Commands by RAKK (5)

  • Lists directory size up to a maximum traversal depth on systems like IBM AIX, where the du command doesn't have Linux's --max-depth option. AIX's du uses -g to display directory size on gigabytes, -m to use megabytes, and -k to use kilobytes. tr### is a Perl function that replaces characters and returns the amount of changed characters, so in this case it will return how many slashes there were in the full path name. Show Sample Output


    0
    du -g | perl -ne 'print if (tr#/#/# == <maximum depth>)'
    RAKK · 2014-02-15 07:33:36 4
  • This command allows you to mirror folders or files with rsync using a secure SSH channel with a forced HMAC integrity algorithm. Use this if you are absolutely adamant about preserving data integrity while mirroring a set of files. --partial is for resumability.


    0
    rsync -av -e "ssh -o MACs=hmac-ripemd160" --progress --partial user@remotehost://path/to/remote/stuff .
    RAKK · 2014-02-01 00:46:38 2
  • This command is used to verify a sha256sum-formatted file hash list on IBM AIX or any other UNIX-like OS that has openssl but doesn't have sha256sum by default. Steps: 1: Save to the filesystem a script that: A: Receives as arguments the two parts of one line of a sha256sum listing B: Feeds a file into openssl on SHA256 standard input hash calculation mode, and saves the result C: Compares the calculated hash against the one received as argument D: Outputs the result in a sha256sum-like format 2: Make the script runnable 3: Feed the sha256sum listing to xargs, running the aforementioned script and passing 2 arguments at a time Show Sample Output


    0
    echo '#! /usr/bin/ksh\ncat $2 | openssl dgst -sha256 | read hashish; if [[ $hashish = $1 ]]; then echo $2: OK; else echo $2: FAILED; fi;' > shacheck; chmod +x shacheck; cat hashishes.sha256 | xargs -n 2 ./shacheck;
    RAKK · 2013-09-18 21:51:20 3
  • This command is for UNIX OSes that have plain vanilla System V UNIX commands instead of their more functional GNU counterparts, such as IBM AIX.


    1
    gzip -cd gzippedarchive.tar.gz | tar -xf -
    RAKK · 2013-09-18 17:41:25 4
  • This command is for producing GNU sha256sum-compatible hashes on UNIX systems that don't have sha256sum but do have OpenSSL, such as stock IBM AIX. 1.- Saves a wrapper script for UNIX find that does the following: A.- Feeds a file to openssl on SHA256 hash calculation mode B.- Echoes the output followed by the filename 2.- Makes the file executable 3.- Runs find on a directory, only processing files, and running on each one the wrapper script that calculates SHA256 hashes Pending is figuring out how to verify a sha256sum file on a similar environment. Show Sample Output


    0
    echo '#! /usr/bin/ksh\necho `cat $1 | openssl dgst -sha256` $1' > sslsha256; chmod +x sslsha256; find directory -type f -exec ./sslsha256 \{\} \;
    RAKK · 2013-09-18 17:37:50 2

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Ensure that each machine that you log in to has its own history file
On systems where your home directory is shared across different machines, your bash history will be global, rather than being a separate history per machine. This setting in your .bashrc file will ensure that each machine has its own history file.

Every Nth line position # (AWK)
A better way to show the file lines 3n + 1

list ips with high number of connections

Leap year calculation

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Easily find latex package documentation
If the pdf/dvi/etc documentation for a latex package is already part of your local texmf tree, then texdoc will find and display it for you. If the documentation is not available on your system, it will bring up the package's webpage at CTAN to help you investigate.

extract column from csv file
extracts the 5th column using the delimiter ','

Get a quick list of all user and group owners of files and dirs under the cwd.
find -printf '%u\n' | sort | uniq #just users find -printf '%g\n' | sort | uniq #just groups

check open ports (both ipv4 and ipv6)

Update your journal
prerequisite: $ mkdir ~/journal


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: