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Commands using sh from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using sh - 52 results
pygmentize -l sh ~/.bashrc | less -R
2012-01-27 03:27:37
User: captaincomic
Functions: less sh

On Debian/Ubuntu the pygments script is called pygmentize and can be found in the python-pygments package.

For an overview of all available lexers, formatters, styles and filters use

pygmentize -L

Here is an example using more options

pygmentize -f 256 -l sh -F whitespace:spaces=True,tabs=True -O style=borland ~/.bashrc | less -R
sudo sh -c "echo ' www.facebook.com' >> /etc/hosts"
2012-01-16 14:06:51
User: devalnor
Functions: sh sudo


echo ' facebook.com' | sudo tee -a /etc/hosts

Do not execute this command if you don't know what you are doing.

lso(){ jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 |sed '/[89]/d;s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \ |sh \ |{ echo "lso(){";echo "ls \$@ \\";echo " |sed '";sed 's, ,@,2;s,@.*,,;s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,;s, ,,';echo \';echo };};}
2012-01-08 05:48:24
User: argv
Functions: chmod echo ls sed sh

this requires the use of a throwaway file.

it outputs a shell function.

assuming the throwaway file is f.tmp

usage: >f.tmp;lso f.tmp > f.tmp; . f.tmp;rm f.tmp;lso -l ...


credit epons.org for the idea. however his version did not account for the sticky bit and other special cases.

many of the 4096 permutations of file permissions make no practical sense. but chmod will still create them.

one can achieve the same sort of octal output with stat(1), if that utility is available.

here's another version to account for systems with seq(1) instead of jot(1):


case $# in


{ case $(uname) in


jot -w '%04d' 7778 0000 7777 ;;


seq -w 0000 7777 ;;

esac; } \

|sed '


s,.*,printf '"'"'& '"'"';chmod & '"$1"';ls -l '"$1"'|sed s/-/./,' \

|sh \


echo "lso(){";

echo "ls \$@ \\";

echo " |sed '";

sed '

s, ,@,2;


s,\(.* \)\(.*\),s/\2/\1/,;

s, ,,';

echo \';

echo };




echo "usage: lso tmp-file";




this won't print out types[1]. but its purpose is not to examine types. its focus is on mode and its purpose is to make mode easier to read (assuming one finds octal easier to read).

1. one could of course argue "everything is a file", but not always a "regular" one. e.g., a "directory" is really just a file comprising a list.

sudo sh -c 'gunzip -c source.gz > destination'
2011-07-05 23:51:01
User: UnixNeko
Functions: sh sudo

Extracting .gz files and placing the output in another directory in one command line is convenient thing.

I just followed some how-to to install Nagios on Ubuntu Lucid Lynx but they give the method to install from archives. I wished to install from the repository. If you do so some files are missing. I've not tested yet but this is an example command line I did to extract

sudo sh -c 'gunzip -c /usr/share/doc/nagios3-common/examples/template-object/templates.cfg.gz > /etc/nagios3/objects/templates.cfg'

We need privilege to write the destination file.

find . -name '*.epub' -exec sh -c 'a={}; ebook-convert $a ${a%.epub}.mobi --still --more --options' \;
2011-04-21 22:03:01
User: joedhon
Functions: find sh

-exec sh -c 'var={}; do something with var' lets you do things in a sub-shell

while it's faster to type, I'm not sure if dozens of subshells execute quicker than the while loops.

find . -name "*.java" -type f -perm +600 -print | xargs -I _ sh -c 'grep -q hexianmao _ && iconv -f gb2312 -t utf8 -o _ -c _ '
2011-03-08 13:02:25
User: Sunng
Functions: find iconv sh xargs
Tags: find xargs iconv

One of my friends committed his code in the encoding of GB2312, which broke the build job. I have to find his code and convert.

svn status | grep '^?' | sed -e 's/^? */svn add "/g' -e 's/$/"/g'|sh ; svn status | grep '^!' | sed -e 's/^! */svn delete "/g' -e 's/$/"/g'|sh
sudo sh /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
ontouchdo(){ while :; do a=$(stat -c%Y "$1"); [ "$b" != "$a" ] && b="$a" && sh -c "$2"; sleep 1; done }
2010-10-22 23:25:12
User: putnamhill
Functions: sh sleep stat
Tags: stat

This is useful if you'd like to see the output of a script while you edit it. Each time you save the file the command is executed. I thought for sure something like this already exists - and it probably does. I'm on an older system and tend to be missing some useful things.


ontouchdo yourscript 'clear; yourscript somefiletoparse'

Edit yourscript in a separate window and see new results each time you save.

ontouchdo crufty.html 'clear; xmllint --noout crufty.html 2>&1 | head'

Keep editing krufty.html until the xmllint window is empty.

