Commands by unhammer (9)

  • Assuming you've written all of make -j hfst-tokenize && echo doavtter gr?dakursa|./hfst-tokenize --gtd tokeniser-gramcheck-gt-desc.pmhfst and want that to execute every time you :w in vim (or C-xC-s in Emacs), just hit and it'll turn into while true; do ( make -j hfst-tokenize && e doavtter gr?dakursa|./hfst-tokenize --gtd tokeniser-gramcheck-gt-desc.pmhfst ); inotifywait -q -e modify -e close_write *; done with the cursor right before the ')'. Hit enter, and it'll run on each save. Requires the package inotify-tools installed. Show Sample Output


    1
    echo '"\e\C-i": "\C-awhile true; do ( \C-e ); inotifywait -q -e modify -e close_write *; done\e51\C-b"' >>~/.inputrc
    unhammer · 2016-06-10 08:06:50 12
  • Say you're started "xzcat bigdata.xz | complicated-processing-program >summary" an hour ago, and you of course forgot to enable progress output (you could've just put "awk 'NR%1000==0{print NR>"/dev/stderr"}{print}'" in the pipeline but it's too late for that now). But you really want some idea of how far along your program is. Then you can run the above command to see how many % along xzcat is in reading the file. Note that this is for the GNU/Linux version of lsof; the one found on e.g. Darwin has slightly different output so the awk part may need some tweaks. Show Sample Output


    2
    f=bigdata.xz; calc "round($(lsof -o0 -o "$f"|awk '{o=substr($7,3)}END{print o}')/$(stat -c %s "$f")*100)"
    unhammer · 2015-09-19 18:27:12 14
  • rsync by itself doesn't support copying between two remote hosts, but if you use sshfs you can pretend one of them is local. If you have a passphrase-less ssh-key, you can even put this script into a cron job. A faster alternative is to run ssh-keygen on remote1 and put the pubkey into remote2:~/.ssh/authorized_keys, running rsync on remote1 (or vice versa), but the problem with that is that now a hacker on remote1 can access remote2 at any time. The above method ensures your local computer stays the weak link. Show Sample Output


    -1
    mkdir r1 && sshfs remote1:/home/user r1 && rsync r1/stuff remote2:~/backups/
    unhammer · 2013-01-11 14:12:22 7
  • Can't see it here, but the non-breaking space is highlighted :) Of course, cat -t -e achieves something similar, but less colourful. Could add more code points from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_%28punctuation%29#Spaces_in_Unicode Show Sample Output


    -1
    hl-nonprinting () { local C=$(printf '\033[0;36m') B=$(printf '\033[0;46m') R=$(printf '\033[0m') np=$(env printf "\u00A0\uFEFF"); sed -e "s/\t/${C}▹&$R/g" -e "s/$/${C}⁋$R/" -e "s/[$np]/${B}& $R/g";}
    unhammer · 2012-11-07 10:09:40 10
  • I don't think it's possible to give a (background) colour to the tab itself, since a tab is, IIUC, simply a command to the terminal to move to the right. Nevertheless, this "highlighting" can be helpful when working with tab-separated files. Show Sample Output


    -1
    hl-nonprinting () { local C=$(printf '\033[0;36m') R=$(printf '\033[0m'); sed -e "s/\t/${C}▹&$R/g" -e "s/$/${C}⁋$R/";}
    unhammer · 2012-11-07 09:55:48 5
  • Assumes you've cd'd to the folder in which all your git repos reside; you could run it from ~ without -maxdepth, although that might make find take quite a while longer. If you have several processor cores, but not that much ram, you might want to run git config --global pack.threads 1 first, since gc-ing can eat lots of ram. Show Sample Output


    -1
    find . -maxdepth 2 -type d -name '.git' -print0 | while read -d ''; do (cd "$REPLY"; git gc); done
    unhammer · 2012-11-07 08:38:33 5
  • basically create a .pot file from a po-file, ready for translating


    -1
    msgfilter --keep-header -i input.po -o empty.po awk -e '{}'
    unhammer · 2012-01-14 13:29:26 6
  • This will extract the differing CSS entries of two files. I've left the initial character (plus or space) in output to show the real differing line, remove the initial character to get a working CSS file. The output CSS file is usable by either adding it in a below the to original.css, or by only using the output but adding @import url("original.css"); in the beginning. This is very useful for converting Wordpress theme copies into real Wordpress child themes. Could exclude common lines within entries too, I guess, but that might not be worth the complexity. Show Sample Output


    0
    diff -U99999 original.css modified.css | awk '/^-/{next} {f=f"\n"$0} /^\+.*[^ ]/{yes=1} /}/ {if(yes){print f} f="";yes=0}'
    unhammer · 2012-01-12 07:57:22 5
  • Requires consolekit (works in e.g. Ubuntu). Here x11-display is DISPLAY Show Sample Output


    1
    ck-list-sessions
    unhammer · 2012-01-02 08:53:41 4

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Cleanup firefox's database.
Sqlite database keeps collecting cruft as time passes, which can be cleaned by the 'vacuum;' command. This command cleans up the cruft in all sqlite files relating to the user you have logged in as. This command has to be run when firefox is not running, or it will exit displaying the pid of the firefox running.

Search through files, ignoring .svn
By putting the "-not \( -name .svn -prune \)" in the very front of the "find" command, you eliminate the .svn directories in your find command itself. No need to grep them out. You can even create an alias for this command: $ alias svn_find="find . -not \( -name .svn -prune \)" Now you can do things like $ svn_find -mtime -3

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

Unbelievable Shell Colors, Shading, Backgrounds, Effects for Non-X
I've been using linux for almost a decade and only recently discovered that most terminals like putty, xterm, xfree86, vt100, etc., support hundreds of shades of colors, backgrounds and text/terminal effects. This simply prints out a ton of them, the output is pretty amazing. If you use non-x terminals all the time like I do, it can really be helpful to know how to tweak colors and terminal capabilities. Like: $ echo $'\33[H\33[2J'

Recursively list all of the files in a directory, group them by extension and calculate the average of the file sizes in each group
Here's an annotated version of the command, using full-names instead of aliases. It is exactly equivalent to the short-hand version. # Recursively list all the files in the current directory. Get-ChildItem -Recurse | # Filter out the sub-directories themselves. Where-Object { return -not $_.PsIsContainer; } | # Group the resulting files by their extensions. Group-Object Extension | # Pluck the Name and Count properties of each group and define # a custom expression that calculates the average of the sizes # of the files in that group. # The back-tick is a line-continuation character. Select-Object ` Name, Count, @{ Name = 'Average'; Expression = { # Average the Length (sizes) of the files in the current group. return ($_.Group | Measure-Object -Average Length).Average; } } | # Format the results in a tabular view, automatically adjusted to # widths of the values in the columns. Format-Table -AutoSize ` @{ # Rename the Name property to something more sensible. Name = 'Extension'; Expression = { return $_.Name; } }, Count, @{ # Format the Average property to display KB instead of bytes # and use a formatting string to show it rounded to two decimals. Name = 'Average Size (KB)'; # The "1KB" is a built-in constant which is equal to 1024. Expression = { return $_.Average / 1KB }; FormatString = '{0:N2}' }

share internet connection with only one network interface
the below command create a alias for share your internet connection with another. $ifconfig eth0:1 192.168.0.1/24 Its obviously necessary too activate the iptables post-routing and ip forwarding, as root: $modprobe iptable_nat $iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE $echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward Be sure that the alias 192.168.0.0/24 is not your active real ip range

Create a new file

Timer with sound alarm
I'd prefer this one, you have to install espeak to get this running

Print Asterisk phone logs
Prints a log of phonecalls placed from/to an asterisk server, formated into an easily readable table. You can use partial number/queue matches, or use .* to match everything.

This command can be used to extract the IP address of the network.
can be used within a script to configure iptables for example: iface=$2 inet_ip=`ifconfig "$iface" | grep inet | cut -d: -f2 | cut -d ' ' -f1` ipt="sudo /sbin/iptables" ......................... ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- $ipt -A INPUT -i $iface ! -f -p tcp -s $UL -d $inet_ip --sport 1023: --dport 3306 -m state --state NEW,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- $ipt -A OUTPUT -o $iface -p tcp -s $inet_ip -d $UL --sport 3306 --dport 1023: -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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