Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

Commands using netstat from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using netstat - 119 results
p=$(netstat -nate 2>/dev/null | awk '/LISTEN/ {gsub (/.*:/, "", $4); if ($4 == "4444") {print $8}}'); for i in $(ls /proc/|grep "^[1-9]"); do [[ $(ls -l /proc/$i/fd/|grep socket|sed -e 's|.*\[\(.*\)\]|\1|'|grep $p) ]] && cat /proc/$i/cmdline && echo; done
2009-04-30 12:39:48
User: j0rn
Functions: awk cat grep ls netstat sed
-5

Ok so it's rellay useless line and I sorry for that, furthermore that's nothing optimized at all...

At the beginning I didn't managed by using netstat -p to print out which process was handling that open port 4444, I realize at the end I was not root and security restrictions applied ;p

It's nevertheless a (good ?) way to see how ps(tree) works, as it acts exactly the same way by reading in /proc

So for a specific port, this line returns the calling command line of every thread that handle the associated socket

netstat -an | grep ESTABLISHED | awk '{print $5}' | awk -F: '{print $1}' | sort | uniq -c | awk '{ printf("%s\t%s\t",$2,$1) ; for (i = 0; i < $1; i++) {printf("*")}; print "" }'
2009-04-27 22:02:19
User: knassery
Functions: awk grep netstat sort uniq
49

Written for linux, the real example is how to produce ascii text graphs based on a numeric value (anything where uniq -c is useful is a good candidate).

netstat -ntu | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2009-03-28 21:02:26
User: tiagofischer
Functions: awk cut netstat sort uniq
14

Here is a command line to run on your server if you think your server is under attack. It prints our a list of open connections to your server and sorts them by amount.

BSD Version:

netstat -na |awk '{print $5}' |cut -d "." -f1,2,3,4 |sort |uniq -c |sort -nr
netstat -atn | awk ' /tcp/ {printf("%s\n",substr($4,index($4,":")+1,length($4) )) }' | sed -e "s/://g" | sort -rnu | awk '{array [$1] = $1} END {i=32768; again=1; while (again == 1) {if (array[i] == i) {i=i+1} else {print i; again=0}}}'
2009-03-27 20:38:43
User: mpb
Functions: awk netstat sed sort
4

Some commands (such as netcat) have a port option but how can you know which ports are unused?

netstat -an | grep -i listen
netstat -antuwp | egrep "(^[^t])|(^tcp.*LISTEN)"
netstat -tap | grep mysql
netstat -alnp | grep ::80
netstat -an | grep -i listen
2009-02-19 19:27:49
User: scubacuda
Functions: grep netstat
-2

From 'man netstat'

"netstat -i | -I interface [-abdnt] [-f address_family] [-M core] [-N system]

Show the state of all network interfaces or a single interface

which have been auto-configured (interfaces statically configured

into a system, but not located at boot time are not shown). An

asterisk (``*'') after an interface name indicates that the

interface is ``down''. If -a is also present, multicast

addresses currently in use are shown for each Ethernet interface

and for each IP interface address. Multicast addresses are shown

on separate lines following the interface address with which they

are associated. If -b is also present, show the number of bytes

in and out. If -d is also present, show the number of dropped

packets. If -t is also present, show the contents of watchdog

timers."

lsof -p $(netstat -ltpn|awk '$4 ~ /:80$/ {print substr($7,1,index($7,"/")-1)}')| awk '$9 ~ /access.log$/ {print $9| "sort -u"}'
2009-02-19 16:11:54
User: rjamestaylor
Functions: awk netstat
2

Ever logged into a *nix box and needed to know which webserver is running and where all the current access_log files are? Run this one liner to find out. Works for Apache or Lighttpd as long as CustomLog name is somewhat standard. HINT: works great as input into for loop, like this:

for i in `lsof -p $(netstat -ltpn|awk '$4 ~ /:80$/ {print substr($7,1,index($7,"/")-1)}')| awk '$9 ~ /access.log$/ {print $9| "sort -u"}'` ; do echo $i; done

Very useful for triage on unfamiliar servers!

netstat -alpn | grep :80 | awk '{print $4}' |awk -F: '{print $(NF-1)}' |sort | uniq -c | sort -n
netstat -putona
2009-02-16 19:14:35
User: starchox
Functions: netstat
6

-p PID and name of the program

-u on a UDP port.

-t also TCP ports

-o networking timer

-n numeric IP addresses (don't resolve them)

-a all sockets

netstat -ntu | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n | tail
2009-02-16 15:48:27
User: TuxOtaku
Functions: awk cut netstat sort uniq
2

This command does a tally of concurrent active connections from single IPs and prints out those IPs that have the most active concurrent connections. VERY useful in determining the source of a DoS or DDoS attack.

netstat -anl | grep :80 | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d ":" -f 1 | uniq -c | sort -n | grep -c IPHERE
2009-02-16 08:54:08
User: nullrouter
Functions: awk cut grep netstat sort uniq
3

This will tell you who has the most Apache connections by IP (replace IPHERE with the actual IP you wish to check). Or if you wish, remove | grep -c IPHERE for the full list.

netstat -pant 2> /dev/null | grep SYN_ | awk '{print $5;}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n | tail -20
2009-02-16 08:49:38
3

List top 20 IP from which TCP connection is in SYN_RECV state.

Useful on web servers to detect a syn flood attack.

Replace SYN_ with ESTA to find established connections

netstat -anp |grep 'tcp\|udp' | awk '{print $5}' | sed s/::ffff:// | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
netstat -plunt
2009-02-06 06:04:32
Functions: netstat
15

-p Tell me the name of the program and it's PID

-l that is listening

-u on a UDP port.

-n Give me numeric IP addresses (don't resolve them)

-t oh, also TCP ports

sudo netstat -punta
netstat -ant | awk '{print $NF}' | grep -v '[a-z]' | sort | uniq -c