Note: Mac/bsd users should use stat -f%m. If you don't have stat, you can use perl -e '$f=shift; @s=stat($f); print "$s[9]\n";' $1

cd /proc&&ps a -opid=|xargs -I+ sh -c '[[ $PPID -ne + ]]&&echo -e "\n[+]"&&tr -s "\000" " "<+/cmdline&&echo&&tr -s "\000\033" "\nE"<+/environ|sort'

Grabs the cmdline used to execute the process, and the environment that the process is being run under. This is much different than the 'env' command, which only lists the environment for the shell. This is very useful (to me at least) to debug various processes on my server. For example, this lets me see the environment that my apache, mysqld, bind, and other server processes have.

Here's a function I use:

aa_ps_all () { ( cd /proc && command ps -A -opid= | xargs -I'{}' sh -c 'test $PPID -ne {}&&test -r {}/cmdline&&echo -e "\n[{}]"&&tr -s "\000" " "<{}/cmdline&&echo&&tr -s "\000\033" "\nE"<{}/environ|sort&&cat {}/limits' ); }

From my .bash_profile at http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html

xargs -n1 -P100 -I{} sh -c 'ssh {} uptime >output/{} 2>error/{}' <hostlist
2010-08-20 11:03:11
User: dooblem
Functions: sh uptime xargs

Do the same as pssh, just in shell syntax.

Put your hosts in hostlist, one per line.

Command outputs are gathered in output and error directories.

sudo sh -c "apt-get update;apt-get dist-upgrade;apt-get autoremove;apt-get autoclean"
2010-08-13 16:12:18
User: l0b0
Functions: sh sudo

Gets you the latest of everything, and removes any remaining junk. The "sh -c" part is so that you'll only run a single sh command, so you won't get asked more than once for the password.

sh -c 'if pgrep x2vnc && env LC_ALL=C xmessage -button "Kill it:0,Ignore it:1" "Another connection is already running. Should I kill it instead of ignoring it?"; then killall x2vnc; fi; x2vnc -passwd /home/Ariel/.vnc/passwd -east emerson:0'
2010-07-06 09:11:12
User: zhangweiwu
Functions: env killall sh

This command is suitable to use as application launching command for a desktop shortcut. It checks if the application is already running by pgrepping its process ID, and offer user to kill the old process before starting a new one.

It is useful for a few x11 application that, if re-run, is more likely a mistake. In my example, x2vnc is an x11 app that does not quit when its connection is broken, and would not work well when a second process establish a second connection after the first broken one.

The LC_ALL=C for xmesseng is necessary for OpenSUSE systems to avoid a bug. If you don't find needing it, remove the "env LC_ALL=C" part

proceed_sudo () { sudor_command="`HISTTIMEFORMAT=\"\" history 1 | sed -r -e 's/^.*?sudor//' -e 's/\"/\\\"/g'`" ; sudo sh -c "$sudor_command"; }; alias sudor="proceed_sudo # "
2010-06-29 14:56:29
User: mechmind
Functions: alias sh sudo
Tags: history sudo

USAGE: $ sudor your command

This command uses a dirty hack with history, so be sure you not turned it off.


