Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Hide

Credits

Commands using head from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using head - 246 results
cut -d\ -f 1 ~/.bash_history | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 10 | sed 's/.*/ &/g'
curl http://www.reddit.com/r/wallpapers.rss | grep -Eo 'http:[^&]+jpg' | head -1 | xargs feh --bg-seamless
2010-03-27 00:08:40
Functions: grep head xargs
4

You'll need "feh" to set the background from the commandline. Install with "apt-get install feh"

Thanks to the Redditors on this thread: http://www.reddit.com/r/linux/comments/bira4/is_there_a_linux_version_of_this_preferably_a/

pronounce(){ wget -qO- $(wget -qO- "http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/$@" | grep 'soundUrl' | head -n 1 | sed 's|.*soundUrl=\([^&]*\)&.*|\1|' | sed 's/%3A/:/g;s/%2F/\//g') | mpg123 -; }
alias busy='my_file=$(find /usr/include -type f | sort -R | head -n 1); my_len=$(wc -l $my_file | awk "{print $1}"); let "r = $RANDOM % $my_len" 2>/dev/null; vim +$r $my_file'
2010-03-09 21:48:41
User: busybee
Functions: alias awk find head sort vim wc
22

This makes an alias for a command named 'busy'. The 'busy' command opens a random file in /usr/include to a random line with vim. Drop this in your .bash_aliases and make sure that file is initialized in your .bashrc.

git log -g --pretty=oneline | grep '}: commit' | awk '{print $1}' | head -1 | xargs git checkout -f
TOTAL_RAM=`free | head -n 2 | tail -n 1 | awk '{ print $2 }'`; PROC_RSS=`ps axo rss,comm | grep [h]ttpd | awk '{ TOTAL += $1 } END { print TOTAL }'`; PROC_PCT=`echo "scale=4; ( $PROC_RSS/$TOTAL_RAM ) * 100" | bc`; echo "RAM Used by HTTP: $PROC_PCT%"
2010-02-26 20:29:45
User: d34dh0r53
Functions: awk echo grep head tail
6

Change the name of the process and what is echoed to suit your needs. The brackets around the h in the grep statement cause grep to skip over "grep httpd", it is the equivalent of grep -v grep although more elegant.

newest () { DIR=${1:-'.'}; CANDIDATE=`find $DIR -type f|head -n1`; while [[ ! -z $CANDIDATE ]]; do BEST=$CANDIDATE; CANDIDATE=`find $DIR -newer "$BEST" -type f|head -n1`; done; echo "$BEST"; }
2010-02-04 12:40:44
User: shadycraig
Functions: echo head
1

Works recusivley in the specified dir or '.' if none given.

Repeatedly calls 'find' to find a newer file, when no newer files exist you have the newest.

In this case 'newest' means most recently modified. To find the most recently created change -newer to -cnewer.

du -s * | sort -nr | head | cut -f2 | parallel -k du -sh
2010-01-28 12:59:14
Functions: cut du head sort
Tags: du xargs parallel
-2

If a directory name contains space xargs will do the wrong thing. Parallel https://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/parallel/ deals better with that.

paste -d "." <(curl http://.../dist.female.first http://.../dist.male.first | cut -d " " -f 1 | sort -uR) <(curl http://..../dist.all.last | cut -d " " -f 1 | sort -R | head -5163) | tr "[:upper:]" "[:lower:]" | sed 's/$/@test.domain/g'
2010-01-21 19:52:28
User: connorsy
Functions: cut head paste sed sort tr
0

** Replace the ... in URLS with:

www.census.gov/genealogy/www/data/1990surnames

Couldn't fit in 256

Created on Ubuntu 9.10 but nothing out of the ordinary, should work anywhere with a little tweaking. 5163 is the number of unique first names you get when combine the male and female first name files from. http://www.census.gov/genealogy/www/data/1990surnames/names_files.html

ifconfig | grep -B 1 "inet addr:" | head -1 | cut -d" " -f1
2010-01-04 23:02:57
User: jasonwalsh
Functions: cut grep head ifconfig
-2

