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commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
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Commands using sort from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using sort - 669 results
ps aux | sort +2n | tail -20
2009-03-31 12:03:34
User: dopeman
Functions: ps sort tail
3

This command will show the 20 processes using the most CPU time (hungriest at the bottom).

You can see the 20 most memory intensive processes (hungriest at the bottom) by running:

ps aux | sort +3n | tail -20

Or, run both:

echo "CPU:" && ps aux | sort +2n | tail -20 && echo "Memory:" && ps aux | sort +3n | tail -20
cat /var/log/secure | grep smtp | awk '{print $9}' | cut -f2 -d= | sort | uniq -c | sort -n | tail
2009-03-30 15:49:54
User: empulse
Functions: awk cat cut grep sort uniq
-2

Searches /var/log/secure for smtp connections then lists these by number of connections made and hosts.

cat /var/log/secure | grep sshd | grep Failed | sed 's/invalid//' | sed 's/user//' | awk '{print $11}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2009-03-30 15:48:24
User: empulse
Functions: awk cat grep sed sort sshd uniq
8

Searches the /var/log/secure log file for Failed and/or invalid user log in attempts.

du -xk | sort -n | tail -20
2009-03-30 11:37:43
User: dopeman
Functions: du sort tail
7

This command will tell you the 20 biggest directories starting from your working directory and skips directories on other filesystems. Useful for resolving disk space issues.

netstat -ntu | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2009-03-28 21:02:26
User: tiagofischer
Functions: awk cut netstat sort uniq
14

Here is a command line to run on your server if you think your server is under attack. It prints our a list of open connections to your server and sorts them by amount.

BSD Version:

netstat -na |awk '{print $5}' |cut -d "." -f1,2,3,4 |sort |uniq -c |sort -nr
netstat -atn | awk ' /tcp/ {printf("%s\n",substr($4,index($4,":")+1,length($4) )) }' | sed -e "s/://g" | sort -rnu | awk '{array [$1] = $1} END {i=32768; again=1; while (again == 1) {if (array[i] == i) {i=i+1} else {print i; again=0}}}'
2009-03-27 20:38:43
User: mpb
Functions: awk netstat sed sort
4

Some commands (such as netcat) have a port option but how can you know which ports are unused?

cat file.txt | sort | uniq -dc
2009-03-21 18:15:14
User: Vadi
Functions: cat sort uniq
1

Displays the duplicated lines in a file and their occuring frequency.

ls -l | sort -nk5
rpm -qa --qf '%{SIZE} %{NAME}\n' | sort -nr | nl | head -6 # six largest RPMs
2009-03-15 22:18:17
User: mpb
Functions: head nl rpm sort
2

Low on disk space? Check the largest installed RPMs for delete canditates.

sort file1.txt | uniq > file2.txt
ls -l|awk '{print $6,$8}'|sort -d
2009-03-13 19:00:18
User: archlich
Functions: awk ls sort
-4

Can pipe to tail or change the awk for for file size, groups, users, etc.

grep Mar/2009 /var/log/apache2/access.log | awk '{ print $1 }' | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
cat $(ls -tr | tail -1) | awk '{ a[$1] += 1; } END { for(i in a) printf("%d, %s\n", a[i], i ); }' | sort -n | tail -25
2009-03-06 17:50:29
User: oremj
Functions: awk cat ls sort tail
7

This command is much quicker than the alternative of "sort | uniq -c | sort -n".

find . -type f -print0 | xargs -r0 stat -c %Y\ %n | sort -rn | gawk '{sub(/.\//,"",$2); print $2}' > /tmp/playlist.m3u
2009-03-04 16:41:02
User: microft
Functions: find gawk sort stat xargs
3

I use this to generate a playlist with all the podcasts I listen to.

Ordered from most recent to older.

du | sort -n | tail -11 | head
2009-03-04 16:06:34
User: phage
Functions: du sort tail
-3

The pipe to head removes the listing of . as the largest directory.

zgrep "Failed password" /var/log/auth.log* | awk '{print $9}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | less
2009-03-03 13:45:56
User: dbart
Functions: awk sort uniq zgrep
8

This command checks for the number of times when someone has tried to login to your server and failed. If there are a lot, then that user is being targeted on your system and you might want to make sure that user either has remote logins disabled, or has a strong password, or both. If your output has an "invalid" line, it is a summary of all logins from users that don't exist on your system.

gunzip -c /var/log/auth.log.*.gz | cat - /var/log/auth.log /var/log/auth.log.0 | grep "Invalid user" | awk '{print $8;}' | sort | uniq -c | less
du -cs * .[^\.]* | sort -n
2009-03-02 18:43:48
User: cemsbr
Functions: du sort
9

Very useful when you need disk space. It calculates the disk usage of all files and dirs (descending them) located at the current directory (including hidden ones). Then sort puts them in order.

sort -nt . -k 1,1 -k 2,2 -k 3,3 -k 4,4
2009-02-26 20:22:57
User: sysadmn
Functions: sort
14

Sort a list of IPV4 addresses in numerical order. Great as a filter, or within vim using !}

sort -bdf
2009-02-26 19:55:41
User: sysadmn
Functions: sort
2

Often, when sorting you want the sort to ignore extraneous characters. The b, d, and f tell sort to ignore leading blanks, use 'dictionary order' (ignore punctuation), and ignore (fold) case. Add a "u" if you only want one copy of duplicate lines.

This is a great command to use within vim to sort lines of text, using !}sort -bdf

du --max-depth=1 | sort -r -n | awk '{split("k m g",v); s=1; while($1>1024){$1/=1024; s++} print int($1)" "v[s]"\t"$2}'
2009-02-24 11:03:08
User: hans
Functions: awk du sort
16

I use this on debian testing, works like the other sorted du variants, but i like small numbers and suffixes :)

find . -type d | perl -nle 'print s,/,/,g," $_"' | sort -n | tail
find . -type f -name "*.java" -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 svn blame | sed -n 's/^[^a-z]*\([a-z]*\).*$/\1/p' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
sed -e "s/| /\n/g" ~/.bash_history | cut -d ' ' -f 1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head