Commands by lucasrangit (9)


  • 2
    gcc -dM -E - < /dev/null
    lucasrangit · 2012-04-27 17:37:50 0
  • When you SSH to a server who's hostname or IP has changed since the last time a connection was recorded in the known_hosts file a warning will be displayed since this indicated a possible DNS spoofing attack. If this is a known change then this command will remove the previous entry and allow the SSH connection. The SSH client will prompt you as if it was the first time connected to the server. Replace ${LINE} with the line of the offending key in ~known_hosts. 49 in the sample output. Show Sample Output


    -5
    sed -i '${LINE}d' ~/.ssh/known_host
    lucasrangit · 2012-01-16 18:00:12 3
  • I often find it useful to know what the exit status for a program was. This can be helpful when looking up errors by exit status or when scripting frequent commands. Taken from http://www.faqs.org/docs/abs/HTML/exit-status.html Show Sample Output


    -1
    echo $?
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-27 15:34:20 0
  • This avoids the "chmod +x filename" after performing a check out or export. From http://snipplr.com/view/5277/set-executable-permissions-on-a-file-under-subversion/ Show Sample Output


    2
    svn propset svn:executable ON filename
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-18 22:51:43 0
  • This will extract all DCT format images from foo.pdf and save them in JPEG format (option -j) to bar-000.jpg, bar-001.jpg, bar-002.jpg, etc. Inspired by http://stefaanlippens.net/extract-images-from-pdf-documents


    3
    pdfimages -j foo.pdf bar
    lucasrangit · 2011-07-07 17:18:36 0
  • Booting the VM headless via VBoxHeadless requires knowledge of the VM's network in order to connect. Using VBoxManage in this way and you can SSH to the VM without first looking up the current IP, which changes depending on how you have your VM configured. Show Sample Output


    9
    ssh vm-user@`VBoxManage guestproperty get "vm-name" "/VirtualBox/GuestInfo/Net/0/V4/IP" | awk '{ print $2 }'`
    lucasrangit · 2011-05-04 18:01:36 0

  • 4
    abiword --to=html file.doc --exp-props=
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-05 19:31:25 0
  • I often find the need to number enumerations and other lists when programming. With this command, create a new file called 'inputfile' with the text you want to number. Paste the contents of 'outputfile' back into your source file and fix the tabbing if necessary. You can also change this to output hex numbering by changing the "%02d" to "%02x". If you need to start at 0 replace "NR" with "NR-1". I adapted this from http://osxdaily.com/2010/05/20/easily-add-line-numbers-to-a-text-file/. Show Sample Output


    1
    awk '{printf("/* %02d */ %s\n", NR,$0)}' inputfile > outputfile
    lucasrangit · 2011-01-04 19:13:55 0
  • Find C/C++ source files and headers in the current directory. Show Sample Output


    2
    find . -name '*.[c|h]pp' -o -name '*.[ch]' -type f
    lucasrangit · 2010-03-11 01:22:06 2

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remove OSX resource forks ._ files
DESCRIPTION For each dir, dot_clean recursively merges all ._* files with their cor- responding native files according to the rules specified with the given arguments. By default, if there is an attribute on the native file that is also present in the ._ file, the most recent attribute will be used. If no operands are given, a usage message is output. If more than one directory is given, directories are merged in the order in which they are specified.

Numeric zero padding file rename
This uses Perl's rename utility (you may have to call it as prename on your box) and won't choke on spaces or other characters in filenames. It will also zero pad a number even in filenames like "vacation-4.jpg".

which process has a port open

Use jq to validate and pretty-print json output
The `jq` tool can also be used do validate json files and pretty print output: ` jq < file.json` Available on several platforms, including newer debian-based systems via `#sudo apt install jq`, mac via `brew install jq`, and from source https://stedolan.github.io/jq/download/ This alternative to the original avoids the useless use of cat

Create a mirror of a local folder, on a remote server
Create a exact mirror of the local folder "/root/files", on remote server 'remote_server' using SSH command (listening on port 22) (all files & folders on destination server/folder will be deleted)

Faster find and move using the find and xargs commands. Almost as fast as locate.
Only tested on Linux Ubunty Hardy. Works when file names have spaces. The "-maxdepth 2" limits the find search to the current directory and the next one deeper in this example. This was faster on my system because find was searching every directory before the current directory without the -maxdepth option. Almost as fast as locate when used as above. Must use double quotes around pattern to handle spaces in file names. -print0 is used in combination with xargs -0. Those are zeros not "O"s. For xargs, -I is used to replace the following "{}" with the incoming file-list items from find. Echo just prints to the command line what is happening with mv. mv needs "{}" again so it knows what you are moving from. Then end with the move destination. Some other versions may only require one "{}" in the move command and not after the -I, however this is what worked for me on Ubuntu 8.04. Some like to use -type f in the find command to limit the type.

check the status of 'dd' in progress (OS X)
"killall -USR1 dd" does not work in OS X for me. However, sending INFO instead of USR1 works.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Flush and then immediately start watching a file
This is useful for keeping an eye on an error log while developing. The !^ pulls the first arg from the previous command (which needs to be run in a sub-shell for this shortcut to work).

Search some text from all files inside a directory


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