Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands using xargs from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using xargs - 617 results
find ./ -size +10M -type f -print0 | xargs -0 ls -Ssh1 --color
find -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 -P 4 -I {} sh -c "zcat '{}' | mysql nix"
2009-08-25 15:05:55
User: skygreg
Functions: find sh xargs
3

this command works with one gziped file per table, and restore 4 tables in parallel.

locate -e somefile | xargs ls -l
2009-08-23 13:16:59
User: nadavkav
Functions: locate ls xargs
1

use the locate command to find files on the system and verify they exist (-e) then display each one in full details.

find /backup/directory -name "FILENAME_*" -mtime +15 | xargs rm -vf
find dir/ -type f | xargs tail -fqn0
2009-08-21 18:05:12
User: chickenzilla
Functions: find tail xargs
1

The `-q' arg forces tail to not output the name of the current file

sudo du -ks $(ls -d */) | sort -nr | cut -f2 | xargs -d '\n' du -sh 2> /dev/null
2009-08-17 22:21:09
User: Code_Bleu
Functions: cut du ls sort sudo xargs
Tags: disk usage
7

This allows the output to be sorted from largest to smallest in human readable format.

find . -type f -printf '%20s %p\n' | sort -n | cut -b22- | tr '\n' '\000' | xargs -0 ls -laSr
2009-08-13 13:13:33
User: fsilveira
Functions: cut find ls sort tr xargs
Tags: sort find ls
10

This command will find the biggest files recursively under a certain directory, no matter if they are too many. If you try the regular commands ("find -type f -exec ls -laSr {} +" or "find -type f -print0 | xargs -0 ls -laSr") the sorting won't be correct because of command line arguments limit.

This command won't use command line arguments to sort the files and will display the sorted list correctly.

find . -name "*.[ch]" | xargs grep "TODO"
find $MAILDIR/ -type f -printf '%T@ %p\n' | sort --reverse | sed -e '{ 1,100d; s/[0-9]*\.[0-9]* \(.*\)/\1/g }' | xargs -i sh -c "cat {}&&rm -f {}" | gzip -c >>ARCHIVE.gz
cat files.txt | xargs tar -cv | tar -x -c $DIR/
2009-08-06 22:55:21
User: lingo
Functions: cat tar xargs
0

If you want certain files out of a directory hierarchy, this will copy just the listed files, but will create the directory hierarchy in the new location ($DIR/)

find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 -P 4 -n 40 grep -i foobar
2009-08-05 23:18:44
User: ketil
Functions: find grep xargs
4

xargs -P N spawns up to N worker processes. -n 40 means each grep command gets up to 40 file names each on the command line.

find . -name "*.gz" | xargs -n 1 -I {} bash -c "gunzip -c {} | sort | gzip -c --best > {}.new ; rm {} ; mv {}.new {}"
2009-08-05 14:16:15
User: kennethjor
Functions: bash find xargs
-2

I used this because I needed to sort the content of a bunch of gzipped log files. Replace sort with something else, or simply remove sort to just rezip everything

ifconfig | grep "0xffffffff" | awk '{ print $2 }' | xargs -n 1 ifconfig em0 delete
2009-08-04 05:18:36
User: vwal
Functions: awk grep ifconfig xargs
3

The example command deletes all aliases for network interface 'em0' assuming that the aliases have netmask of 255.255.255.255 and the master IP has some other netmask (such as 255.255.255.0). See here -> http://my.galagzee.com/2009/07/22/deleting-all-network-interface-aliases/ for more on the rationale of this command.

curl -s http://isc.sans.org/sources.html|grep "ipinfo.html"|awk -F"ip=" {'print $2'}|awk -F"\"" {'print $1'}|xargs -n1 sudo iptables -A OUTPUT -j DROP -d > 2&>1
find . -maxdepth 2 -name "*somepattern" -print0 | xargs -0 -I "{}" echo mv "{}" /destination/path
2009-08-01 01:55:47
User: jonasrullo
Functions: echo find mv xargs
3

