Commands by tyzbit (13)

  • This command will take the output of a command and color any STDERR output as a different color (red outline in this case) Show Sample Output


    3
    ./errorscript.sh 2> >(echo "\e[0;41m$(cat)\e[0m")
    tyzbit · 2021-08-08 14:28:50 100
  • Tails a log and replaces it line-by-line according to whatever you want to replace. Useful if the file writing to the log can't be modified, so you need to modify its output instead. Show Sample Output


    1
    tail -F logfile|while read l; do sed 's/find/replace/g' <<< $l; done
    tyzbit · 2020-08-07 12:26:39 237
  • Colorify colors input by converting the text to a number and then performing modulo 7 on it. This resulting number is used as the color escape code. This can be used to color the results of commands with complex outputs (like "482279054165371") so if any of the digits change, there's a good chance the color will change too. I say good chance because there's only 7 unique colors here, so assuming you were watching random numbers, there would be a 6/7 chance that the color would change when the number changed. This should really only be used to help quickly identify when things change, but should not be the only thing relied upon to positively assert that an output has not changed. Show Sample Output


    2
    function colorify() { n=$(bc <<< "$(echo ${1}|od -An -vtu1 -w100000000|tr -d ' ') % 7"); echo -e "\e[3${n}m${1}\e[0m"; }
    tyzbit · 2020-08-06 15:17:45 181
  • Get the total RESIDENT memory used by processes of a specific name. This means this is the MINIMUM used by a process, but some memory could be paged out to swap. Show Sample Output


    0
    pids=$(pidof chrome); for p in ${pids[@]}; do cat /proc/$p/status | grep -i vmrss | awk '{print $2}'; done | while read m; do let t=$t+$m; echo $t; done | echo "$(tail -n 1) kB"
    tyzbit · 2018-04-08 16:43:35 9
  • simple jq one-liner to convert from configmaps to secrets (which require the values to be base64 encoded). To automatically pull the config map, convert it, and re-upload the corresponding secret: kubectl get --export -o json cm [configmap name] | jq 'with_entries(if .key == "data" then .value=(.value | to_entries | map( { (.key): (.value|@base64) } ) | add ) elif .key == "kind" then .value="Secret" else . end)' > secret.json; kubectl create -f secret.json Show Sample Output


    0
    cat configmap.json | jq 'with_entries(if .key == "data" then .value=(.value | to_entries | map( { (.key): (.value|@base64) } ) | add ) elif .key == "kind" then .value="Secret" else . end)'
    tyzbit · 2017-12-11 19:18:25 5
  • This is a bit of a bash hack to catch STDERR and append a log level to it. So for example, if your script has pseudo loglevels like so: echo "INFO - finding files" [ -f ${files} ] || echo "WARN - no files found" Any subcommands that write to STDERR will screw that up Adding 2> >(fb=$(dd bs=1 count=1 2>/dev/null | od -t o1 -A n); [ "$fb" ] && err=$(printf "\\${fb# }"; cat) && echo "ERROR - $err") to the command does the following: 2> Redirect STDERR >( Spawn a subshell (STDERR is then redirected to the file descriptor for this subshell) fb=$(....) get the first byte of input [ "$fb" ] test if there's a first byte && err=$(printf....) save the output to the $err variable && echo "ERROR - $err" append your pseudo loglevel and the error message Heavily borrowed from https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/33049/check-if-pipe-is-empty-and-run-a-command-on-the-data-if-it-isnt Show Sample Output


    0
    [command] 2> >(fb=$(dd bs=1 count=1 2>/dev/null | od -t o1 -A n); [ "$fb" ] && err=$(printf "\\${fb# }"; cat) && echo "ERROR - $err")
    tyzbit · 2017-10-16 22:22:42 8
  • Ever needed to test firewalls but didn't have netcat, telnet or even FTP? Enter /dev/tcp, your new best friend. /dev/tcp/(hostname)/(port) is a bash builtin that bash can use to open connections to TCP and UDP ports. This one-liner opens a connection on a port to a server and lets you read and write to it from the terminal. How it works: First, exec sets up a redirect for /dev/tcp/$server/$port to file descriptor 5. Then, as per some excellent feedback from @flatcap, we launch a redirect from file descriptor 5 to STDOUT and send that to the background (which is what causes the PID to be printed when the commands are run), and then redirect STDIN to file descriptor 5 with the second cat. Finally, when the second cat dies (the connection is closed), we clean up the file descriptor with 'exec 5>&-'. It can be used to test FTP, HTTP, NTP, or can connect to netcat listening on a port (makes for a simple chat client!) Replace /tcp/ with /udp/ to use UDP instead.


