation of the first CD-ROM drive.

'of=./filename.iso' simply means "create filename.iso in the current directory."


'-v' says "be a little noisy (verbose)." The man page implies more verbosity with more 'v's, e.g. -vvv.

dev='D:' in Cygwin explicitly specifies the D-drive. I tried other entries, like '/dev/scd0' and '2,0', but both read from my hard drive instead of the CD-ROM. I imagine my LUN-foo (2,0) was off for my system, but on Cygwin 'D:' sort of "cut to the chase" and did the job.

f='./filename.iso' specifies the output file.

speed=2 simply sets the speed at which the CD is read. I also tried 4, which ran the exact same 2m45s.

retries=8 simply means try reading a block up to 8 times before giving up. This is useful for damaged media (scratches, glue lines, etc.), allowing you to automatically "get everything that can be copied" so you at least have most of the data.

iptables -A INPUT -s -j DROP
ls -trF | grep -v \/ | tail -n 1
2011-09-14 20:05:37
User: mrpollo
Functions: grep ls tail
Tags: find stat mtime

Sort by time and Reverse to get Ascending order, then display a marker next to the a file, negate directory and select only 1 result

sudo systemctl enable lxdm
awk -F, '{gsub(/ /,"");for(f=1;f<=NF;f++) print f,$f;exit}' file.csv
2015-08-26 09:30:43
User: sesom42
Functions: awk


use , as field separator


deletes all spaces


loops over all input fields and print their index and value


exit after first line

curl ifconfig.me/all/xml
2010-04-21 20:45:17
User: truemilk

Request all information about my IP address in xml format

find . -type f -iname "*.mp3" -exec id3v2 --delete-all {} \;
LANG=fr_FR.iso8859-1 find . -name '*['$'\xe9'$'\xea'$'\xeb'$'\xc9'']*'|while read f; do a="$(echo $f|iconv -f iso8859-1 -t ascii//TRANSLIT)"; echo "move $f => $a"; done
2011-04-06 17:03:31
User: gibboris
Functions: echo find read

Warn: use convmv or detox if you can: they are the right tools.

But if you want to do it manually, you can use this command to find the problematic files and transliterate their accented characters to their ascii equivalent.

(Useful when doing cd backup: growisofs may fail on files which come from the old iso8859-* days.)

mojo get <URL> 'a[href]' attr href
sed -i 's/$/\r/' file
2012-02-23 08:34:30
User: evolix
Functions: sed

This permit to convert an UNIX file to DOS file.

You can use it in a loop to convert multiple files, like :

for i in *.bat; do sed -i 's/$/\r/' $i; done

ir() { perl -pne 's/(.)(.*)/\[\1]\2/' <<< "$@" ;}
2015-07-25 14:13:33
User: bartonski
Functions: perl
Tags: ps

Note that `grep "$(ir foo)"` really doesn't save any typing, but wrapping this inside a second shell function will:

psg() { grep "$(ir \"$@\")" ;}
find . -name "*.jpg" | perl -ne'chomp; $name = $_; $quote = chr(39); s/[$quote\\!]/_/ ; print "mv \"$name\" \"$_\"\n"'
sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'|xargs -r tail -f
2010-07-30 18:20:00
User: vutcovici
Functions: echo eval grep ls sed sudo tail xargs

Tail all logs that are opened by all java processes. This is helpful when you are on a new environment and you do not know where the logs are located. Instead of java you can put any process name. This command does work only for Linux.

The list of all log files opened by java process:

sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'