Commands by Zeben (2)

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Split lossless audio (ape, flac, wav, wv) by cue file
Do you have an entire album in a unique file and want to split it in individual tracks? If you also have the cue file you can do it! Packages for Debian-based systems users: * cuetools shntool * FLAC (.flac): flac * WavPack (.wv): wavpack * Monkey's Audio (.ape): libmac2 monkeys-audio (deb sid main) NOTE: "sid" packages are unstable, but I didn't have problems with them. If you prefer, use the "stable" version repository. To transfer the tags, you can use this (works with .flac, .ogg and .mp3): $ cuetag sample.cue split-track*.flac

run command on a group of nodes in parallel

Display BIOS Information
read the memory from C:0000 to F:FFFF without the need auf dmidecode

Make a server's console beep when the network is down
This is like ping -a, but it does the opposite. It alerts you if the network is down, not up. Note that the beep will be from the speaker on the server, not from your terminal. Once a second, this script checks if the Internet is accessible and beeps if it is not. I define the Net as being "UP", if I can ping Google's public DNS server (, but of course you could pick a different static IP address. I redirect the beep to /dev/console so that I can run this in the background from /etc/rc.local. Of course, doing that requires that the script is run by a UID or GID that has write permissions to /dev/console (usually only root). Question: I am not sure if the -W1 flag works under BSD. I have only tested this under GNU/Linux using ping from iputils. If anybody knows how portable -W is, please post a comment.

list processes with established tcp connections (without netstat)
Uses lsof to list open network connections (file descriptors), grepping for only those in an established state

Show numerical values for each of the 256 colors in ZSH
This will show a numerical value for each of the 256 colors in ZSH. Everything in the command is a ZSH builtin, so it should run on any platform where ZSH is installed. Prints one color per line. If someone is interested in formatting the output, paste the alternative.

Extract audio from Mythtv recording to Rockbox iPod using ffmpeg
There are some pretty good live performances on late night TV. With Mythtv I record David Letterman, Jimmy Fallon, and Conan nightly all in HD from over the air broadcasts. If I find a live performance I like I copy it to my Rockboxed iPod using this command. The Rockbox firmware knows how to downmix 5.1 audio. The command above extracts the audio from the video starting at 58 minutes and 15 seconds. It ends at the end of the file since this was the last performance of the recording. The command creates an ac3 file. I copy the ac3 file to my Rockbox iPod and rock on.

Position the cursor under the current directory line
In case you're like me and like your commands to start on clean lines, especially when you're deep into a 10-level directory tree. This can be added to .bashrc.

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

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