Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands using sed from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using sed - 1,080 results
cat file | paste -s -d'%' - | sed 's/\(^\|$\)/"/g;s/%/","/g'
grep -lr "foo" . | xargs sed -i "s/foo/bar/g"
2013-10-28 13:02:47
User: sergeylukin
Functions: grep sed xargs
1

Replace "foo" with "bar" in all files in current directory recursively

(sed 's/#.*//g'|sed '/^ *$/d'|tr '\n' ';'|xargs echo) < script.sh
2013-10-26 23:23:51
User: knoppix5
Functions: sed tr xargs
5

Opposite:

Convert an one-liner to script:

foo() { <one-liner> ; }

...

typeset -f foo

...

unset -f foo
find . -type f -not -empty -printf "%-25s%p\n"|sort -n|uniq -D -w25|cut -b26-|xargs -d"\n" -n1 md5sum|sed "s/ /\x0/"|uniq -D -w32|awk -F"\0" 'BEGIN{l="";}{if(l!=$1||l==""){printf "\n%s\0",$1}printf "\0%s",$2;l=$1}END{printf "\n"}'|sed "/^$/d"
2013-10-22 13:34:19
User: alafrosty
Functions: awk cut find sed sort uniq xargs
0

* Find all file sizes and file names from the current directory down (replace "." with a target directory as needed).

* sort the file sizes in numeric order

* List only the duplicated file sizes

* drop the file sizes so there are simply a list of files (retain order)

* calculate md5sums on all of the files

* replace the first instance of two spaces (md5sum output) with a \0

* drop the unique md5sums so only duplicate files remain listed

* Use AWK to aggregate identical files on one line.

* Remove the blank line from the beginning (This was done more efficiently by putting another "IF" into the AWK command, but then the whole line exceeded the 255 char limit).

>>>> Each output line contains the md5sum and then all of the files that have that identical md5sum. All fields are \0 delimited. All records are \n delimited.

openssl rand -hex 1 | tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]' | xargs echo "obase=2;ibase=16;" | bc | cut -c1-6 | sed 's/$/00/' | xargs echo "obase=16;ibase=2;" | bc | sed "s/$/:$(openssl rand -hex 5 | sed 's/\(..\)/\1:/g; s/.$//' | tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]')/"
2013-10-22 08:40:46
User: 4fd
Functions: bc cut echo sed tr xargs
0

I did not come up with this one myself, but found this somewhere else several months ago.

find *.less | xargs -I {} lessc {} {}.css && ls *.less.css | sed -e 'p;s/less.css/css/' | xargs -n2 mv
(date "+%d-%m-%Y %H:%M:%S";curl -s --interface lo:1 ifconfig.me| xargs -t geoiplookup 2>&1)|sed -e 's/geoiplookup/IP:/g' -e 's/GeoIP Country Edition/Country/g'|tr -s "\n" " "|sed 'a\ '
2013-10-07 15:28:55
User: guerito
Functions: date sed tr xargs
0

My first command :) I made this command to log public addresses of a virtual interface who connects random VPN servers around the world.

sed -i 's/^/ls -l /' output_files.txt
2013-10-07 15:12:53
User: sonic
Functions: sed
Tags: sed replace
0

The original command is great, but I often want to prepend to every line.

find .git/objects -type f -printf "%P\n" | sed s,/,, | while read object; do echo "=== $obj $(git cat-file -t $object) ==="; git cat-file -p $object; done
find /Applications -path '*Contents/_MASReceipt/receipt' -maxdepth 4 -print |sed 's#.app/Contents/_MASReceipt/receipt#.app#g; s#/Applications/##'
2013-09-28 15:44:32
User: bugmenot
Functions: find sed
0

Shows the OS X applications downloaded from App Store. Doesn't include manually added apps.

for ff in directory; do numLines=`wc -l $ff`; numLines=$(echo $numLines | sed 's/ .*//g'); min=$(sort -nrk 1 $ff | tail -1); if [ $numLines -gt 100 ]; then echo $min >> minValues; fi;done;
shuf /usr/share/dict/words |grep "^[^']\{3,6\}$" |head -n4 | sed -e "s/\b\(.\)/\u\1/g" | tr -d '\n'; echo
2013-09-06 03:05:31
User: chijonutor
Functions: grep head sed tr
Tags: tr xkcd shuf
0

Took one of the samples, added capitalization and removes in between spaces.