Get the line containing "inet addr:" and the line before that, get down to only the first line, and then get the first word on that line, which should be the interface.

tr -dc 'a-zA-Z0-9' < /dev/urandom | head -c10
2009-12-01 14:22:20
User: Phil
Functions: head tr
-1

A slightly shorter version. Also doesn't put a return character at the end of the password

cat *.c | { printf "se te du\nplot '-' t '' w dots\n"; tr '[[:upper:]]' '[[:lower:]]' | tr -s [[:punct:][:space:]] '\n' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 100 | awk '{print $1}END{print "e"}'; } | gnuplot
2009-11-20 14:53:26
User: taliver
Functions: awk cat head printf sort tr uniq
5

Uses the dumb terminal option in gnuplot to plot a graph of frequencies. In this case, we are looking at a frequency analysis of words in all of the .c files.

mkpasswd() { head -c $(($1)) /dev/urandom | uuencode - | sed -n 's/.//;2s/\(.\{'$1'\}\).*/\1/p' ;}
2009-11-19 14:27:52
User: taliver
Functions: head sed uuencode
-3

This uses urandom to produce a random password. The random values are uuencoded to ensure only printable characters. This only works for a number of characters between 1 and 60.

for i in *.avi; do echo -n "$i:";mediainfo $i|head | grep PlayTime | cut -d: -f2 ; done | sort -t: -k2 -r
2009-11-09 12:42:20
User: yooreck
Functions: cut echo grep head sort
0

Similar but using mediainfo instead of totem-something

ps -eo pcpu,user,pid,cmd | sort -r | head -5
shuf -i 1-49 | head -n6 | sort -n| xargs
2009-10-22 12:54:08
User: ioggstream
Functions: head sort
5

note the xargs at the end

echo $(shuf -i 1-49 | head -n6 | sort -n)
for f in *.html; do head -n -1 $f > temp; cat temp > $f; rm temp; done
2009-10-12 12:49:18
User: Sunng
Functions: cat head rm
-1

Some malicious program appends a iframe or script tag to you web pages on some server, use this command to clean them in batch.

head -c10 <(echo $RANDOM$RANDOM$RANDOM)
2009-10-09 15:09:02
User: jgc
Functions: echo head
Tags: HEAD random
0

Makes use of $RANDOM environment variable.

tr -c -d 0-9 < /dev/urandom | head -c 10
head -c4 /dev/urandom | od -N4 -tu4 | sed -ne '1s/.* //p'
find ~/Music -daystart -mtime -60 -name *mp3 -printf "%T@\t%p\n" | sort -f -r | head -n 30 | cut -f 2
awk '{print $1}' /var/log/httpd/access_log | sort | uniq -c | sort -rnk1 | head -n 10
for x in `seq 0 25 $(curl "http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse"|grep "Terminal - All commands" |perl -pe 's/.+(\d+),(\d+).+/$1$2/'|head -n1)`; do curl "http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse/sort-by-votes/plaintext/$x" ; done > a.txt
2009-08-27 11:02:53
User: SuperFly
Functions: grep head perl
5

'jot' does not come with most *nix distros, so we need to use seq to make it work. This version tested good on Fedora 11.

for x in `jot - 0 \`curl "http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse"|grep "Terminal - All commands" |perl -pe 's/.+(\d+),(\d+).+/$1$2/'|head -n1\` 25`; do curl "http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse/sort-by-votes/plaintext/$x" ; done >a.txt
2009-08-25 21:57:15
Functions: grep head perl
0

This is an extension of a previous command by satyavvd on 2009-07-23 12:04:02, but this one grabs the whole archive. Hard coded numbers in previous script capped number of commands that could be fetched. This one grabs them all regardless of how big the archive gets.