This command behavior differ from other commands. It more like text macro, so you shouldn't use it in subshells, non-interactive sessions, other functions/aliases and so on. You shouldn't pipe into sudor (any string that prefixes sudor will be removed), but if you really want, use this commands:

proceed_sudo () { sudor_command="`HISTTIMEFORMAT=\"\" history 1 | sed -r -e 's/^.*?sudor//' -e 's/\"/\\\"/g'`" ; pre_sudor_command="`history 1 | cut -d ' ' -f 5- | sed -r -e 's/sudor.*$//' -e 's/\"/\\\"/g'`"; if [ -n "${pre_sudor_command/ */}" ] ; then eval "${pre_sudor_command%| *}" | sudo sh -c "$sudor_command"; else sudo sh -c "$sudor_command" ;fi ;}; alias sudor="proceed_sudo # "
find . -type f | sed 's,.*,stat "&" | egrep "File|Modify" | tr "\\n" " " ; echo ,' | sh | sed 's,[^/]*/\(.*\). Modify: \(....-..-.. ..:..:..\).*,\2 \1,' | sort
sh default values
sudo find /etc/rc{1..5}.d -name S99myservice -type l -exec sh -c 'NEWFN=`echo {} | sed 's/S99/K99/'` ; mv -v {} $NEWFN' \;
2010-01-03 00:56:57
User: zoomgarden
Functions: find mv sed sh sudo

Change run control links from start "S" to stop "K" (kill) for whatever run levels in curly braces for a service called "myservice". NEWFN variable is for the new filename stored in the in-line shell. Use different list of run levels (rc*.d, rc{1,3,5}.d, etc.) and/or swap S with K in the command to change function of run control links.

find . -name '*.mp3' -type f -exec sh -c 'exec cp -f "$@" /home/user/dir' find-copy {} +
2009-12-08 19:31:16
User: mariusz
Functions: cp find sh

I used this command to recursively gather all mp3 files that were previously imported into their own directories (sorted by band name) in Songbird.

find . -type d -exec sh -c "normalize-audio -b \"{}\"/*.mp3" \;
2009-12-08 03:13:13
Functions: find sh

Execute this in the root of your music library and this recurses through the directories and normalizes each folder containing mp3s as a batch. This assumes those folders hold an album each. The command "normalize-audio" may go by "normalize" on some systems.

rdp() { ssh $1 sh -c 'PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin; x11vnc -q -rfbauth ~/.vnc/passwd -display :0' & sleep 4; vncviewer $1:0 & }
2009-11-25 07:21:02
User: bhepple
Functions: sh sleep ssh

If the remote doesn't export its desktop (eg fluxbox, blackbox etc) then you need to run a x11vnc server there and a vncviewer at the local end. This command does the lot for you - it assumes that you can 'ssh' to the box without a password and that x11vnc is installed at the remote end.

env PS4=' ${BASH_SOURCE}:${LINENO}(${FUNCNAME[0]}) ' sh -x /etc/profile
sh -c 'S=askapache R=htaccess; find . -mount -type f|xargs -P5 -iFF grep -l -m1 "$S" FF|xargs -P5 -iFF sed -i -e "s%${S}%${R}%g" FF'

I needed a way to search all files in a web directory that contained a certain string, and replace that string with another string. In the example, I am searching for "askapache" and replacing that string with "htaccess". I wanted this to happen as a cron job, and it was important that this happened as fast as possible while at the same time not hogging the CPU since the machine is a server.

So this script uses the nice command to run the sh shell with the command, which makes the whole thing run with priority 19, meaning it won't hog CPU processing. And the -P5 option to the xargs command means it will run 5 separate grep and sed processes simultaneously, so this is much much faster than running a single grep or sed. You may want to do -P0 which is unlimited if you aren't worried about too many processes or if you don't have to deal with process killers in the bg.

Also, the -m1 command to grep means stop grepping this file for matches after the first match, which also saves time.

svn log fileName | sed -ne "/^r\([0-9][0-9]*\).*/{;s//\1/;s/.*/svn cat fileName@& > fileName.r&/p;}" | sh -s
2009-09-04 17:23:45
User: arcege
Functions: sed sh
Tags: svn sed shell

Manages everything through one sed script instead of pipes of greps and awks. Quoting of shell variables is generally easier within a sed script.

find -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 -P 4 -I {} sh -c "zcat '{}' | mysql nix"
2009-08-25 15:05:55
User: skygreg
Functions: find sh xargs

this command works with one gziped file per table, and restore 4 tables in parallel.

find $MAILDIR/ -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n' | sort --reverse | sed -e '{ 1,100d; s/[0-9]*\.[0-9]* \(.*\)/\1/g }' | xargs -i sh -c "cat {}&&rm -f {}" | gzip -c >>ARCHIVE.gz