Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands using rm from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using rm - 247 results
wget -r --no-parent http://codeigniter.com/user_guide/ ; mv codeigniter.com/user_guide/* . ; rm -rf codeigniter.com
2010-03-01 02:37:26
Functions: mv rm wget
-1

I constantly need to work on my local computer, thus I need a way to download the codeigniter user guide, this is the wget way I figured.

find . -name "*~" -exec rm {} \;
2010-02-26 10:54:02
User: ivanatora
Functions: find rm
Tags: vim find
-5

Assuming only VIM has *~ files in your current dir. If you have usefull data in a file named in the *~ pattern, DO NOT RUN this command!

find -type d -name ".svn" -print0 | xargs -0 rm -rf
2010-02-25 10:16:18
User: tuxilicious
Functions: find rm xargs
-1

man find: If no paths are given, the current directory is used. - Can anybody tell me why so many people are typing the dot?

find . -name .svn -exec rm -r {} +;
ls -RAx | grep "svn:$" | sed -e "s/svn:/svn/" | xargs rm -fr
rm -rf `find . -name .svn`
2010-02-23 08:35:06
User: jfcalvo
Functions: rm
-2

Recursively remove .svn directories from the current location.

tar -zcvpf backup_`date +"%Y%m%d_%H%M%S"`.tar.gz `find <target> -atime +5 -type f` 2> /dev/null | parallel -X rm -f
2010-01-28 12:41:41
Functions: rm tar
-3

This deals nicely with files having special characters in the file name (space ' or ").

Parallel is from https://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/parallel/

find . -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec 'mv "{}" "{}-old" && svnadmin create "{}" && svnadmin recover "{}-old" && svnadmin dump "{}-old" | svnadmin load "{}" && rm -rf "{}-old"' \;
removedir(){ read -p "Delete the current directory $PWD ? " human;if [ "$human" = "yes" ]; then [ -z "${PWD##*/}" ] && { echo "$PWD not set" >&2;return 1;}; rm -Rf ../"${PWD##*/}"/ && cd ..; else echo "I'm watching you" | pv -qL 10; fi; }
removedir () { echo "Deleting the current directory $PWD Are you sure?"; read human; if [[ "$human" = "yes" ]]; then blah=$(echo "$PWD" | sed 's/ /\\ /g'); foo=$(basename "$blah"); rm -Rf ../$foo/ && cd ..; else echo "I'm watching you" | pv -qL 10; fi; }
2010-01-17 11:34:38
User: oshazard
Functions: basename cd echo read rm sed
-3

CHANGELOG

Version 1.1

removedir () { echo "You are about to delete the current directory $PWD Are you sure?"; read human; if [[ "$human" = "yes" ]]; then blah=$(echo "$PWD" | sed 's/ /\\ /g'); foo=$(basename "$blah"); rm -Rf ../$foo/ && cd ..; else echo "I'm watching you" | pv -qL 10; fi; }

BUG FIX:

Folders with spaces

Version 1.0

removedir () { echo "You are about to delete the current directory $PWD Are you sure?"; read human; if [[ "$human" = "yes" ]]; then blah=`basename $PWD`; rm -Rf ../$blah/ && cd ..; else echo "I'm watching you" | pv -qL 10; fi; }

BUG FIX:

Hidden directories (.dotdirectory)

Version 0.9

rmdir () { echo "You are about to delete the current directory $PWD. Are you sure?"; read human; if [[ "$human" = "yes" ]]; then blah=`basename $PWD`; rm -Rf ../$blah/ && cd ..; else echo "I'm watching you" | pv -qL 10; fi; }

Removes current directory with recursive and force flags plus basic human check. When prompted type yes

1. [user@host ~]$ ls

foo bar

2. [user@host ~]$ cd foo

3. [user@host foo]$ removedir

4. yes

5. rm -Rf foo/

6. [user@host ~]$

7. [user@host ~]$ ls

bar

( shopt -s extglob; rm !(<PATTERN>) )
2010-01-13 16:43:15
User: sputnick
Functions: rm
Tags: files rm glob shopt
7

Remove everything except that file with shell tricks inside a subshell to avoid changes in the environment.

help shopt
vman(){ T=/tmp/$$.pdf;man -t $1 |ps2pdf - >$T; xpdf $T; rm -f $T; }
2010-01-07 01:15:38
User: bhepple
Functions: rm
1

You're a developer - but it doesn't mean you have to slum it! Why not spice up your man page lookups by using a decent PDF viewer. I use 'xpdf' - maybe you prefer acroread, whatever, it's just as fast as plain dull ASCII on today's machines and you can still search for stuff - that's the main reason I use PDF and not PS.

for i in *.png; do convert "$i" "${i%.png}.jpg" && rm "$i" && echo "$i is converted."; done
2010-01-02 16:26:13
User: auriza
Functions: echo rm
1

Convert all PNG images in directory to JPEG using ImageMagick, and delete the old PNG images.

