Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands using xargs from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using xargs - 599 results
svn status | awk '{print $2}' | xargs du | sort -n | tail
find . -type f -iname '*.mp3' -print0 | xargs -0 mp3gain -r -k
2010-08-04 16:29:13
User: mtron
Functions: find xargs
Tags: mp3gain
1

This will search all subfolders for mp3's and gain them to more or less sane defaults (without reencoding).

http://mp3gain.sourceforge.net/ required!

tar tfz filename.tgz |xargs rm -Rf
find -type f -size +0 -mtime +1 -print0|xargs -0r rm -f
sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'|xargs -r tail -f
2010-07-30 18:20:00
User: vutcovici
Functions: echo eval grep ls sed sudo tail xargs
-1

Tail all logs that are opened by all java processes. This is helpful when you are on a new environment and you do not know where the logs are located. Instead of java you can put any process name. This command does work only for Linux.

The list of all log files opened by java process:

sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'
find . -name "*.php" -print0 | xargs -0 grep -i "search phrase"
2010-07-27 20:52:37
User: randy909
Functions: find grep xargs
-2

xargs avoids having to remember the "{} \;" (although definitely a useful thing to know. Unfortunately I always forget it). xargs version runs 2x faster on my test fwiw.

edit: fixed to handle spaces in filenames correctly.

lsof /dev/snd/pcm*p /dev/dsp | awk ' { print $2 }' | xargs kill
2010-07-23 20:24:16
User: alustenberg
Functions: awk xargs
2

for when a program is hogging the sound output. finds, and kills. add -9 to the end for wedged processes. add in 'grep ^program' after lsof to filter.

find . -name '*.txt' | grep -v '\.lzma$' | xargs -n 1 lzma -f -v -3
find * ! -name abc | xargs rm
find . -name '*.?pp' | xargs grep -H "string"
2010-07-14 14:41:07
User: cout
Functions: find grep xargs
Tags: find xargs grep
2

I like this better than some of the alternatives using -exec, because if I want to change the string, it's right there at the end of the command line. That means less editing effort and more time to drink coffee.

find /usr/share/figlet -name *.?lf -exec basename {} \; | sed -e "s/\..lf$//" | xargs -I{} toilet -f {} {}
2010-07-13 20:12:54
Functions: basename find sed xargs
Tags: find
1

Lists a sample of all installed toilet fonts

ps auxwww | grep outofcontrolprocess | awk '{print $2}' | xargs kill -9
find /protocollo/paflow -type f -mtime +5 | xargs tar -cvf /var/dump-protocollo/`date '+%d%m%Y'_archive.tar`
2010-06-29 12:43:30
User: 0disse0
Functions: find tar xargs
Tags: find tar dump
0

The following command finds all the files not modified in the last 5 days under /protocollo/paflow directory and creates an archive files under /var/dump-protocollo in the format of ddmmyyyy_archive.tar

svn st | awk '{if ($1 ~ "?") print $2}' | xargs svn add
2010-06-19 03:07:26
User: sciurus
Functions: awk xargs
Tags: svn awk
1

No need for grep, let awk do the match. This will not behave properly if the filenames contains whitespace, which is awk's default field separator.

ps ux|grep <process name>|awk '{print $2}'|xargs -n 1 kill
ps h -o pid,command | grep 'TEXT' | sed 's/^ \+//' | cut -d ' ' -f 1 | xargs -n 1 kill
dpkg-query -l > 1.lst; sudo apt-get install -y build-essential; ./configure; make; sudo checkinstall -D make install; dpkg-query --list > 2.lst; diff 1.lst 2.lst | grep '^>' | awk '{print $3}' | xargs sudo apt-get remove -y --purge
2010-06-16 22:06:07
User: danlangford
0

on a dpkg managed system this PATTERN will help you generate .deb files from source AND remove all the dev libs you had to install. i hate cluttering up my machine with rouge packages and headers.

it would be pretty darn easy on rpm systems as well. i just dont have a rpm managed system to test on right now.

NOTE, you sharp ones will notice that it uninstalls the deb you just made! yeah, but the deb is still there to do with it what you want, like re install it. or you can just grep -v after the diff

find ./ -type f -mtime -1 -name .*.sw[po] -print | sed -r 's/^(.+)\/\.(\S+)\.sw[op]$/\1\/\2/' | xargs vim -r
2010-06-16 13:15:10
User: nodnarb
Functions: find sed vim xargs
-1

this is great if you loose you ssh connection (with out a screen session) or are working on a laptop with a bad battery, or just a power outage.

Modifications: you may not need the -print; the mtime is last modified time in days

dpkg -l 'linux-*' | sed '/^ii/!d;/'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d;s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/;/[0-9]/!d' | xargs sudo apt-get -y purge
2010-06-10 20:33:32
User: mitzip
Functions: sed sudo xargs
4

This will remove all installed kernels on your debian based install, except the one you're currently using.

From:

http://tuxtweaks.com/2009/12/remove-old-kernels-in-ubuntu/comment-page-1/#comment-1590

find ~/.thunderbird/*.default/ -name *.msf -print0 | xargs --no-run-if-empty -0 rm;
find ~/.thunderbird/*.default/ -name *.msf | sed 's/ /\\ /g' | xargs rm {} \;
2010-06-04 12:35:24
User: allrightname
Functions: find rm sed xargs
-1

The thunderbird message datastores get corrupt some times causing random failures, compaction to fail and general suck in thunderbird. Removing them causes thunderbird to rebuild the indexes and makes things quick again.

find directory -maxdepth 1 -type f | xargs ls -l | awk 'BEGIN { SUM=0} { SUM+=$5 } END { print SUM/2^20 }'
top -bn 1 | awk '{if($1 ~ /^[0-9]+$/ && $9 > 97) {print $1;exit}}'|xargs kill
2010-06-02 13:51:40
User: chx
Functions: awk top xargs
-1

I found Flash eating one of my CPUs after resume, the command above will help with that. For optional kicks you can put it into a script in /etc/pm/sleep.d/ (aspect in #swhack wrote this for me)

od -An -w999 -t xC <<< "$1" | sed 's/[ ]\?\(c[23]\) \(..\)/%\1%\2/g;s/ /\\\\\x/g' | xargs echo -ne
2010-05-31 16:35:52
Functions: echo od sed xargs
1

It only encodes non-Basic-ASCII chars, as they are the only ones not well readed by UTF-8 and ISO-8859-1 (latin-1).

It converts all

* C3 X (some latin symbols like ASCII-extended ones)

and * C2 X (some punctuation symbols like inverted exclamation)

...UTF-8 double byte symbols to escaped form that every parser understands to form the URLs. I didn't encode spaces and the rest of basic punctuation, but supposedly, space and others are coded as \x20, for example, in UTF-8, latin-1 and Windows-cp1252.... so its read perfectly.

Please feel free to correct, the application to which I designe that function works as expected with my assumption.

Note: I specify a w=999, I didn't find a flag to put unlimited value.

I just suppose very improbable surpass the de-facto 255 (* 3 byte max) = 765 bytes length of URL

find -type f -print0 | xargs -r0 stat -c %y\ %n | sort
2010-05-29 13:40:18
User: dooblem
Functions: find stat xargs
2

Works with files containing spaces and for very large directories.