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Commands tagged bash from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged bash - 695 results
newest () { candidate=''; for i in "$@"; do [[ -f $i ]] || continue; [[ -z $candidate || $i -nt $candidate ]] && candidate="$i"; done; echo "$candidate"; }
2009-10-29 17:35:01
User: johnraff
Functions: echo
Tags: bash files
1

Usage example:

newest Desktop/*

Replace "-nt" with "-ot" for oldest.

Run

shopt -s dotglob

first to include dotfiles.

echo {001..5}
2009-10-29 16:25:44
User: nanard06
Functions: echo
Tags: bash
5

bash2 : for X in $(seq 1 5); do printf "%03g " "$X";done

bash3 : for X in {1..5}; do printf "%03g " "$X";done

bash4 : echo {001..5}

shopt -s cdable_vars
2009-10-26 22:10:56
User: haivu
Tags: bash shell
4

Usage:

mydir=/very/long/path/to/a/dir cd mydir

I often need to cd where no man wants to go (i.e. long path). by enabling the shell option cdable_vars, I can tell cd to assume the destination is the name of a variable.

ssh-keygen -l -f /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub && ssh-keygen -l -f /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key.pub
2009-10-26 17:52:41
Functions: ssh ssh-keygen
Tags: ssh bash
4

Get your server's fingerprints to give to users to verify when they ssh in. Publickey locations may vary by distro. Fingerprints should be provided out-of-band.

declare -F | sed 's/^declare -f //'
curl -fs brandx.jp.sme 2&>1 > /dev/null || echo brandx.jp.sme ping failed | mail -ne -s'Server unavailable' joker@jp.co.uk
2009-10-23 14:29:06
User: mccalni
Functions: echo mail ping
Tags: bash ping curl mail
2

Alternative to the ping check if your firewall blocks ping. Uses curl to get the landing page silently, or fail with an error code. You can probably do this with wget as well.

declare -f [ function_name ]
set | fgrep " ()"
2009-10-22 17:48:54
User: haivu
Functions: fgrep set
1

If you issue the "set" command, you'll see a list of variables and functions. This command displays just those functions' names.

sed -n '/^function h\(\)/,/^}/p' script.sh
2009-10-19 07:55:35
User: haivu
Functions: sed
Tags: bash sed
8

I often need to extract a function from a bash script and this command will do it.

argv=("$@"); rest=${argv[@]:1}; less -JMN +"/$1" `grep -l $1 $rest`
2009-10-16 17:36:16
User: lassel
Functions: less
Tags: bash less log grep
1

Really useful way to combine less and grep while browsing log files.

I can't figure out how to make it into a true oneliner so paste it into a script file called lgrep:

Usage:

lgrep searchfor file1 [file2 file3]

Advanced example (grep for an Exception in logfiles that starts with qc):

lgrep Exception $(find . -name "qc*.log")

PROMPT_COMMAND=command
2009-10-15 06:01:18
User: haivu
Tags: bash prompt
1

For example, if you are the type who type ls very often, then

PROMPT_COMMAND=ls

will ls after every command you issue.

h() { if [ -z "$1" ]; then history; else history | grep "$@"; fi; }
2009-10-13 21:49:37
User: haivu
Functions: grep
Tags: bash grep
6

Place this in your .bash_profile and you can use it two different ways. If you issue 'h' on its own, then it acts like the history command. If you issue:

h cd

Then it will display all the history with the word 'cd'

ping -q -c1 -w3 brandx.jp.sme 2&>1 /dev/null || echo brandx.jp.sme ping failed | mail -ne -s'Server unavailable' joker@jp.co.uk
2009-10-13 14:13:04
User: mccalni
Functions: echo mail ping
Tags: bash ping mail
6

Joker wants an email if the Brand X server is down. Set a cron job for every 5 mins with this line and he gets an email when/if a ping takes longer than 3 seconds.

( trap '' 1; ( nice -n 19 sleep 2h && command rm -v -rf /garbage/ &>/dev/null && trap 1 ) & )
2

Check out the usage of 'trap', you may not have seen this one much. This command provides a way to schedule commands at certain times by running them after sleep finishes sleeping. In the example 'sleep 2h' sleeps for 2 hours. What is cool about this command is that it uses the 'trap' builtin bash command to remove the SIGHUP trap that normally exits all processes started by the shell upon logout. The 'trap 1' command then restores the normal SIGHUP behaviour.

It also uses the 'nice -n 19' command which causes the sleep process to be run with minimal CPU.

