What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

UpGuard checks and validates configurations for every major OS, network device, and cloud provider.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Commands using printf from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using printf - 166 results
set-proxy () { P=webproxy:1234; DU="fred"; read -p "username[$DU]:" USER; printf "%b"; UN=${USER:-$DU}; read -s -p "password:" PASS; printf "%b" "\n"; export http_proxy="http://${UN}:${PASS}@$P/"; export ftp_proxy="http://${UN}:${PASS}@$P/"; }
2010-02-04 13:12:59
User: shadycraig
Functions: export printf read set

Prompts the user for username and password, that are then exported to http_proxy for use by wget, yum etc

Default user, webproxy and port are used.

Using this script prevent the cleartext user and pass being in your bash_history and on-screen

printf "%d\n" \0x64
printf "%50s\n"|tr ' ' -
2010-01-07 08:49:46
User: rodolfoap
Functions: printf tr

Better -and faster- using bash printf.

printf "\e[8;70;180;t"
2010-01-07 05:58:16
User: jearsh
Functions: printf

Replace 70 with the desired height.

Replace 180 with the desired width.

I put it in my bashrc, because by default my terminal is too small.

p(){ printf "\033[%d;%dH\033[4%dm \033[m" $((RANDOM%LINES+1)) $((RANDOM%COLUMNS+1)) $((RANDOM%8)); }; clear;while :;do p; sleep .001;done
COL=$(( $(tput cols) / 2 )); clear; tput setaf 2; while :; do tput cup $((RANDOM%COL)) $((RANDOM%COL)); printf "%$((RANDOM%COL))s" $((RANDOM%2)); done
printf "%s\n" !(pattern) ## ksh, or bash with shopt -s extglob
2009-11-26 14:09:56
User: cfajohnson
Functions: bash printf
Tags: ls grep

There's no need for ls or grep; printf is builtin to most modern shells

printf $(echo -n $1 | sed 's/\\/\\\\/g;s/\(%\)\([0-9a-fA-F][0-9a-fA-F]\)/\\x\2/g')
2009-11-25 04:27:39
User: infinull
Functions: echo printf sed

My version uses printf and command substitution ($()) instead of echo -e and xargs, this is a few less chars, but not real substantive difference.

Also supports lowercase hex letters and a backslash (\) will make it through unescaped

printf "%s\n" .*
2009-11-23 18:07:18
User: cfajohnson
Functions: printf
Tags: dotfiles

In most modern shells, printf is a builtin command.

printf "%s\n" ${PATH//:/\/* }
printf "%s\n" .*
cat *.c | { printf "se te du\nplot '-' t '' w dots\n"; tr '[[:upper:]]' '[[:lower:]]' | tr -s [[:punct:][:space:]] '\n' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 100 | awk '{print $1}END{print "e"}'; } | gnuplot
2009-11-20 14:53:26
User: taliver
Functions: awk cat head printf sort tr uniq

Uses the dumb terminal option in gnuplot to plot a graph of frequencies. In this case, we are looking at a frequency analysis of words in all of the .c files.

export I=$(date +%s); watch -t -n 1 'T=$(date +%s);E=$(($T-$I));hours=$((E / 3600)) ; seconds=$((E % 3600)) ; minutes=$((seconds / 60)) ; seconds=$((seconds % 60)) ; echo $(printf "%02d:%02d:%02d" $hours $minutes $seconds) | toilet -f shadow'
2009-10-23 07:56:30
User: m33600
Functions: date echo export printf watch

already described on the other two versions, this one uses ascii characters on game style to display elapsed time.

export I=$(date +%s); watch -t -n 1 'T=$(date +%s);E=$(($T-$I));hours=$((E / 3600)) ; seconds=$((E % 3600)) ; minutes=$((seconds / 60)) ; seconds=$((seconds % 60)) ; echo $(printf "%02d:%02d:%02d" $hours $minutes $seconds) | osd_cat -o 20 -d 1 -p bottom'
2009-10-23 07:47:11
User: m33600
Functions: date echo export printf watch

Variation of the theme, this one blinks in low profile on top level of X, ie, it is visible, indeed small.

Try changing fonts and sizes of osd_cat

export I=$(date +%s); watch -t -n 1 'T=$(date +%s);E=$(($T-$I));hours=$((E / 3600)) ; seconds=$((E % 3600)) ; minutes=$((seconds / 60)) ; seconds=$((seconds % 60)) ; echo $(printf "%02d:%02d:%02d" $hours $minutes $seconds)'
2009-10-23 07:31:44
User: m33600
Functions: date echo export printf watch

Works on real time clock, unix time based, decrementing the actual time from initial time saved in an environment variable exported to child process inside watch

Shows elapsed time from start of script in hh:mm:ss format

Non afected by system slow down due to the use of date.

ord() { printf "%d\n" "'$1"; }
2009-10-17 22:02:52
User: zude
Functions: printf

printf treats first char after single ' as numeric equivalent

printf "%d\n" "'A" "'B"
chr() { printf \\$(printf %o $1); }
chr () { printf \\$(($1/64*100+$1%64/8*10+$1%8)); }
2009-10-15 07:01:54
User: dennisw
Functions: printf

I've corrected the function. My octal conversion formula was completely wrong. Thanks to pgas at http://mywiki.wooledge.org/BashFAQ/071 for setting me straight. The new function is from pgas and is very fast.

(printf "PERMISSIONS LINKS OWNER GROUP SIZE MONTH DAY HH:MM PROG-NAME\n" \ ; ls -l | sed 1d) | column -t
cat file.txt | while read line; do printf "%7.2f -> %7.2f\n" $line; done
find -type f -name "*.avi" -print0 | xargs -0 mplayer -vo dummy -ao dummy -identify 2>/dev/null | perl -nle '/ID_LENGTH=([0-9\.]+)/ && ($t +=$1) && printf "%02d:%02d:%02d\n",$t/3600,$t/60%60,$t%60' | tail -n 1
2009-09-24 15:50:39
User: syssyphus
Functions: find perl printf tail xargs

change the *.avi to whatever you want to match, you can remove it altogether if you want to check all files.

printf "%02u " {3..20}; echo
2009-09-18 18:48:41
User: Escher
Functions: printf
Tags: bash strings

emulates bash4's "echo {03..20}"

Uses bash3 builtin function printf

yes "$(seq 1 255)" | while read i; do printf "\x1b[48;5;${i}m\n"; sleep .01; done
printf '%*s\n' 20 | tr ' ' '#'