Only tested on Linux Ubunty Hardy. Works when file names have spaces. The "-maxdepth 2" limits the find search to the current directory and the next one deeper in this example. This was faster on my system because find was searching every directory before the current directory without the -maxdepth option. Almost as fast as locate when used as above. Must use double quotes around pattern to handle spaces in file names. -print0 is used in combination with xargs -0. Those are zeros not "O"s. For xargs, -I is used to replace the following "{}" with the incoming file-list items from find. Echo just prints to the command line what is happening with mv. mv needs "{}" again so it knows what you are moving from. Then end with the move destination. Some other versions may only require one "{}" in the move command and not after the -I, however this is what worked for me on Ubuntu 8.04. Some like to use -type f in the find command to limit the type.

ls -pt1 | sed '/.*\//d' | sed 1d | xargs rm
2009-07-29 13:59:58
User: patko
Functions: ls sed xargs
6

Useful for deleting old unused log files.

ls -t1 | head -n1 | xargs tail -f
svn ls -R | egrep -v -e "\/$" | xargs svn blame | awk '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -r
2009-07-29 02:10:45
User: askedrelic
Functions: awk egrep ls sort uniq xargs
Tags: svn count
16

I'm working in a group project currently and annoyed at the lack of output by my teammates. Wanting hard metrics of how awesome I am and how awesome they aren't, I wrote this command up.

It will print a full repository listing of all files, remove the directories which confuse blame, run svn blame on each individual file, and tally the resulting line counts. It seems quite slow, depending on your repository location, because blame must hit the server for each individual file. You can remove the -R on the first part to print out the tallies for just the current directory.

find -name '*oldname*' -print0 | xargs -0 rename 's/oldname/newname/'
2009-07-27 00:44:06
Functions: find rename xargs
0

This is better than doing a "for `find ...`; do ...; done", if any of the returned filenames have a space in them, it gets mangled. This should be able to handle any files.

Of course, this only works if you have rename installed on your system, so it's not a very portable command.

ls -drt /var/log/* | tail -n5 | xargs sudo tail -n0 -f
2009-07-22 14:44:41
User: kanaka
Functions: ls sudo tail xargs
Tags: bash tail log watch
5

This command finds the 5 (-n5) most frequently updated logs in /var/log, and then does a multifile tail follow of those log files.

Alternately, you can do this to follow a specific list of log files:

sudo tail -n0 -f /var/log/{messages,secure,cron,cups/error_log}

find / | xargs ls -l | tr -s ' ' | cut -d ' ' -f 1,3,4,9
ps -u $USER |grep $1 | awk '{ print $1}'| xargs kill
2009-07-20 10:06:32
User: buffer
Functions: awk grep ps xargs
-4

Well this can come handy , when you don't feel like playing with pid rather if you know

the process name say "firefox",it would kill it.The script given below would kill the process with its name given as first parameter , though not robust enough to notify that process doesn't exist , well if you know what you are doing that's wouldn't be a problem.:)

----

killhim.sh

----

#!/bin/bash

ps -u $USER |grep $1 | awk '{ print $1}'| xargs kill

----

git ls-files -z --deleted | xargs -0 git rm
2009-07-14 08:29:38
User: blindgaenger
Functions: xargs
Tags: git
5

I've used technicalpickles command a lot, but this one handles whitespaces in filenames. I'm sure you want to create an alias for it :)

find . -name '*.html' -print0| xargs -0 -L1 cat |sed "s/[\"\<\>' \t\(\);]/\n/g" |grep "http://" |sort -u
2009-07-14 07:00:15
User: jamespitt
Functions: cat find grep sed sort xargs
4

Just a handy way to get all the unique links from inside all the html files inside a directory. Can be handy on scripts etc.

/originalInstall/gem list | tr -d '(),' | xargs -L 1 sudo ./gemInst.sh
2009-07-09 21:46:06
User: snakerdlk
Functions: sudo tr xargs
Tags: bash Linux
0

gemInst.sh:

#!/bin/bash

for i in $@; do

if [ "$1" != "$i" ]

then

echo /newInstall/gem install $1 -v=\"$i\"

/newInstall/gem install $1 -v="$i"

if [ "$?" != "0" ]

then

echo -e "\n\nGEM INSTALL ERROR: $1\n\n"

echo "$1" > gemInst.err

fi

fi

done