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embed referred images in HTML files

Terminal - embed referred images in HTML files
grep -ioE "(url\(|src=)['\"]?[^)'\"]*" a.html | grep -ioE "[^\"'(]*.(jpg|png|gif)" | while read l ; do sed -i "s>$l>data:image/${l/[^.]*./};base64,`openssl enc -base64 -in $l| tr -d '\n'`>" a.html ; done;
2010-05-05 14:07:51
User: zhangweiwu
Functions: grep read sed
embed referred images in HTML files

in "a.html", find all images referred as relative URI in an HTML file by "src" attribute of "img" element, replace them with "data:" URI. This useful to create single HTML file holding all images in it, as a replacement of the IE-created .mht file format. The generated HTML works fine on every other browser except IE, as well as many HTML editors like kompozer, while the .mht format only works for IE, but not for every other browser. Compare to the KDE's own single-file-web-page format "war" format, which only opens correctly on KDE, the HTML file with "data:" URI is more universally supported.

The above command have many bugs. My commandline-fu is too limited to fix them:

1. it assume all URLs are relative URIs, thus works in this case:

<img src="images/logo.png"/>

but does not work in this case:

<img src="http://www.my_web_site.com/images/logo.png" />

This may not be a bug, as full URIs perhaps should be ignored in many use cases.

2. it only work for images whoes file name suffix is one of .jpg, .gif, .png, albeit images with .jpeg suffix and those without extension names at all are legal to HTML.

3. image file name is not allowed to contain "(" even though frequently used, as in "(copy of) my car.jpg". Besides, neither single nor double quotes are allowed.

4. There is infact a big flaw in this, file names are actually used as regular expression to be replaced with base64 encoded content. This cause the script to fail in many other cases. Example: 'D:\images\logo.png', where backward slash have different meaning in regular expression. I don't know how to fix this. I don't know any command that can do full text (no regular expression) replacement the way basic editors like gedit does.

5. The original a.html are not preserved, so a user should make a copy first in case things go wrong.


There are 2 alternatives - vote for the best!

Terminal - Alternatives

Know a better way?

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What others think

A braver soul could also try an mht2html converter script, for those non-IE user who received .mht file from other places and could not use them. I am not sure if it can be done in one line. I would be glad to write a script to do it and publish the script as a piece of software, if proven not possible to do it with commandline-fu.

Comment by zhangweiwu 290 weeks and 6 days ago

Brilliant. When turning it into a script, first ``cd `dirname $1```.

Comment by cayhorstmann 12 weeks and 3 days ago

Your point of view

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