Commands by mate (1)

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Display your ${PATH}, one directory per line
This works in bash and zsh. You may also want to alias it, if you need to look at it often... $ alias lpath="echo \$PATH | tr : \\\\n" "\$PATH" to make sure to look at your current $PATH

Optimize PDF documents

Top ten memory hogs
Inspired by #7065

List all available commands (bash, ksh93)

cycle through everything sox knows how to read, playing only the first three seconds
I wasted two hours reading the sox documentation and searching on the web for the format of some obscure fscking sound sample, and then finally came up with this. This plays only the first three seconds of your unknown formatted sound file using every one of sox's built-in filetypes. If you don't get an exact match, you may get close. . I could not fit every single type in and keep it under 127 characters, so you will have to replace "..." with the full list obtainable by `$ sox --help` (or try `Show sample output`) . note: /usr/bin/play should be linked to sox on most systems.

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Run the last command as root
Same as `sudo !!`. If you do not have permission to be sudo or sudo does not installed on your system, you can use this.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Create a random file of a specific size
This will create a 10 MB file named testfile.txt. Change the count parameter to change the size of the file. As one commenter pointed out, yes /dev/random can be used, but the content doesn't matter if you just need a file of a specific size for testing purposes, which is why I used /dev/zero. The file size is what matters, not the content. It's 10 MB either way. "Random" just referred to "any file - content not specific"

Run a bash script in debug mode, show output and save it on a file


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