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Appends output to the file, some systems require the -a to do this.
There are 3 alternatives - vote for the best!
What does it mean?
The redirection operator n>&m makes file descriptor n to be a copy of file descriptor m. So, whe are:
- Opening a new file descriptor, 3, that is a copy of file descriptor 1, the standard output;
- Making file descriptor 1 a copy of file descriptor 2, the standard error output;
- Making file descriptor 2 to be a copy of file descriptor 3 (the "backup" of the standard output)
in a short: we swapped the standard output and the standard error output.
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