What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

Commands using uniq from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using uniq - 217 results
cat /var/log/nginx/access.log | grep -oe '^[0-9.]\+' | perl -ne 'system("geoiplookup $_")' | grep -v found | grep -oe ', [A-Za-z ]\+$' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2012-05-08 13:28:25
User: theist
Functions: cat grep perl sort uniq
Tags: sort uniq geoip

Per country GET report, based on access log. Easy to transform to unique IP

for a in $(find . -xdev -type f -printf '%i\n'|sort|uniq -d);do find . -xdev -inum $a -printf '%s %i %m %n %U %G %AD %Ar %p\n';done|sort -n|awk '{if(x!=$2){print "---"};x=$2;print $0}'
2012-04-09 12:52:07
User: knoppix5
Functions: awk find sort uniq

The listing will be nice separated with dashes in chunks of identical files.

Output format:

Size Inode Mode Count_of_identical_files UID GID Date Time Path/Filename

find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 -n1 md5sum | sort -k 1,32 | uniq -w 32 -d --all-repeated=separate | sed -e 's/^[0-9a-f]*\ *//;'
history | awk '{print $2}' | awk 'BEGIN {FS="|"}{print $1}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head
find /some/path -type f -and -printf "%f\n" | egrep -io '\.[^.]*$' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
2012-04-02 19:25:35
User: kyle0r
Functions: egrep find sort uniq
Tags: uniq ls grep


find -printf "%f\n" prints just the file name from the given path. This means directory paths which contain extensions will not be considered.
head -n1 nation.tbl | sed 's/\(.\)/\1\n/g' | sort | uniq -c | grep \| | awk '{ print $1 }'
cat z.log | cut -d ':' -f1,2 | uniq -c
cat z.log | cut -d ':' -f1 | sort | uniq | xargs -l1 -iFF echo 'echo FF $(cat z.log | grep -e "^FF" | grep -e Timeout | wc -l )' | bash
cat z.log | grep Timeout | cut -d ':' -f1 | sort | uniq -c
sed -e 's/[;|][[:space:]]*/\n/g' .bash_history | cut --delimiter=' ' --fields=1 | sort | uniq --count | sort --numeric-sort --reverse | head --lines=20
awk -F: '{print $3}' /etc/passwd | sort |uniq -d
2012-01-17 11:16:35
User: ultips
Functions: awk sort uniq

Detect duplicate UID in you /etc/passwd (or GID in /etc/group file).

Duplicate UID is often forbidden for it can be a security breach.

find . -type f -exec md5 '{}' ';' | sort | uniq -f 3 -d | sed -e "s/.*(\(.*\)).*/\1/"
2012-01-14 08:54:12
User: noahspurrier
Functions: find sed sort uniq

This works on Mac OS X using the `md5` command instead of `md5sum`, which works similarly, but has a different output format. Note that this only prints the name of the duplicates, not the original file. This is handy because you can add `| xargs rm` to the end of the command to delete all the duplicates while leaving the original.

history | sed -e 's/^sudo //' | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
2012-01-07 22:29:54
User: bibe
Functions: awk sed sort uniq

I make an extensive use of sudo, so I had to exclude the sudo part of the command history

history | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
history | cut -c8- | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head
mysql -u root -p -N -e"show processlist\G;" | egrep "Host\:" | awk -F: '{ print $2 }' | sort | uniq -c
mysql -u root -p -e"show processlist;"|awk '{print $3}'|awk -F":" '{print $1}'|sort|uniq -c
2011-12-22 05:37:36
User: prasadwani
Functions: awk uniq
Tags: mysql

This command will help you to find how many number of connection are made to given mysql and what are the different hosts connected to it with number of connection they are making.

grep -R Subject /var/spool/exim/input/ | sed s/^.*Subject:\ // | sort | uniq -c | sort -n > ~/email_sort.$(date +%m.%d.%y).txt
cat /file/way/somelogforexample | grep -o "[0-9]\{1,3\}\.[0-9]\{1,3\}\.[0-9]\{1,3\}\.[0-9]\{1,3\}" | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -n
curl http://www.cpan.org/modules/01modules.index.html |awk '{print $1}'|grep -v "<"|sort|uniq -c|grep -v " +[0-9] "
2011-10-18 16:03:54
User: dinomite
Functions: awk grep uniq

Grabs the complete module list from CPAN, pulls the first column, ditches html lines, counts, ditches small namespaces.

tshark -r data.pcap -R "ip.addr== && ip.addr== && aim" -d tcp.port==443,aim -T fields -e "aim.buddyname" |sort |uniq -c
tshark -r data.pcap -R "ip.src==" -T fields -e "ip.dst" |sort |uniq -c
dups() { sort "$@" | uniq -d; }
netstat -tn | awk 'NR>2 {print $6}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
svn log -r{2011-08-01}:HEAD|awk '$14 ~/line/ {print $3}'|sort|uniq -c
2011-09-01 07:58:54
User: sangnoir
Functions: awk uniq

My script lists all users & the number of commits they made in the period, sorted alphabetically. To sort by number of commits, append a '|sort' to the end of the command. The script depends on the output format of svn log - original command didn't work for me because the string 'user' was not appearing in my output