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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
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Commands tagged sed from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged sed - 341 results
alias tarred='( ( D=`builtin pwd`; F=$(date +$HOME/`sed "s,[/ ],#,g" <<< ${D/${HOME}/}`#-%F.tgz); tar --ignore-failed-read --transform "s,^${D%/*},`date +${D%/*}.%F`,S" -czPf "$F" "$D" &>/dev/null ) & )'
2010-11-18 06:24:34
User: AskApache
Functions: alias date tar

This is freaking sweet!!! Here is the full alias, (I didn't want to cause display problems on commandlinefu.com's homepage):

alias tarred='( ( D=`builtin pwd`; F=$(date +$HOME/`sed "s,[/ ],#,g" <<< ${D/${HOME}/}`#-%F.tgz); S=$SECONDS; tar --ignore-failed-read --transform "s,^${D%/*},`date +${D%/*}.%F`,S" -czPf "$"F "$D" && logger -s "Tarred $D to $F in $(($SECONDS-$S)) seconds" ) & )'

Creates a .tgz archive of whatever directory it is run from, in the background, detached from current shell so if you logout it will still complete. Also, you can run this as many times as you want, if the archive .tgz already exists, it just moves it to a numbered backup '--backup=numbered'. The coolest part of this is the transformation performed by tar and sed so that the archive file names are automatically created, and when you extract the archive file it is completely safe thanks to the transform command.

If you archive lets say /home/tombdigger/new-stuff-to-backup/ it will create the archive /home/#home#tombdigger#new-stuff-to-backup#-2010-11-18.tgz Then when you extract it, like tar -xvzf #home#tombdigger#new-stuff-to-backup#-2010-11-18.tgz instead of overwriting an existing /home/tombdigger/new-stuff-to-backup/ directory, it will extract to /home/tombdigger/new-stuff-to-backup.2010-11-18/

Basically, the tar archive filename is the PWD with all '/' replaced with '#', and the date is appended to the name so that multiple archives are easily managed. This example saves all archives to your $HOME/archive-name.tgz, but I have a $BKDIR variable with my backup location for each shell user, so I just replaced HOME with BKDIR in the alias.

So when I ran this in /opt/askapache/SOURCE/lockfile-progs-0.1.11/ the archive was created at /askapache-bk/#opt#askapache#SOURCE#lockfile-progs-0.1.11#-2010-11-18.tgz

Upon completion, uses the universal logger tool to output its completion to syslog and stderr (printed to your terminal), just remove that part if you don't want it, or just remove the '-s ' option from logger to keep the logs only in syslog and not on your terminal.

Here's how my syslog server recorded this..

2010-11-18T00:44:13-05:00 gravedigger.askapache.com ( [user] [notice] (logger:) Tarred /opt/askapache/SOURCE/lockfile-progs-0.1.11 to /askapache-bk/tarred/#opt#SOURCE#lockfile-progs-0.1.11#-2010-11-18.tgz in 4 seconds


Really this is very robust and foolproof, the only issues I ever have with it (I've been using this for years on my web servers) is if you run it in a directory and then a file changes in that directory, you get a warning message and your archive might have a problem for the changed file. This happens when running this in a logs directory, a temp dir, etc.. That's the only issue I've ever had, really nothing more than a heads up.


This is a simple alias, and very useful as it works on basically every linux box with semi-current tar and GNU coreutils, bash, and sed.. But if you want to customize it or pass parameters (like a dir to backup instead of pwd), check out this function I use.. this is what I created the alias from BTW, replacing my aa_status function with logger, and adding $SECONDS runtime instead of using tar's --totals

function tarred ()


local GZIP='--fast' PWD=${1:-`pwd`} F=$(date +${BKDIR}/%m-%d-%g-%H%M-`sed -u 's/[\/\ ]/#/g'

[[ ! -r "$PWD" ]] && echo "Bad permissions for $PWD" 1>&2 && return 2;

( ( tar --totals --ignore-failed-read --transform "s@^${PWD%/*}@`date [email protected]" -czPf $F $PWD && aa_status "Completed Tarp of $PWD to $F" ) & )


#From my .bash_profile http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html

alias sete='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/q;p"'
2010-11-17 23:58:01
User: AskApache
Functions: alias sed

Normally the bash builtin command 'set' displays all vars and functions. This just shows the vars. Useful if you want to see different output then env or declare or export.

Alias 'sete' shows sets variables

alias sete='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/q;p"'

Alias setf shows the functions.

alias setf='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/,\$p"'

Also see: http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/6899/print-all-environment-variables-including-hidden-ones

At the very least, some cool sed commands!

