commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.
If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/
You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.
First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.
Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
The command line can be accessed by using the cmd command which will open a command window with a DOS interface. The command line is a throw back to the early days of computing before there was a Windows interface.
#4345 also works under windows
This is a command to be used inside of MS-DOS batch files to check existence of commands as preconditions before actual batch processing can be started. If the command is found, batch script continues execution. If not, a message is printed on screen, script then waits for user pressing a key and exits.
An error message of the command itself is suppressed for clarity purpose.
Get windows version with servicepack and hostname
Usually the MS-DOS cmd.exe processes in the whole FOR loop as one command and expands each var like %varname% in before (except the loop var of course).
This command enables expansion of other vars than only the loop var during the FOR loop. The syntax of the var to expand is then !varname! inside the FOR loop.
to end the setlocal command.
E.g. (only works from batch files, not from commandline directly):
FOR %%A IN (*) DO (
Loops over array of a system var, splits its values and puts the values into %A, %B, %C, %D, and so on.
Create array before, like
Be sure to replace %A, %B, etc. with %%A, %%B, etc. when using this from inside of batch files.
This command loops over all indexes of the system variable array ARRAY and puts its content into %A.
Create this array before, e.g. by
For using inside of a batch file, write %%A instead of %A.
Aside from curl one will need iconv windows binary since windows lacks a native utf-8 cli interface. In my case I need a proxy in China and iconv to convert gbk status string into utf-8. GnuWin32 is a good choice with loads of coreutils natively ported to Windows
"FOR /f" is the solution to pass iconv output to curl.
This will save your open windows to a file (~/.windows).
To start those applications:
cat ~/.windows | while read line; do $line &; done
Should work on any EWMH/NetWM compatible X Window Manager.
If you use DWM or another Window Manager not using EWMH or NetWM try this:
xwininfo -root -children | grep '^ ' | grep -v children | grep -v '<unknown>' | sed -n 's/^ *\(0x[0-9a-f]*\) .*/\1/p' | uniq | while read line; do xprop -id $line _NET_WM_PID | sed -n 's/.* = \([0-9]*\)$/\1/p'; done | uniq -u | grep -v '^$' | while read line; do ps -o cmd= $line; done > ~/.windows
documents all active ips on a subnet and saves to txt file.
Control (stop, start, restart) a Windows Service from a Linux machine which has the `net` command (provided by samba).
Useful for if you want to create a log file every now and again or wish to record file names with date and time. You can't use the / for file names. so this replaces the / with a -
The above command will open a Remote Desktop connection from command line, authenticate using default username and password (great for virtual machines; in the exampe above it's administrator:password), create a shared folder between your machine and the other machine and configure resolution to best fit your desktop (I don't like full screen because it make the desktop panels to disappear). The command will run in the background, and expect to receive parameters. You should enter hostname or IP address as a parameter to the command, and can also override the defaults parameters with your own.
It will only work if the service NETSEND in the Windows machine is enabled.
This command defragment the SQLite databases found in the home folder of the current Windows user.
This is usefull to speed up Firefox startup.
The executable sqlite3.exe must be located in PATH or in the current folder.
In a script use:
for /f "delims==" %%a in (' dir "%USERPROFILE%\*.sqlite" /s/b ') do echo vacuum;|"sqlite3.exe" "%%a"
Shows how many Windows and Linux devices are on your network.
May add support for others, but that's all that are on my network right now.
Bulk downloads the comic strip JPG files for the adult cartoon Savitabhabhi, storing each set in it's own folder. Requires manual removal of "non-image" files that maybe created because each series may differ in length. The command can be easily adapted for UNIX flavours. You need to have cURL in your path.
Interacting with Active Directory to add users from one group to another group.
This prevents from having to deal with long DNs and copying, pasting problems. It executes once per returned object.
I spent a bunch of time yesterday looking for the xsel package in Cygwin- turns out you can use the /dev/clipboard device to do the same thing.
This will issue a shutdown command to the Windows machine. username must be an administrator on the Windows machine. Requires samba-common package installed. Other relevant commands are:
net rpc shutdown -r : reboot the Windows machine
net rpc abortshutdown : abort shutdown of the Windows machine
to show all relevant commands
This command is useful when you want to know what process is responsible for a certain GUI application and what command you need to issue to launch it in terminal.