commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.
Subscribe to the feed for:
Finds comments in jpg files, but I can't figure out how to exclude (in output) files without comments.
Discovering all executables on your system that can be run as another user, especially root, is critical for system security. The above command will find those files with have SUID or SGID bits set and are owned by the root user or group.
This is a simple case of recursing through all directories, adding the '.bak' extension to every file. Of course, the 'cp $file $file.bak' could be any code you need to apply to your recursion, including tests, other functions, creating variables, doing math, etc. Simple and clean recursion.
Useful mainly for debugging or troubleshooting an application or system, such as X11, Apache, Bind, DHCP and others. Another useful switch that can be combined with -mmin, -mtime and so forth is -daystart. For example, to find files that were modified in the /etc directory only yesterday:
sudo find /etc -daystart -mtime 1 -type f
* Adjust the find command to your own filters.
* The -P flag forces to keep absolute paths in the tarball, so that you can be sure that the exact same file hierarchy will be created on the second machine.
copies all files from the source disk / (skipping boundaries of mouted -in volumes) to /mnt/mydisk. Logical links are being preserved as well as devices, pipes etc. This can copy a MacOS X or Linux volume and keep it bootable. Note: its not suited to copy files with MacOS 9 style resources.
Will search recursively and output the searchResult.txt in the same folder you are located.
Find files that are older than x days in the working directory and list them. This will recurse all the sub-directories inside the working directory.
By changing the value for -mtime, you can adjust the time and by replacing the ls command with, say, rm, you can remove those files if you wish to.
Remove all text backup files.
This command is somewhat similar to 'nice', but constrains I/O usage rather than CPU usage. In particular, the '-c3' flag tells the OS to only allow the process to do I/O when nothing else is pending. This dramatically increases the responsiveness of the rest of the system if the process is doing heavy I/O.
There's also a '-p' flag, to set the priority of an already-running process.
If your CVS server has moved, here's a way to update your CVS Root files throughout your code tree without checking out a new copy of your files.