Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Hide

Credits

True Random Dice Roll

Terminal - True Random Dice Roll
echo $((0x$(head -c5 /dev/random|xxd -ps)%6+1))
2012-09-21 02:16:42
User: atoponce
Functions: echo head
9
True Random Dice Roll

/dev/random is said to by cryptographically secure, and unpredictable, as it gathers data from external sources, influenced by human timing interactions with computers, to fill the entropy pool. As such, this is a quick way to do a true random fair-6 dice roll. Using this method, you could easily create passphrases with Diceware http://diceware.com.

for i in {1..5}; do echo -n $((0x$(head -c5 /dev/random|xxd -ps)%6+1)); done; echo

Alternatives

There is 1 alternative - vote for the best!

Terminal - Alternatives
echo $(</dev/urandom tr -dc 1-6 | head -c1)

Know a better way?

If you can do better, submit your command here.

What others think

Hmmm. Not quite true random. From one byte of randomness mod 6 there are 43 possible 0-3s and only 42 possible 4-5s - therefore your die is weighted against fives and sixes. Perhaps echo $(

Comment by unixmonkey40000 149 weeks and 1 day ago

You are absolutely right. However, it's biased away from 5 and 6 by 2 percent. So, you could update the command to read more bytes. Reading 2 bytes would produce a bias away from 5 and 6 by 9 thousandths of one percent. Reading 3 bytes would produce a bias away from 5 and 6 of 4 one-hundred thousandths by one percent. I would be willing to bet that standard fabricated dice have a larger bias towards some numbers than that. So, for practical purposes, reading only 10 bytes, would be more than sufficient, and certainly "close enough". I've updated the post.

Comment by atoponce 149 weeks ago

Your point of view

You must be signed in to comment.