    15
    exec 5<>/dev/tcp/time.nist.gov/13; cat <&5 & cat >&5; exec 5>&-
    tyzbit · 2015-07-30 21:12:38 14
  • Most distributions alias cp to 'cp -i', which means when you attempt to copy into a directory that already contains the file, cp will prompt to overwrite. A great default to have, but when you mean to overwrite thousands of files, you don't want to sit there hitting [y] then [enter] thousands of times. Enter the backslash. It runs the command unaliased, so as in the example, cp will happily overwrite existing files much in the way mv works. Show Sample Output


    1
    \[command]
    tyzbit · 2015-01-15 18:31:50 1
  • Use this command to watch apache access logs in real time to see what pages are getting hit. Show Sample Output


    0
    tail -f access_log | awk '{print $1 , $12}'
    tyzbit · 2014-12-24 14:15:52 2
  • This is not exhaustive but after checking /etc/cron* is a good way to see if there are any other jobs any users may have set. Note: this is a repost from a comment "flatcap" made on http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/3726/print-crontab-entries-for-all-the-users-that-actually-have-a-crontab#comment, for which I am grateful and I take no credit.


    0
    for USER in /var/spool/cron/*; do echo "--- crontab for $USER ---"; cat "$USER"; done
    tyzbit · 2014-12-11 19:48:46 7
  • This checks the system load every second and if it's over a certain threshold (.8 in this example), it spits out the date, system loads and top 4 processes sorted by CPU. Additionally, the \a in the first echo creates an audible bell.


    0
    while sleep 1; do if [ $(echo "$(cat /proc/loadavg | cut -d' ' -f1) > .8 " | bc) -gt 0 ]; then echo -e "\n\a"$(date)" \e[5m"$(cat /proc/loadavg)"\e[0m"; ps aux --sort=-%cpu|head -n 5; fi; done
    tyzbit · 2014-12-08 15:44:40 1
  • Wakes up a computer on your LAN with a Wake-On-LAN packet. MAC Address must match the NIC MAC, computer must have WOL enabled in the BIOS. Show Sample Output


    0
    wakeonlan 00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF
    tyzbit · 2014-06-13 16:16:33 2
  • Use this command to watch video files on the terminal using VLC. prerequisite: VLC and cvlc sudo apt-get install vlc cvlc Show Sample Output


    0
    cvlc /path/to/file.avi -V caca
    tyzbit · 2014-06-13 16:10:36 8

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A child process which survives the parent's death (for sure)
Test scenario: * Open xterm (or konsole, ...) * Start xeyes with: ( xeyes & ) * Close the xterminal The xeyes process should be still running.

Opens files containing search term in vim with search term highlighted
Takes the same arguments that ack does. E.g. ack-open -i "searchterm" opens all files below the current directory containing the search term. The search term is also highlighted within vim if you have hlsearch set. Works on zsh, unsure if it works on bash. Note: ubuntu users have to change ack to ack-grep unless you already have it aliased (as I do)

Commandline document conversion with Libreoffice
In this example, the docx gets converted to Open Document .odt format. For other formats, you'll need to specify the correct filter (Hint: see "Comments" link below for a nice list).

List programs with open ports and connections
I prefer to use this and not the -n variety, so I get DNS-resolved hostnames. Nice when I'm trying to figure out who's got that port open.

Use curl to save an MP3 stream
I use this with cron to timeshift radio programs from a station's live stream. You will get an error message at the end like "curl: (28) Operation timed out after 10000 milliseconds with 185574 bytes received"; to suppress that but not other error messages, you can append "2>&1 | grep -v "(28)"" to the end of the command.

Batch File Rename with awk and sed

Press ctrl+r in a bash shell and type a few letters of a previous command
In the sample output, I pressed ctrl+r and typed the letters las. I can't imagine how much typing this has saved me.

diff current vi buffer edits against original file

list files recursively by size

extracts 64 bytes of random digits from random lines out of /dev/random sent to stdio
Use this the next time you need to come up with a reasonably random bitstring, like for a WPA/WPA2 PSK or something. Takes a continuous stream of bytes coming from /dev/urandom, runs it through od(1), picking a random field ($0 and $1 excluded) from a random line and then prints it.


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