Commands by Exill1933 (0)

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tee to a file descriptor
the tee command does fine with file names, but not so much with file descriptors, such as &2 (stderr). This uses process redirection to tee to the specified descriptor. In the sample output, it's being used to tee to stderr, which is connected with the terminal, and to wc -l, which is also outputting to the terminal. The result is the output of bash --version followed by the linecount

highlight with grep and still output file contents

uncomment the lines where the word DEBUG is found

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Processes by CPU usage

In place line numbering
Add permanent line numbers to a file without creating a temp file. The rm command deletes file10 while the nl command works on the open file descriptor of file10 which it outputs into a new file again named file10. The new file10 will now be numbered in the same directory with the same file name and content as before, but it will in fact be a new file, using (ls -i) to show its inode number will prove this.

Copy a folder tree through ssh using compression (no temporary files)
This command will copy a folder tree (keeping the parent folders) through ssh. It will: - compress the data - stream the compressed data through ssh - decompress the data on the local folder This command will take no additional space on the host machine (no need to create compressed tar files, transfer it and then delete it on the host). There is some situations (like mirroring a remote machine) where you simply cant wait for a huge time taking scp command or cant compress the data to a tarball on the host because of file system space limitation, so this command can do the job quite well. This command performs very well mainly when a lot of data is involved in the process. If you copying a low amount of data, use scp instead (easier to type)

Runs previous command but replacing
Replaces the first instance of 'foo' with 'bar'. To replace all instances of 'foo' with 'bar': !!:gs/foo/bar/

get partitions that are over 50% usage

Create an SSH SOCKS proxy server on localhost:8000 that will re-start itself if something breaks the connection temporarily
This command will log you into somehost via SSH and then go into the background (-f). From there, you can point e.g. firefox at localhost:8000 as a SOCKS proxy. Autossh will use port 20000 and 20001 to send and receive test data on those ports to ensure the SSH tunnel is still running, and will try to re-start the tunnel if it goes down. Make sure you have ssh-agent running, or passwordless ssh keys distributed between the two hosts.


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