From my .bash_profile http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html

w3m -no-cookie http://m.espn.go.com/nfl/scoreboard?|sed 's/ Final/ : Final/g'|sed 's/ F\// : F\//g'|sed 's/, / : /g'|grep -i ':'
2010-11-15 01:18:19
Functions: grep sed
Tags: sed grep w3m

change the nfl in the url to mlb or nba to get those score/times as well

sunrise() { city=${1-Seattle}; w3m "google.com/search?q=sunrise:$city" | sed -r '1,/^\s*1\./d; /^\s*2\./,$d; /^$/d' ;}
2010-11-02 21:24:23
User: hackerb9
Functions: sed

Uses Google's "OneBox" to look up the sunrise in any city by name. If no city is specified, it defaults to Seattle. For the sunset time, you change the search query to "sunset", like so,


sunset() { city=${1-Seattle}; w3m "google.com/search?q=sunset:$city" | sed -r '1,/^\s*1\./d; /^\s*2\./,$d; /^$/d' ;}


"OneBox" is Google's term for that box that appears before the organic search results that has useful information that Google thinks you might be looking for (mathematical calculations, weather, currency conversions, and such). I'm not actually using OneBox correctly, but that's because I'm not sure that there is a "correctly". I looked for a command line API, but couldn't find one, so I settled on parsing stdout from the fantastic w3m web browser. I use the sed script to show only the first hit by deleting everything from the beginning of the file until it sees " 1." and then deleting everything from " 2." to the end of the file. Ugly and fragile, yes, but it works fine.


BUG1: w3m represents the picture of the sun rising, "weather_sunset-40.gif" as "[weat]" which is slightly confusing and probably should be removed.


BUG2: The output is more easily readable by a human, which means it's less useful for scripting.

for _a in {A..Z} {a..z};do _z=\${!${_a}*};for _i in `eval echo "${_z}"`;do echo -e "$_i: ${!_i}";done;done|cat -Tsv

This uses some tricks I found while reading the bash man page to enumerate and display all the current environment variables, including those not listed by the 'env' command which according to the bash docs are more for internal use by BASH. The main trick is the way bash will list all environment variable names when performing expansion on ${!A*}. Then the eval builtin makes it work in a loop.

I created a function for this and use it instead of env. (by aliasing env).

This is the function that given any parameters lists the variables that start with it. So 'aae B' would list all env variables starting wit B. And 'aae {A..Z} {a..z}' would list all variables starting with any letter of the alphabet. And 'aae TERM' would list all variables starting with TERM.

aae(){ local __a __i __z;for __a in "$@";do __z=\${!${__a}*};for __i in `eval echo "${__z}"`;do echo -e "$__i: ${!__i}";done;done; }

And my printenv replacement is:

alias env='aae {A..Z} {a..z} "_"|sort|cat -v 2>&1 | sed "s/\\^\\[/\\\\033/g"'

From: http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html

google docs list |awk 'BEGIN { FS = "," }; {print "\""$1"\""}'|sed s/^/google\ docs\ get\ /|awk ' {print $0,"."}'
2010-10-26 21:00:30
Functions: awk sed
Tags: sed awk googlecl

Create commands to download all of your Google docs to the current directory.

google picasa list-albums |awk 'BEGIN { FS = "," }; {print "\""$1"\""}'|sed s/^/google\ picasa\ get\ /|awk ' {print $0,"."}'
2010-10-26 08:35:41
Functions: awk sed
Tags: sed awk googlecl

Create commands to download all of your Picasaweb albums

Install Googlecl (http://code.google.com/p/googlecl/) and authenticate first.

wget -qO - http://i18n.counter.li.org/ | grep 'users registered' | sed 's/.*\<font size=7\>//g' | tr '\>' ' ' | sed 's/<br.*//g' | tr ' ' '\0'
shout() { curl -s "http://shoutkey.com/new?url=${1}" | sed -n "/<h1>/s/.*href=\"\([^\"]*\)\".*/\1/p" ;}
shout () { curl -s "http://shoutkey.com/new?url=$1" | sed -n 's/\<h1\>/\&/p' | sed 's/<[^>]*>//g;/</N;//b' ;}
2010-10-04 23:50:54
User: elfreak
Functions: sed

Just add this function to your .zshrc / .bashrc, and by typing "shout *URL*" you get a randomly chosen English word that ShoutKey.com uses to short your URL. You may now go to shoutkey.com/*output_word* and get redirected. The URL will be valid for 5 minutes.