Further, it runs all the commands within the 2nd parentheses in the background. This is sweet cuz you can fire off as many of these as you want. Very helpful for shell scripts.

sed -i '19375 s/^/#/' file
2009-10-07 17:50:40
User: TuxOtaku
Functions: sed
5

This will comment out a line, specified by line number, in a given file.

env PS4=' ${BASH_SOURCE}:${LINENO}(${FUNCNAME[0]}) ' sh -x /etc/profile
su -- user
2009-09-28 04:23:43
User: matthewdavis
Functions: su
Tags: bash root su
13

I've used this a number of times troubleshooting user permissions. Instead of just 'su - user' you can throw another hyphen and stay in the original directory.

md () { mkdir -p "$@" && cd "$@"; }
2009-09-24 16:09:19
User: drewk
Functions: cd mkdir
28

How often do you make a directory (or series of directories) and then change into it to do whatever? 99% of the time that is what I do.

This BASH function 'md' will make the directory path then immediately change to the new directory. By using the 'mkdir -p' switch, the intermediate directories are created as well if they do not exist.

grep -RnisI <pattern> *
2009-09-22 15:09:43
User: birnam
Functions: grep
Tags: bash grep
35

This is how I typically grep. -R recurse into subdirectories, -n show line numbers of matches, -i ignore case, -s suppress "doesn't exist" and "can't read" messages, -I ignore binary files (technically, process them as having no matches, important for showing inverted results with -v)

I have grep aliased to "grep --color=auto" as well, but that's a matter of formatting not function.

`pbpaste` | pbcopy
2009-09-21 23:10:11
User: drewk
Tags: Os X bash osx pipes
7

The backtick operator, in general, will execute the text inside the backticks. On OS X, the pbpaste command will put the contents of the OS X clipboard to STDOUT. So if you put backticks around pbpaste, the text from the OS X clipboard is executed.

If you add the pipeline | pbcopy, the output from executing the command on the clipboard is placed back on the clipboard.

Note: make sure the clipboard is text only.

find $HOME -type f -print0 | perl -0 -wn -e '@f=<>; foreach $file (@f){ (@el)=(stat($file)); push @el, $file; push @files,[ @el ];} @o=sort{$a->[9]<=>$b->[9]} @files; for $i (0..$#o){print scalar localtime($o[$i][9]), "\t$o[$i][-1]\n";}'|tail
2009-09-21 22:11:16
User: drewk
Functions: find perl
3

This pipeline will find, sort and display all files based on mtime. This could be done with find | xargs, but the find | xargs pipeline will not produce correct results if the results of find are greater than xargs command line buffer. If the xargs buffer fills, xargs processes the find results in more than one batch which is not compatible with sorting.

Note the "-print0" on find and "-0" switch for perl. This is the equivalent of using xargs. Don't you love perl?

Note that this pipeline can be easily modified to any data produced by perl's stat operator. eg, you could sort on size, hard links, creation time, etc. Look at stat and just change the '9' to what you want. Changing the '9' to a '7' for example will sort by file size. A '3' sorts by number of links....

Use head and tail at the end of the pipeline to get oldest files or most recent. Use awk or perl -wnla for further processing. Since there is a tab between the two fields, it is very easy to process.

declare -ax CC; for i in `seq 0 7`;do ii=$(($i+7)); CC[$i]="\033[1;3${i}m"; CC[$ii]="\033[0;3${i}m"; done
1

I was looking for the fastest way to create a bunch of ansi escapes for use in echo -e commands throughout a lot of my shell scripts. This is what I came up with, and I actually stick that loop command in a function and then just call that at the beginning of my scripts to not clutter the environment with these escape codes, which can wreck havok on my terminal when I'm dumping the environment. More of a cool way to store escape ansi codes in an array. You can echo them like:

echo -e "${CC[15]}This text is black on bright green background."

I usually just use with a function:

# setup_colors - Adds colors to array CC for global use # 30 - Black, 31 - Red, 32 - Green, 33 - Yellow, 34 - Blue, 35 - Magenta, 36 - Blue/Green, 37 - White, 30/42 - Black on Green '30\;42' function setup_colors(){ declare -ax CC; for i in `seq 0 7`;do ii=$(($i+7));CC[$i]="\033[1;3${i}m";CC[$ii]="\033[0;3${i}m";done;CC[15]="\033[30;42m"; export R='\033[0;00m';export X="\033[1;37m"; }; export -f setup_colors

CC[15] has a background of bright green which is why it is separate. R resets everything, and X is my default font of bright white.

CC[15]="\033[30;42m"; R=$'\033[0;00m'; X=$'\033[1;37m'

Those are just my favorite colors that I often use in my scripts. You can test which colors by running

for i in $(seq 0 $((${#CC[@]} - 1))); do echo -e "${CC[$i]}[$i]\n$R"; done

See: http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html for more usage.

ss -p
2009-09-19 21:55:01
User: Escher
46

for one line per process:

ss -p | cat

for established sockets only:

ss -p | grep STA

for just process names:

ss -p | cut -f2 -sd\"

or

ss -p | grep STA | cut -f2 -d\"
seq -s " " -w 3 20
lsof -P -i -n | cut -f 1 -d " "| uniq | tail -n +2