Commands by camocrazed (9)

  • when using Gnome or KDE, you will have a hard time getting a screenshot of something like a login screen, or any other screen that occurs before the desktop environment is up and monitoring the printscreen key. (this probably applies for other DEs as well, but I haven't used them) What this command is meant to do is take a screenshot of an X window using a command you can run from your virtual terminals (actual text terminals, not just an emulator) To do this: Press CTRL+ALT+F1 to go to a virtual (text) terminal once your login window comes up Login to the virtual terminal and enter the command (you'll have to type it in) You should now have a file called screenshot.png in your home directory with your screenshot in it. For those of you who are new to the virtual terminal thing, you can use CTRL+ALT+F7 to get back to your regular GUI From http://www.gnome.org


    3
    chvt 7 ; sleep 2 ; DISPLAY=:0.0 import -window root screenshot.png
    camocrazed · 2010-08-20 17:28:49 2
  • Broaden your knowledge of the utilities available to you in no particular order whatsoever! Then use that knowledge to create more nifty one-liners that you can post here. =p Takes a random number modulo the number of files in $dir, prints the filename corresponding to that number, and passes it as an argument to man.


    -2
    dir="/bin"; man $(ls $dir |sed -n "$(echo $(( $RANDOM % $(ls $dir |wc -l | awk "{ print $1; }" ) + 1 )) )p")
    camocrazed · 2010-08-20 16:31:50 1
  • This will allow you to convert an audio file to wav format, and send it via ssh to a player on the other computer, which will open and play it there. Of course, substitute your information for the sound file and remote address You do not have to use paplay on the remote end, as it is a PulseAudio thing. If the remote end uses ALSA, you should use aplay instead. If it uses OSS, you should berate them about having a lousy sound system. Also, you're not limited to transmitting encoded as wav either, it's just that AFAIK, most systems don't come with mp3 codecs, but will play wav files fine. If you know SoX is installed on the remote end and has mp3 codecs, you can use the following instead: cat Klaxon.mp3 |ssh thelab@company.com play -t mp3 - this will transmit as mp3. Again, use your specific information. if you're not playing mp3s, use another type with the -t option


    7
    sox Klaxon.mp3 -t wav - |ssh thelab@company.com paplay
    camocrazed · 2010-07-29 23:23:39 0
  • This takes quite a while on my system. You may want to test it out with /bin first, or background it and keep working. If you want to get rid of the "No manual entry for [whatever]" and just have the [whatever], use the following sed command after this one finishes. sed -n 's/^No manual entry for \(.*\)/\1/p' nomanlist.txt Show Sample Output


    -2
    for file in $(ls /usr/bin ) ; do man -w $file 2>> nomanlist.txt >/dev/null ; done
    camocrazed · 2010-07-26 19:39:53 3
  • the tee command does fine with file names, but not so much with file descriptors, such as &2 (stderr). This uses process redirection to tee to the specified descriptor. In the sample output, it's being used to tee to stderr, which is connected with the terminal, and to wc -l, which is also outputting to the terminal. The result is the output of bash --version followed by the linecount Show Sample Output


    5
    tee >(cat - >&2)
    camocrazed · 2010-07-20 17:22:31 3
  • If you're going to use od, here's how to suppress the labels at the beginning. Also, it doesn't output the \x, hence the sed command at the end. Remove it for space separated hex values instead Show Sample Output


    5
    echo -n "text" | od -A n -t x1 |sed 's/ /\\x/g'
    camocrazed · 2010-07-14 15:31:36 2
  • first off, if you just want a random UUID, here's the actual command to use: uuidgen Your chances of finding a duplicate after running this nonstop for a year are about the same as being hit by a meteorite before finishing this sentence The reason for the command I have is that it's more provably unique than the one that uuidgen creates. uuidgen creates a random one by default, or an unencrypted one based on time and network address if you give it the -t option. Mine uses the mac address of the ethernet interface, the process id of the caller, and the system time down to nanosecond resolution, which is provably unique over all computers past, present, and future, subject to collisions in the cryptographic hash used, and the uniqueness of your mac address. Warning: feel free to experiment, but be warned that the stdin of the hash is binary data at that point, which may mess up your terminal if you don't pipe it into something. If it does mess up though, just type reset Show Sample Output


    0
    printf $(( echo "obase=16;$(echo $$$(date +%s%N))"|bc; ip link show|sed -n '/eth/ {N; p}'|grep -o -E '([[:xdigit:]]{1,2}:){5}[[:xdigit:]]{1,2}'|head -c 17 )|tr -d [:space:][:punct:] |sed 's/[[:xdigit:]]\{2\}/\\x&/g')|sha1sum|head -c 32; echo
    camocrazed · 2010-07-14 14:04:53 0
  • Change the number to change the number of spaces. Leaving it out defaults to 8. Leaving out the filename defaults to stdin. And to do it in reverse, you can use the unexpand command.


    -1
    expand -t 2 <filename>
    camocrazed · 2010-07-13 23:04:57 0
  • Same as another one I saw, just with a cleaner sed command Edit: updated the sed command to use the [[:xdigit:]] character class - more portable between locales Note that it will have a newline inserted after every 32 characters of input, due to the output of xxd Show Sample Output


    0
    echo -n 'text' | xxd -ps | sed 's/[[:xdigit:]]\{2\}/\\x&/g'
    camocrazed · 2010-07-13 21:46:30 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Downlaoad websites to 5 level and browse offline!
Download Websites to 5 Level and browse offline! -k -> convert-links (to browse offline) -r -> recursive download -l 5 -> level 5 example. http://gentoo-install.com :-)

convert a line to a space

Find a CommandlineFu users average command rating

Compare directories via diff
http://hints.macworld.com/article.php?story=20070408062023352

List only directories, one per line
Alternatively, $ ls -F | grep /\$ but will break on directories containing newlines. Or the safe, POSIX sh way (but will miss dotfiles): $ for i in *; do test -d "./$i" && printf "%s\n" "$i"; done

convert a,b,c to ('a','b','c') for use in SQL in-clauses

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

Decode base64-encoded file in one line of Perl
Another option is openssl.

Setting global redirection of STDERR to STDOUT in a script
You have a script where =ALL= STDERR should be redirected to STDIN and you don't want to add "2>&1" at the end of each command... E.G.: $ ls -al /foo/bar 2>&1 Than just add this piece of code at the beginning of your script! I hope this can help someone. :)

Calculate days on which Friday the 13th occurs
I removed the dependency of the English language


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: