Commands by Marco (6)

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.

Diff on two variables
You got some results in two variables within your shell script and would like to find the differences? Changes in process lists, reworked file contents, ... . No need to write to temporary files. You can use all the diff parameters you'll need. Maybe anything like $ grep "^>" is helpful afterwards.

Show line numbers in a text file

Backup (archive) your Gmail IMAP folders.
Copies an entire hierarchy of mailboxes from the named POP3/IMAP/etc. source to the named destination. Mailboxes are created on the destination as needed. NOTE: The 'mailutil' is Washington's University 'mailutil' (apt-get install uw-mailutils). More examples $ mailutil transfer {[email protected]}INBOX Gmail/ ; mailutil check[email protected]}\[Gmail\]/Spam If you use the utility in the first, append -v|-d flag(s) to the end the commands above (man mailutil).

Find the ratio between ram usage and swap usage.
it provides the ratio used for the RAM and The SWAP under Linux. When swappiness is high, Swap usage is high. When swappiness is low, Ram usage is high.

Selecting a random file/folder of a folder
I used only shuf command.

Get the size of all the directories in current directory
OSX's BSD version of the du command uses the -d argument instead of --max-depth.

list files recursively by size

Expand shortened URLs
curl(1) is more portable than wget(1) across Unices, so here is an alternative doing the same thing with greater portability. This shell function uses curl(1) to show what site a shortened URL is pointing to, even if there are many nested shortened URLs. This is a great way to test whether or not the shortened URL is sending you to a malicious site, or somewhere nasty that you don't want to visit. The sample output is from: $ expandurl

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