Commands by cd (1)

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ls -hog --> a more compact ls -l
I often deal with long file names and the 'ls -l' command leaves very little room for file names. An alternative is to use the -h -o and -g flags (or together, -hog). * The -h flag produces human-readable file size (e.g. 91K instead of 92728) * The -o suppresses the owner column * The -g suppresses the group column Since I use to alias ll='ls -l', I now do alias ll='ls -hog'

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Show a config file without comments

Install pip with Proxy
Installs pip packages defining a proxy

Print a row of characters across the terminal
shorter than alternative

Monitor bandwidth by pid
Nethogs is a useful tool for monitor bandwidth consumption by pid. Tested on Debian an CentOs

Alias to securely run X from tty and close that tty afterwards.
There are different ways to run X, I prefer to run it without xdm/gdm. The problem is you can't lock X because one can press Ctrl+Alt+F1, press Ctrl+Z and kill you X locking process. Of course you can disable Ctrl+Alt* or Ctrl+Alt+Backspace keys, but it's inconvinient if you really need to switch into console.

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

recursively change file name from uppercase to lowercase (or viceversa)
or, to process a single directory: $ for f in *; do mv $f `echo $f |tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]'`; done


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