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List all disks and all of their partitions on OS X. http://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#documentation/Darwin/Reference/ManPages/man8/diskutil.8.html
There are 2 alternatives - vote for the best!
file(1) can print details about certain devices in the /dev/ directory (block devices in this example). This helped me to know at a glance the location and revision of my bootloader, UUIDs, filesystem status, which partitions were primaries / logicals, etc.. without running several commands.
file -s /dev/dm-*
file -s /dev/cciss/*
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.
`blkid` is an interface to libuuid - it can read Device Mapper, EVMS, LVM, MD, and regular block devices.
-c /dev/null - Do not use cached output from /etc/blkid.tab or /etc/blkid/blkid.tab (RHEL)
-i - Display I/O Limits (aka I/O topology) information (not available in RHEL)
-p - Low-level superblock probing mode (not available in RHEL)
Another alternative to blkid, lsblk, file -s, cat /proc/paritions, fdisk -l, etc..
If you can do better, submit your command here.
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