cat | gcc -x c -o a.out - && ./a.out && rm a.out
2009-12-27 04:37:24
User: dgalling
Functions: c++ cat gcc rm
-1

This should work on any unix platform running bash. Just type the program into cat and give it a ^D when you're done, at which time it will compile, run, and remove the program. Obviously, you can run it without the "rm a.out" if you'd like to keep the binary. If you want to keep the source, well, you might as well just write it in vi or emacs first then.

find /path/to/dir/ -type f -exec rm {} +
alias burnaudiocd='mkdir ./temp && for i in *.[Mm][Pp]3;do mpg123 -w "./temp/${i%%.*}.wav" "$i";done;cdrecord -pad ./temp/* && rm -r ./temp'
2009-11-21 19:57:18
User: eightmillion
Functions: alias mpg123 rm
3

This uses mpg123 to convert the files to wav before burning, but you can use mplayer or mencoder or ffmpeg or lame with the --decode option, or whatever you like.

find <dir> -printf '%p : %A@\n' | awk '{FS=" : " ; if($2 < <time in epoc> ) print $1 ;}' | xargs rm --verbose -fr ;
2009-11-20 16:31:58
User: angleto
Functions: awk find rm xargs
-2

remove files with access time older than a given date.

If you want to remove files with a given modification time replace %A@ with %T@. Use %C@ for the modification time.

The time is expressed in epoc but is easy to use any other ordered format.

(echo CD_DA; for f in {01..99}; do echo "$f Hz">&2; sox -nt cdda -r44100 -c2 $f.cdda synth 30 sine $f; echo TRACK AUDIO; echo FILE \"$f.cdda\" 0; done) > cdrdao.toc && cdrdao write cdrdao.toc && rm ??.cdda cdrdao.toc
2009-11-17 06:23:42
User: hackerb9
Functions: cdrdao echo rm write
21

This command creates and burns a gapless audio CD with 99 tracks. Each track is a 30 second sine wave, the first is 1 Hz, the second 2 Hz, and so on, up to 99 Hz. This is useful for testing audio systems (how low can your bass go?) and for creating the constant vibrations needed to make non-Newtonian fluids (like cornstarch and water) crawl around.

Note, this temporarily creates 500MB of .cdda files in the current directory. If you don't use the "rm" at the end of the command, you can burn more disks using

cdrdao write cdrdao.toc

Prerequisites: a blank CD-R in /dev/cdrw, sox (http://sox.sourceforge.net/), and cdrdao (http://cdrdao.sourceforge.net/). I'm also assuming a recent version of bash for the brace expansion (which just looks nicer than using seq(1), but isn't necessary).

find . -size 0 -exec rm '{}' \;
mysqldump -uUSERNAME -pPASSWORD database | gzip > /path/to/db/files/db-backup-`date +%Y-%m-%d`.sql.gz ;find /path/to/db/files/* -mtime +5 -exec rm {} \;
history -c && rm -f ~/.bash_history
2009-10-16 13:48:20
Functions: rm
2

Note the space before the command; that prevents your history eliminating command from being recorded. ' history -c && rm -f ~/.bash_history' Both steps are needed. 'history -c' clears what you see in the history command. 'rm -f ~/.bash_history' deletes the history file in your home directory.

for i in ~/Desktop/Personal/Wallpapers/*.jpg ; { size=$((`identify -format "%wx%h" $i | sed 's/x/*/'`)) ; if [[ $size -lt 800001 ]] then ; rm -f "$i" ; fi; }
2009-10-16 00:21:21
User: cbrinker
Functions: rm sed
0

For all of the jpgs in a directory, determine their size and if below a threshold remove them forcefully.

a=($(ls *html)) && a=${a[$(expr ${#a[@]} - 1)]} && rm $a
2009-10-12 16:40:06
Functions: expr ls rm
-3

plays with bash arrays. instead of storing the list of files in a temp file, this stores the list in ram, retrieves the last element in the array (the last html file), then removes it.

VBoxManage internalcommands converttoraw winxp.vdi winxp.raw && qemu-img convert -O vmdk winxp.raw winxp.vmdk && rm winxp.raw
2009-10-12 16:23:37
Functions: rm
9

Converts a .vdi file to a .vmdk file for use in a vmware virtual machine. The benefit: using this method actually works. There are others out there that claim to give you a working .vmdk by simply using the qemu-img command alone. Doing that only results in pain for you because the .vmdk file will be created with no errors, but it won't boot either.

Be advised that these conversions are very disk-intensive by nature; you are probably dealing with disk images several gigabytes in size.

Once finished, the process of using the new .vmdk file is left as an exercise to the reader.

for f in *.html; do head -n -1 $f > temp; cat temp > $f; rm temp; done
2009-10-12 12:49:18
User: Sunng
Functions: cat head rm
-1

Some malicious program appends a iframe or script tag to you web pages on some server, use this command to clean them in batch.