The final "echo" is just for readability.

Cheers

curl ${URL} 2>/dev/null|grep "<${BLOCK}>"|sed -e "s/.*\<${BLOCK}\>\(.*\)\<\/${BLOCK}\>.*/\1/g"
2013-08-31 14:53:54
User: c3w
Functions: grep sed
0

set BLOCK to "title" or any other HTML / RSS / XML tag and curl URL to get everything in-between e.g. some text

say () { mpv $(sed -E "s;([a-Z]*)( |$);http://ssl.gstatic.com/dictionary/static/sounds/de/0/\1.mp3 ;g" <<< $*); }; say hello world "how is it" going
wget -qO - http://www.asciiartfarts.com/random.cgi | sed -n '/<pre>/,/<\/pre>/p' | sed -n '/<table*/,/<\/table>/p' | sed '1d' | sed '$d' | recode html..ascii
ioreg -lw0 | grep IODisplayEDID | sed "/[^<]*</s///" | xxd -p -r | strings -6
sed '1,5d' /path/to/file
find . -name "*.h" -o -name "*.cpp" | xargs sed -i 's/addVertexes/addVertices/g'
rhost() { if [[ $1 =~ ^[0-9]+$ ]]; then sed -i "$1"d ${HOME}/.ssh/known_hosts; else echo "rhost [n]"; fi }
2013-08-01 21:10:34
User: lowjax
Functions: echo sed
-1

Quickly remove the conflicting line (key) from current users known_hosts file when there is an SSH host conflict. Very nice when you get tired of writing out full commands. Ideally you would place this into your .bash_profile

Usage: rhost [n]

Example: rhost 33 (removes line 33 from ~/.ssh/known_hosts)

Function assumes the $HOME exists, you could alternatively use "~/.ssh/known_hosts"

Mac OSX likes a space for sed -i "$1" d

randchannelurl=$(lynx -dump http://www.tvcatchup.com/channels.html | grep watch | sed 's/^......//'| awk 'BEGIN { srand() } int(rand() * NR) == 0 { x = $0 } END { print x }') && firefox -new-window $randchannelurl
2013-08-01 10:38:10
User: dunryc
Functions: awk grep sed watch
0

becuase im lazy and cant be bothered looking at the tv guide to choose a channel , any improvments or comments appreciated

svn info | sed -n "/URL:/s/.*\///p"
for m in `df -P | awk -F ' ' '{print $NF}' | sed -e "1d"`;do n=`df -P | grep "$m$" | awk -F ' ' '{print $5}' | cut -d% -f1`;i=0;if [[ $n =~ ^-?[0-9]+$ ]];then printf '%-25s' $m;while [ $i -lt $n ];do echo -n '=';let "i=$i+1";done;echo " $n";fi;done
2013-07-29 20:12:39
User: drockney
Functions: awk cut echo grep printf sed
Tags: bash
5

Automatically drops mount points that have non-numeric sizes (e.g. /proc). Tested in bash on Linux and AIX.

ls -1F | grep @$ | sed 's/@//' | column
2013-07-19 17:55:11
User: jlbknr
Functions: grep ls sed
Tags: ls symlinks
0

I use this with alias:

alias lsl="ls -1F | grep @$ | sed 's/@//' | column"

Limitation: This will also list files that happen to have an @ at the end of the filename.

$ ls -1F | grep @ | sed 's/@//' | column
2013-07-19 17:41:03
User: jlbknr
Functions: grep ls sed
Tags: ls symlinks
0

I use this with alias:

alias lsl="ls -1F | grep @ | sed 's/@//' | column"

uptime | awk -F ',' ' {print $1" "$2}'|awk ' {print $3" "$4" "$5}' | sed '1,$s/:/ /' | awk ' {if ($4 =="user") print $1*60 + $2;else if ($2=="mins") print $1;else print $1*24*60 + $2*60 + $3}'
2013-07-19 13:28:29
User: tatgren
Functions: awk sed uptime
Tags: uptime minutes
0

find the uptime and convert in minutes, works with AIX and Linux too