(I've never used sed before, so I'll be quite glad if someone could straighten up the sed commands and combine them (perhaps also removing the whitespace). If so, I'll update it right away ;) )

googl () { curl -s -d "url=${1}" http://goo.gl/api/url | sed -n "s/.*:\"\([^\"]*\).*/\1\n/p" ;}
curl -s -d'&url=URL' http://goo.gl/api/url | sed -e 's/{"short_url":"//' -e 's/","added_to_history":false}/\n/'
2010-10-01 23:20:08
User: Soubsoub
Functions: sed

Use curl and sed to shorten an URL using goo.gl without any other api

check(){ curl -sI $1 | sed -n 's/Location: *//p';}
curl -s http://urlxray.com/display.php?url=http://tinyurl.com/demo-xray | grep -o '<title>.*</title>' | sed 's/<title>.*--> \(.*\)<\/title>/\1/g'
2010-09-30 10:25:18
User: karpoke
Functions: grep sed
Tags: sed grep curl

We can put this inside a function:

fxray() { curl -s http://urlxray.com/display.php?url="$1" | grep -o '<title>.*</title>' | sed 's/<title>.*--> \(.*\)<\/title>/\1/g'; }; fxray http://tinyurl.com/demo-xray
curl -Is slashdot.org | sed -n '5p' | sed 's/^X-//'
macchanger --random interface
2010-09-26 11:12:31
User: JulianTosh
Tags: sed openssl

macchanger will allow you to change either 1) mfg code, 2) host id, or 3) all of the above. Use this at wifi hotspots to help reduce profiling.

openssl rand -hex 6 | sed 's/\(..\)/\1:/g; s/.$//'
2010-09-23 02:31:12
User: putnamhill
Functions: sed
Tags: sed xxd openssl

Use the following variation for FreeBSD:

openssl rand 6 | xxd -p | sed 's/\(..\)/\1:/g; s/:$//'
for i in $(find . -iname '*.html'); do sed '/String/d' $i > $i-tmp; mv $i-tmp $i; done
2010-09-21 14:35:18
User: cadu
Functions: find mv sed
Tags: sed find

Search in all html files and remove the lines that 'String' is found.

grep -ZlRr -e BAD_SCRIPT_LINE * |xargs -0 sed -i 's/BAD_SCRIPT_LINE//g'
2010-08-30 22:12:57
User: homoludens
Functions: grep sed xargs

recursive find and replace. important stuff are grep -Z and zargs -0 which add zero byte after file name so sed can work even with file names with spaces.

sed 's/^\s*//;s/\s*$//' -i file
2010-08-24 05:03:48
User: kaedenn
Functions: sed
Tags: sed

Sometimes those files have more than just spaces and tabs around them. Plus, this is just a little shorter.

man $(ls /bin | sed -n $((RANDOM % $(ls /bin | wc -l) + 1))p)
2010-08-20 17:15:33
User: putnamhill
Functions: ls man sed wc
Tags: man sed ls wc random

Great idea camocrazed. Another twist would be to display a different man page based on the day of the year. The following will continuously cycle through all man pages:

man $(ls /bin | sed -n $(($(date +%j) % $(ls /bin | wc -l)))p)
dir="/bin"; man $(ls $dir |sed -n "$(echo $(( $RANDOM % $(ls $dir |wc -l | awk "{ print $1; }" ) + 1 )) )p")
2010-08-20 16:31:50
User: camocrazed
Functions: dir ls man sed
Tags: man sed awk echo wc

Broaden your knowledge of the utilities available to you in no particular order whatsoever! Then use that knowledge to create more nifty one-liners that you can post here. =p

Takes a random number modulo the number of files in $dir, prints the filename corresponding to that number, and passes it as an argument to man.

ls | sed 's/.*/"&"/'
2010-08-17 15:38:51
User: putnamhill
Functions: ls sed
Tags: sed ls

Looks like you're stuck with sed if your ls doesn't have a -Q option.

sed -i 's/[ \t]*$//' file
2010-07-28 11:41:34
User: yohananov
Functions: sed
Tags: sed

The command removes all space and/or tabulation characters preceding new line

echo -n "text" | od -A n -t x1 |sed 's/ /\\x/g'
2010-07-14 15:31:36
User: camocrazed
Functions: echo od sed
Tags: sed hex ascii od

If you're going to use od, here's how to suppress the labels at the beginning. Also, it doesn't output the \x, hence the sed command at the end. Remove it for space separated hex values instead