Commands by lucasrangit (9)


  • 2
    gcc -dM -E - < /dev/null
    lucasrangit · 2012-04-27 17:37:50 0
  • When you SSH to a server who's hostname or IP has changed since the last time a connection was recorded in the known_hosts file a warning will be displayed since this indicated a possible DNS spoofing attack. If this is a known change then this command will remove the previous entry and allow the SSH connection. The SSH client will prompt you as if it was the first time connected to the server. Replace ${LINE} with the line of the offending key in ~known_hosts. 49 in the sample output. Show Sample Output


    -5
    sed -i '${LINE}d' ~/.ssh/known_host
    lucasrangit · 2012-01-16 18:00:12 3
  • I often find it useful to know what the exit status for a program was. This can be helpful when looking up errors by exit status or when scripting frequent commands. Taken from http://www.faqs.org/docs/abs/HTML/exit-status.html Show Sample Output


    -1
    echo $?
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-27 15:34:20 0
  • This avoids the "chmod +x filename" after performing a check out or export. From http://snipplr.com/view/5277/set-executable-permissions-on-a-file-under-subversion/ Show Sample Output


    2
    svn propset svn:executable ON filename
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-18 22:51:43 0
  • This will extract all DCT format images from foo.pdf and save them in JPEG format (option -j) to bar-000.jpg, bar-001.jpg, bar-002.jpg, etc. Inspired by http://stefaanlippens.net/extract-images-from-pdf-documents


    3
    pdfimages -j foo.pdf bar
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-07 17:18:36 0
  • Booting the VM headless via VBoxHeadless requires knowledge of the VM's network in order to connect. Using VBoxManage in this way and you can SSH to the VM without first looking up the current IP, which changes depending on how you have your VM configured. Show Sample Output


    9
    ssh vm-user@`VBoxManage guestproperty get "vm-name" "/VirtualBox/GuestInfo/Net/0/V4/IP" | awk '{ print $2 }'`
    lucasrangit · 2011-05-04 18:01:36 0

  • 4
    abiword --to=html file.doc --exp-props=
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-05 19:31:25 0
  • I often find the need to number enumerations and other lists when programming. With this command, create a new file called 'inputfile' with the text you want to number. Paste the contents of 'outputfile' back into your source file and fix the tabbing if necessary. You can also change this to output hex numbering by changing the "%02d" to "%02x". If you need to start at 0 replace "NR" with "NR-1". I adapted this from http://osxdaily.com/2010/05/20/easily-add-line-numbers-to-a-text-file/. Show Sample Output


    1
    awk '{printf("/* %02d */ %s\n", NR,$0)}' inputfile > outputfile
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-04 19:13:55 0
  • Find C/C++ source files and headers in the current directory. Show Sample Output


    2
    find . -name '*.[c|h]pp' -o -name '*.[ch]' -type f
    lucasrangit · 2010-03-11 01:22:06 2

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

sort list of email addresses by domain.tld
email random list can be created here: https://www.randomlists.com/email-addresses

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Find usb device in realtime
Using this command you can track a moment when usb device was attached.

Set laptop display brightness
Run as root. Path may vary depending on laptop model and video card (this was tested on an Acer laptop with ATI HD3200 video). $ cat /proc/acpi/video/VGA/LCD/brightness to discover the possible values for your display.

Go up multiple levels of directories quickly and easily.
Change to your taste. Much quicker than having to add 'cd' every time. Add it to your .bashrc or .bash_profile.

Save a file you edited in vim without the needed permissions - (Open)solaris version with RBAC

Mount a partition from within a complete disk dump
Suppose you made a backup of your hard disk with dd: dd if=/dev/sda of=/mnt/disk/backup.img This command enables you to mount a partition from inside this image, so you can access your files directly. Substitute PARTITION=1 with the number of the partition you want to mount (returned from sfdisk -d yourfile.img).

Remove a line in a text file. Useful to fix
In this case it's better do to use the dedicated tool

Install pip with Proxy
Installs pip packages defining a proxy

Rename files in batch


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: