Commands by tyzbit (13)

  • This command will take the output of a command and color any STDERR output as a different color (red outline in this case) Show Sample Output


    3
    ./errorscript.sh 2> >(echo "\e[0;41m$(cat)\e[0m")
    tyzbit · 2021-08-08 14:28:50 116
  • Tails a log and replaces it line-by-line according to whatever you want to replace. Useful if the file writing to the log can't be modified, so you need to modify its output instead. Show Sample Output


    1
    tail -F logfile|while read l; do sed 's/find/replace/g' <<< $l; done
    tyzbit · 2020-08-07 12:26:39 267
  • Colorify colors input by converting the text to a number and then performing modulo 7 on it. This resulting number is used as the color escape code. This can be used to color the results of commands with complex outputs (like "482279054165371") so if any of the digits change, there's a good chance the color will change too. I say good chance because there's only 7 unique colors here, so assuming you were watching random numbers, there would be a 6/7 chance that the color would change when the number changed. This should really only be used to help quickly identify when things change, but should not be the only thing relied upon to positively assert that an output has not changed. Show Sample Output


    2
    function colorify() { n=$(bc <<< "$(echo ${1}|od -An -vtu1 -w100000000|tr -d ' ') % 7"); echo -e "\e[3${n}m${1}\e[0m"; }
    tyzbit · 2020-08-06 15:17:45 226
  • Get the total RESIDENT memory used by processes of a specific name. This means this is the MINIMUM used by a process, but some memory could be paged out to swap. Show Sample Output


    0
    pids=$(pidof chrome); for p in ${pids[@]}; do cat /proc/$p/status | grep -i vmrss | awk '{print $2}'; done | while read m; do let t=$t+$m; echo $t; done | echo "$(tail -n 1) kB"
    tyzbit · 2018-04-08 16:43:35 19
  • simple jq one-liner to convert from configmaps to secrets (which require the values to be base64 encoded). To automatically pull the config map, convert it, and re-upload the corresponding secret: kubectl get --export -o json cm [configmap name] | jq 'with_entries(if .key == "data" then .value=(.value | to_entries | map( { (.key): (.value|@base64) } ) | add ) elif .key == "kind" then .value="Secret" else . end)' > secret.json; kubectl create -f secret.json Show Sample Output


    0
    cat configmap.json | jq 'with_entries(if .key == "data" then .value=(.value | to_entries | map( { (.key): (.value|@base64) } ) | add ) elif .key == "kind" then .value="Secret" else . end)'
    tyzbit · 2017-12-11 19:18:25 9
  • This is a bit of a bash hack to catch STDERR and append a log level to it. So for example, if your script has pseudo loglevels like so: echo "INFO - finding files" [ -f ${files} ] || echo "WARN - no files found" Any subcommands that write to STDERR will screw that up Adding 2> >(fb=$(dd bs=1 count=1 2>/dev/null | od -t o1 -A n); [ "$fb" ] && err=$(printf "\\${fb# }"; cat) && echo "ERROR - $err") to the command does the following: 2> Redirect STDERR >( Spawn a subshell (STDERR is then redirected to the file descriptor for this subshell) fb=$(....) get the first byte of input [ "$fb" ] test if there's a first byte && err=$(printf....) save the output to the $err variable && echo "ERROR - $err" append your pseudo loglevel and the error message Heavily borrowed from https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/33049/check-if-pipe-is-empty-and-run-a-command-on-the-data-if-it-isnt Show Sample Output


    0
    [command] 2> >(fb=$(dd bs=1 count=1 2>/dev/null | od -t o1 -A n); [ "$fb" ] && err=$(printf "\\${fb# }"; cat) && echo "ERROR - $err")
    tyzbit · 2017-10-16 22:22:42 11
  • Ever needed to test firewalls but didn't have netcat, telnet or even FTP? Enter /dev/tcp, your new best friend. /dev/tcp/(hostname)/(port) is a bash builtin that bash can use to open connections to TCP and UDP ports. This one-liner opens a connection on a port to a server and lets you read and write to it from the terminal. How it works: First, exec sets up a redirect for /dev/tcp/$server/$port to file descriptor 5. Then, as per some excellent feedback from @flatcap, we launch a redirect from file descriptor 5 to STDOUT and send that to the background (which is what causes the PID to be printed when the commands are run), and then redirect STDIN to file descriptor 5 with the second cat. Finally, when the second cat dies (the connection is closed), we clean up the file descriptor with 'exec 5>&-'. It can be used to test FTP, HTTP, NTP, or can connect to netcat listening on a port (makes for a simple chat client!) Replace /tcp/ with /udp/ to use UDP instead.


    15
    exec 5<>/dev/tcp/time.nist.gov/13; cat <&5 & cat >&5; exec 5>&-
    tyzbit · 2015-07-30 21:12:38 17
  • Most distributions alias cp to 'cp -i', which means when you attempt to copy into a directory that already contains the file, cp will prompt to overwrite. A great default to have, but when you mean to overwrite thousands of files, you don't want to sit there hitting [y] then [enter] thousands of times. Enter the backslash. It runs the command unaliased, so as in the example, cp will happily overwrite existing files much in the way mv works. Show Sample Output


    2
    \[command]
    tyzbit · 2015-01-15 18:31:50 5
  • Use this command to watch apache access logs in real time to see what pages are getting hit. Show Sample Output


    0
    tail -f access_log | awk '{print $1 , $12}'
    tyzbit · 2014-12-24 14:15:52 5
  • This is not exhaustive but after checking /etc/cron* is a good way to see if there are any other jobs any users may have set. Note: this is a repost from a comment "flatcap" made on http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/3726/print-crontab-entries-for-all-the-users-that-actually-have-a-crontab#comment, for which I am grateful and I take no credit.


    0
    for USER in /var/spool/cron/*; do echo "--- crontab for $USER ---"; cat "$USER"; done
    tyzbit · 2014-12-11 19:48:46 10
  • This checks the system load every second and if it's over a certain threshold (.8 in this example), it spits out the date, system loads and top 4 processes sorted by CPU. Additionally, the \a in the first echo creates an audible bell.


    0
    while sleep 1; do if [ $(echo "$(cat /proc/loadavg | cut -d' ' -f1) > .8 " | bc) -gt 0 ]; then echo -e "\n\a"$(date)" \e[5m"$(cat /proc/loadavg)"\e[0m"; ps aux --sort=-%cpu|head -n 5; fi; done
    tyzbit · 2014-12-08 15:44:40 4
  • Wakes up a computer on your LAN with a Wake-On-LAN packet. MAC Address must match the NIC MAC, computer must have WOL enabled in the BIOS. Show Sample Output


    0
    wakeonlan 00:00:DE:AD:BE:EF
    tyzbit · 2014-06-13 16:16:33 5
  • Use this command to watch video files on the terminal using VLC. prerequisite: VLC and cvlc sudo apt-get install vlc cvlc Show Sample Output


    0
    cvlc /path/to/file.avi -V caca
    tyzbit · 2014-06-13 16:10:36 10

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Generate Random Text based on Length
Random text of length "$1" without the useless cat command.

Parse a quoted .csv file
The $2, $3, $4 fields are arbitrary but note that the first field starts from $2 and the last field is $NF-1. This is due to the fact that the leading and trailing quotes are treated as field delimiters.

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Set laptop display brightness
Run as root. Path may vary depending on laptop model and video card (this was tested on an Acer laptop with ATI HD3200 video). $ cat /proc/acpi/video/VGA/LCD/brightness to discover the possible values for your display.

Get a list of all browsable Samba shares on the target server.

Mount a .iso file in UNIX/Linux
"-o loop" lets you use a file as a block device

Most used command

Buffer in order to avoir mistakes with redirections that empty your files
A common mistake in Bash is to write command-line where there's command a reading a file and whose result is redirected to that file. It can be easily avoided because of : 1) warnings "-bash: file.txt: cannot overwrite existing file" 2) options (often "-i") that let the command directly modify the file but I like to have that small function that does the trick by waiting for the first command to end before trying to write into the file. Lots of things could probably done in a better way, if you know one...

Text graphing ping output filter
Nasty perl one-liner that provides a sparkline of ping times. If you want a different history than the last 30, just put that value in. It (ab)uses unicode to draw the bars, inspired by https://github.com/joemiller/spark-ping . It's not the most bug-free piece of code, but what it lacks in robustness it makes up for in capability. :) If anyone has any ideas on how to make it more compact or better, I'd love to hear them. I included a ping to google in the command just as an example (and burned up 10 chars doing it!). You should use it with: $ ping example.com | $SPARKLINE_PING_COMMAND

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"


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