Commands by lucasrangit (9)


  • 2
    gcc -dM -E - < /dev/null
    lucasrangit · 2012-04-27 17:37:50 4
  • When you SSH to a server who's hostname or IP has changed since the last time a connection was recorded in the known_hosts file a warning will be displayed since this indicated a possible DNS spoofing attack. If this is a known change then this command will remove the previous entry and allow the SSH connection. The SSH client will prompt you as if it was the first time connected to the server. Replace ${LINE} with the line of the offending key in ~known_hosts. 49 in the sample output. Show Sample Output


    -5
    sed -i '${LINE}d' ~/.ssh/known_host
    lucasrangit · 2012-01-16 18:00:12 7
  • I often find it useful to know what the exit status for a program was. This can be helpful when looking up errors by exit status or when scripting frequent commands. Taken from http://www.faqs.org/docs/abs/HTML/exit-status.html Show Sample Output


    -1
    echo $?
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-27 15:34:20 4
  • This avoids the "chmod +x filename" after performing a check out or export. From http://snipplr.com/view/5277/set-executable-permissions-on-a-file-under-subversion/ Show Sample Output


    2
    svn propset svn:executable ON filename
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-18 22:51:43 4
  • This will extract all DCT format images from foo.pdf and save them in JPEG format (option -j) to bar-000.jpg, bar-001.jpg, bar-002.jpg, etc. Inspired by http://stefaanlippens.net/extract-images-from-pdf-documents


    3
    pdfimages -j foo.pdf bar
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-07 17:18:36 10
  • Booting the VM headless via VBoxHeadless requires knowledge of the VM's network in order to connect. Using VBoxManage in this way and you can SSH to the VM without first looking up the current IP, which changes depending on how you have your VM configured. Show Sample Output


    9
    ssh vm-user@`VBoxManage guestproperty get "vm-name" "/VirtualBox/GuestInfo/Net/0/V4/IP" | awk '{ print $2 }'`
    lucasrangit · 2011-05-04 18:01:36 7

  • 4
    abiword --to=html file.doc --exp-props=
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-05 19:31:25 8
  • I often find the need to number enumerations and other lists when programming. With this command, create a new file called 'inputfile' with the text you want to number. Paste the contents of 'outputfile' back into your source file and fix the tabbing if necessary. You can also change this to output hex numbering by changing the "%02d" to "%02x". If you need to start at 0 replace "NR" with "NR-1". I adapted this from http://osxdaily.com/2010/05/20/easily-add-line-numbers-to-a-text-file/. Show Sample Output


    1
    awk '{printf("/* %02d */ %s\n", NR,$0)}' inputfile > outputfile
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-04 19:13:55 25
  • Find C/C++ source files and headers in the current directory. Show Sample Output


    2
    find . -name '*.[c|h]pp' -o -name '*.[ch]' -type f
    lucasrangit · 2010-03-11 01:22:06 17

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Define words and phrases with google.
This function takes a word or a phrase as arguments and then fetches definitions using Google's "define" syntax. The "nl" and perl portion isn't strictly necessary. It just makes the output a bit more readable, but this also works: $define(){ local y="$@";curl -sA"Opera" "http://www.google.com/search?q=define:${y// /+}"|grep -Po '(?/dev/null;}

list files recursively by size

formatting number with comma
it is not work with Cygwin's bash3.X. Test in Linux. use printf "%'f" number while it is floating point number

Watch Network Service Activity in Real-time

Get last sleep time on a Mac

Add 10 random unrated songs to xmms2 playlist
If you're like me and want to keep all your music rated, and you use xmms2, you might like this command. I takes 10 random songs from your xmms2 library that don't have any rating, and adds them to your current playlist. You can then rate them in another xmms2 client that supports rating (I like kuechenstation). I'm pretty sure there's a better way to do the grep ... | sed ... part, probably with awk, but I don't know awk, so I'd welcome any suggestions.

Remote Serial connection redirected over network using SSH
Requires software found at: http://lpccomp.bc.ca/remserial/ Remote [A] (with physical serial port connected to device) $./remserial -d -p 23000 -s "115200 raw" /dev/ttyS0 & Local [B] (running the program that needs to connect to serial device) Create a SSH tunnel to the remote server: $ssh -N -L 23000:localhost:23000 user@hostwithphysicalserialport Use the locally tunnelled port to connect the local virtual serial port to the remote real physical port: $./remserial -d -r localhost -p 23000 -l /dev/remser1 /dev/ptmx & Example: Running minicom on machine B using serial /dev/remser1 will actually connect you to whatever device is plugged into machine A's serial port /dev/ttyS0.

Directory Tree

Random unsigned integer
Reads 4 bytes from the random device and formats them as unsigned integer between 0 and 2^32-1.

Kill process by pid
To kill a process in windows by using the PID. Change 10728 to the PID of the process you want to kill.


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: