Commands by jonty (6)

  • If you spend all day editing in vi then switching your fingers to Emacs mode just for the command line can be difficult. Use set -o vi in your bash shell and enjoy the power of a real editor.


    1
    set -o vi; ls -l jnuk<ESC>bCjunk
    jonty · 2009-02-05 22:58:51 0
  • Einstein's razor: As simple as possible, but not simpler. On the destination machine netcat listens on any port (1234 in the example) and sends anything it receives into a file or pipe. On the source machine a separate netcat takes input from a file or pipe and sends it over the network to the listener. This is great between machines on a LAN where you don't care about authentication, encryption, or compression and I would recommend it for being simpler than anything else in this situation. Over the internet you should use something with better security.


    3
    (on destination machine) nc -l 1234 > whatever; (on source machine) nc destination 1234 < whatever;
    jonty · 2009-02-05 21:35:08 0
  • At some point you want to know what packets are flowing on your network. Use tcpdump for this. The man page is obtuse, to say the least, so here are some simple commands to get you started. -n means show IP numbers and don't try to translate them to names. -l means write a line as soon as it is ready. -i eth0 means trace the packets flowing through the first ethernet interface. src or dst w.x.y.z traces only packets going to or from IP address w.x.y.z. port 80 traces only packets for HTTP. proto udp traces only packets for UDP protocol. Once you are happy with each option combine them with 'and' 'or' 'not' to get the effects you want.


    2
    tcpdump -nli eth0; tcpdump -nli eth0 src or dst w.x.y.z; tcpdump -nli eth0 port 80; tcpdump -nli eth0 proto udp
    jonty · 2009-02-05 17:41:55 0
  • If you are already running screen then you often want to start a command in a fresh window. You use this alias by typing 's whatever' from your command line and 'whatever' starts running in a new window. Good with interactive commands like info, vim, and nethack.


    18
    alias s='screen -X screen'; s top; s vi; s man ls;
    jonty · 2009-02-05 13:47:14 1
  • Fool date by setting the timezone out by 24 hours and you get yesterday's date. Try TZ=XYZ-24 to get tomorrow's date. I live in TZ=GMT0BST so you might need to shift the number 24 by the hours in your timezone.


    1
    TZ=XYZ24 date
    jonty · 2009-02-05 13:27:14 2
  • I find this handy for linking all the bin files in a package to /usr/bin or all the man files to /usr/share/man. You can replace * with */* to operate on all the files in subdirectories.


    0
    cd /this/directory; for f in *; do ln -s `pwd`/$f /that/directory; done
    jonty · 2009-02-05 13:21:16 0

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Change a specific value in a path
Awk replaces the value of a specific field while retaining the field separator "/" .

flip faster and more precisely through commands saved in history
flip shell history with PG UP/PG DOWN like with arrows. just type ss and PG UP and see all ssh commands, type ls and PG DOWN - see all ls commands. need to uncomment two options in /etc/inputrc: "\e[5~": history-search-backward "\e[6~": history-search-forward hack found: http://broddlit.wordpress.com/2008/04/12/making-the-bash-history-a-better-place/

rot13 simple substitution cipher via command line
E.g. Useful for hiding spoilers in reviews, etc.

Creates a 'path' command that always prints the full path to any file
The command creates an alias called 'path', so it's useful to add it to your .profile or .bash_profile. The path command then prints the full path of any file, directory, or list of files given. Soft links will be resolved to their true location. This is especially useful if you use scp often to copy files across systems. Now rather then using pwd to get a directory, and then doing a separate cut and paste to get a file's name, you can just type 'path file' and get the full path in one operation.

summarize a list of IP addresses, verifying IP address and giving counts for each IP found
Working with lists of IP addresses it is sometimes useful to summarize a count of how many times an IP address appears in the file. This example, summarizeIP, uses another function "verifyIP" previously defined in commandlinefu.com to ensure only valid IP addresses get counted. The summary list is presented in count order starting with highest count.

Print diagram of user/groups
Parses /etc/group to "dot" format and pases it to "display" (imagemagick) to show a usefull diagram of users and groups (don't show empty groups).

Show top 50 running processes ordered by highest memory/cpu usage refreshing every 1s
http://alvinalexander.com/linux/unix-linux-process-memory-sort-ps-command-cpu for an overview of --sort available values

Create a git alias that will pull and fast-forward the current branch if there are no conflicts
This command will first add an alias known only to git, which will allow you to pull a remote and first-forward the current branch. However, if the remote/branch and your branch have diverged, it will stop before actually trying to merge the two, so you can back out the changes. http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-pull.html Tested on git 1.5.6.1, msysgit (Windows port) Actually this is not really the way I want it. I want it to attempt a fast-foward, but not attempt to merge or change my working copy. Unfortunately git pull doesn't have that functionality (yet?).

check for write/read permissions
su www-apache/ftp user and then check readable: find ~/ -type d \( -wholename '/dev/*' -o -wholename '/sys/*' -o -wholename '/proc/*' \) -prune -o -exec test -r {} \; -exec echo {} readable \; 2>/dev/null check writable: find ~/ -type d \( -wholename '/dev/*' -o -wholename '/sys/*' -o -wholename '/proc/*' \) -prune -o -exec test -w {} \; -exec echo {} writable \; 2>/dev/null

Install pip with Proxy
Installs pip packages defining a proxy


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