Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Hide

Credits

Commands using sort from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using sort - 650 results
$ docker rm `(docker ps -q && docker ps -qa) | sort | uniq -u`
2014-09-16 14:08:54
User: vlf
Functions: ps rm sort uniq
0

Applies 'docker rm' to all container IDs that appear in 'docker ps -a' but not in 'docker ps' - i.e. the ones that are not running.

while true; do ps aux | sort -rk 3,3 | head -n 11 | cut -c -120 | netcat -l -p 8888 2>&1 >/dev/null; done &
2014-08-29 07:10:57
User: manumiu
Functions: cut head ps sort
0

If you want to see your top ten cpu using processes from the browser (e.g. you don't want to ssh into your server all the time for checking system load) you can run this command and browse to the machines ip on port 8888. For example 192.168.0.100:8888

du -sm *| sort -nr | awk '{ size=4+5*int($1/5); a[size]++ }; END { print "size(from->to) number graph"; for(i in a){ printf("%d %d ",i,a[i]) ; hist=a[i]; while(hist>0){printf("#") ; hist=hist-5} ; printf("\n")}}'
2014-08-19 14:43:20
User: higuita
Functions: awk du sort
Tags: awk
0

This command makes a small graph with the histogram of size blocks (5MB in this example), not individual files. Fine tune the 4+5*int($1/5) block for your own size jumps : jump-1+jump*($1/jump)

Also in the hist=hist-5 part, tune for bigger or smaller graphs

grep Failed auth.log | rev | cut -d\ -f4 | rev | sort -u
2014-08-14 14:57:41
User: supradave
Functions: cut grep rev sort
0

Find the failed lines, reverse the output because I only see 3 indicators after the IP address, i.e. port, port#, ssh2 (in my file), cut to the 4th field (yes, you could awk '{print $4}'), reverse the output back to normal and then sort -u (for uniq, or sort | uniq).

netstat -tn 2>/dev/null | grep :80 | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head
awk -F: '{print $2}' access_log | sort | uniq -c
netstat -tlpn | sort -t: -k2 -n
2014-07-22 14:08:01
User: hute37
Functions: netstat sort
Tags: netstat
4

Show TCP Listen ports sorted by number

(bugs: IPV6 addresses not supported)

du -sch .[!.]* * |sort -h
2014-07-17 21:45:46
User: krizzo
Functions: du sort
1

This command sorts the content including hidden files in human readable format of the current directory.

cut -f 2 -d ':' oclHashcat.pot | egrep -oi '[a-z]{1,20}' | sort | uniq > base.pot
postqueue -p | grep -A 1 "over quota" | grep @ | sort | uniq | tr --delete ' '
awk '/text to grep/{print \$1}' logs... | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100
2014-07-10 20:36:02
User: impinball
Functions: awk head sort uniq
Tags: Linux sh
0

Accepts multiple files via logs.... Substitute "text to grep" for your search string.

If you want to alias this, you could do something like this:

alias parse-logs='awk "/$1/{print \$1}" ${@[@]:1} | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100'
git log --name-status --oneline --all | grep -P "^[A|M|D]\s" | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq
awk '/text to grep/{print $1}' "log" | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100
2014-07-09 08:48:06
User: kln0thing
Functions: awk head sort uniq
0

Original command: cat "log" | grep "text to grep" | awk '{print $1}' | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100

This is a waste of multiple cats and greps, esp when awk is being used

cat "log" | grep "text to grep" | awk '{print $1}' | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100
xclip -o -selection clipboard | sort | xclip -i -selection clipboard
2014-07-07 19:04:02
User: gumnos
Functions: sort
1

Does the same thing in environments where you have "xclip" instead of "pbpaste"/"pbpate" and "pbcopy".

pbpate | sort | pbcopy
git log master...feature-a | grep -o -E '\b([A-Z]+)-[0-9]+\b' | sort | uniq
2014-07-07 18:51:01
User: westonruter
Functions: grep sort
0

To get the list of tickets in a comma-separated list, pipe the above into:

sort | uniq | perl -pe 's/\n/, /' | sed 's/, $//'
echo "btrfs checksum error(s) on: " && grep "btrfs: checksum error at logical" /var/log/messages | sed -e 's/^.*\( dev .*\)\(, sector.*\)\(path\: .*\))/\t\1, \3/' | sort | uniq
grep "btrfs: checksum error at logical" /var/log/messages | egrep -o "[^ ]+$" | tr -d ')' | sort | uniq
2014-07-01 08:15:26
User: jcoll
Functions: egrep grep sort tr
0

Filter entries in OpenSuse /var/log/messages like:

timestamp servername kernel: [83242.108090] btrfs: checksum error at logical 1592344576 on dev /dev/sda5, sector 5223584, root 5, inode 2652, offset 282624, length 4096, links 1 (path: log/warn)

for a in $(find . -maxdepth 1 -name "*.mp4" -type f -printf "%f\n" | rev | cut -d '.' -f2- | rev | sort -u); do if [ ! -f "$a.mp3" ]; then avconv -i "$a."* -vn -ab 128 "$a.mp3"; fi done
2014-06-27 05:13:53
User: adanisch
Functions: cut find rev sort
0

Good for when you download youtube videos and want the mp3 for your mp3 player.

git verify-pack -v .git/objects/pack/pack-*.idx | grep blob | sort -k3nr | head | while read s x b x; do git rev-list --all --objects | grep $s | awk '{print "'"$b"'",$0;}'; done
aws ec2 describe-instances --query 'Reservations[*].Instances[*].[InstanceId,LaunchTime]' --output text | sort -n -k 2
2014-06-16 21:51:51
User: hakamadare
Functions: sort
Tags: aws jq
1

You can do the filtering natively in the aws cli, without using jq (although jq is awesome!)

du -a | sort -nr | head -10
watch -n0.5 'ps -e -o pid,vsz,comm= | sort -n -k 2 | grep apache | wc -l'
find . -type d -d 1 -print0 | xargs -0 du -sm | sort -nr