commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.
If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/
You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.
First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.
Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
ssh -X example.org xeyes
The SSH server configuration requires:
X11Forwarding yes # this is default in Debian
And it's convenient too:
The ssh command alone will execute the sudo command remotely, but the password will be visible in the terminal as you type it. The two stty commands disable the terminal from echoing the password back to you, which makes the remote sudo act as it does locally.
Unreachable_host is unavailable from local network, but it's available from reachable_host's network. This command creates a connection to unreachable_host through "hidden" connection to reachable_host.
opens a "hidden" remote shell (login will not appear in "last" for example).
This is not really hidden, because the login will be shown in auth.log and the process is visible anyways.
ssh -T = Disable pseudo-tty allocation.
bash -i = interactive shell
Create a persistent SSH connection to the host in the background. Combine this with settings in your ~/.ssh/config:
All the SSH connections to the machine will then go through the persisten SSH socket. This is very useful if you are using SSH to synchronize files (using rsync/sftp/cvs/svn) on a regular basis because it won't create a new socket each time to open an ssh connection.
* Adjust the find command to your own filters.
* The -P flag forces to keep absolute paths in the tarball, so that you can be sure that the exact same file hierarchy will be created on the second machine.
the -A argument forwards your ssh private keys to the host you're going to. Useful in some scenarios where you have to hop to one server, and then login to another using a private key.
Long before tabbed terminals existed, people have been using Gnu screen to open many shells in a single text terminal. Combined with ssh, it gives you the ability to have many open shells with a single remote connection using the above options. If you detach with "Ctrl-a d" or if the ssh session is accidentally terminated, all processes running in your remote shells remain undisturbed, ready for you to reconnect. Other useful screen commands are "Ctrl-a c" (open new shell) and "Ctrl-a a" (alternate between shells). Read this quick reference for more screen commands: http://aperiodic.net/screen/quick_reference
creates a new tab for each of N servers in listofservers.txt and ssh's to said servers
then, try the "send to all sessions" feature of konsole to do the same work on all servers at the same time. BIG time saver, but be careful!
Enter your ssh public key in the remote end for future key-based authentication. Just type your password one last time. The next time you should be able to login with the public key. If you don't have a key, generate one with ssh-keygen.
Requires Bourne-compatible shell in the remote end.
I have this on a daily cronjob to backup the commandlinefu.com database from NearlyFreeSpeech.net (awesome hosts by the way) to my local drive. Note that (on my Ubuntu system at least) you need to escape the % signs on the crontab.
Have you ever had to scp a file to your work machine in order to copy its contents to a mail? xclip can help you with that. It copies its stdin to the X11 buffer, so all you have to do is middle-click to paste the content of that looong file :)
I use this all the time for taking manual backups of stuff i want to keep but not important enough to backup regularly.
This option makes a copy of your current db and via ssh it transfer to the server you specify and upload the database to the specific User & Password you specify (Note the db User & Pass, can be different from the one you use in the other server)
If you are going to use "localhost" as your main db remove (-h) and youst add "localhost"
Dumps a MySQL database over a compressed SSH tunnel and uses it as input to mysql - i think that is the fastest and best way to migrate a DB to a new server!
Simply change your web browser's proxy settings to point to a SOCKS proxy at port 8888 and you're good to go.
Should run on any system with ssh installed.
Foward vnc securely from exampleserver.com
Just run the command, type your password, and that's the last time you need to enter your password for that server.
This assumes that the server supports publickey authentication. Also, the permissions on your home dir are 755, and the permissions on your .ssh dir are 700 (local and remote).