Commands by zed (11)

  • Change the value of p to match the path where you wish to create the profile. To run it again in the future, use the parameter --user-data-dir (which gets echoed to you when run): chromium-browser --user-data-dir=/path/to/your/ Quick Functions: # create a new chromium profile new-chromium-profile() { p=~/.config/chromium/$1; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p; } # runs a chromium profile run-chromium-profile() { chromium-browser --user-data-dir=~/.config/chromium/$1; } Show Sample Output


    -1
    p=~/.config/chromium/zed; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p;
    zed · 2010-11-08 02:45:29 0
  • Create a progress dialog with custom title and text using zenity. Show Sample Output


    3
    for i in $(seq 0 5 100); do echo $i; sleep 1; done | zenity --progress --title "Installing Foobar" --text "Pleae wait until process has finished."
    zed · 2010-10-08 04:08:33 0
  • using seq inside a subshell instead of a bash sequence to create increments. Show Sample Output


    3
    for i in $(seq 0 5 100); do echo $i; sleep 1; done | dialog --gauge "Install..." 6 40
    zed · 2010-10-08 04:08:17 0
  • A more robust password creation utility # Create passwords in batch makepasswd --char=32 --count=10 # To learn more about the options you can use man makepasswd Show Sample Output


    -1
    makepasswd --char=32
    zed · 2010-09-29 06:01:32 0
  • Changes your desktop background image in gnome. Update the directory to wherever you keep your wallpapers. I like to create a sub-directory in my Wallpaper folder called "cycle" that I use to define the wallpapers I wish to loop in cron. ex: gconftool-2 -t str -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename "$(find ~/Wallpapers/cycle -type f | shuf -n1)" Show Sample Output


    2
    gconftool-2 -t str -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename "$(find ~/Wallpapers -type f | shuf -n1)"
    zed · 2010-09-21 04:01:55 0
  • Take a screenshot of the focused window with a 4 second countdown # shorten by adding to your .bashrc: alias sss='scrot -ucd4 && eog $(ls -tr | tail -n1)' echo -e "\nalias sss='scrot -ucd4 && eog $(ls -tr | tail -n1)'" >> ~/.bashrc -d 4 second delay -c display countdown -u focused window man scrot for more flags Show Sample Output


    6
    scrot -ucd4 -e 'eog $f'
    zed · 2010-09-15 03:31:06 4
  • requires "youtube-dl" -- sure you can do this with wget and some more obscurity but why waste your time when this great tool is available? the guts consist of mplayer converting a video to a gif -- study this command and read the man page for more information mplayer video.flv -ss 00:23 -endpos 6 -vo gif89a:fps=5:output=output.gif -vf scale=400:300 -nosound generates a 6 second gif starting at 23 seconds of play time at 5 fps and a scale of 400x300 start time (-ss)/end time (-endpos) formats: 00:00:00.000 end time should be relative to start time, not absolute. i.e. -endpos 5 == seconds after 0:42 = 0:47 end point play with fps and scale for lower gif sizes the subshell is a solution for the -b flag on youtube-dl which downloads the best quality video, sometimes, which can be various video formats $(ls ${url##*=}*| tail -n1) Show Sample Output


    12
    url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5bYDhZBFLA; youtube-dl -b $url; mplayer $(ls ${url##*=}*| tail -n1) -ss 00:57 -endpos 10 -vo gif89a:fps=5:output=output.gif -vf scale=400:300 -nosound
    zed · 2010-07-18 02:11:39 1
  • The above is an example of grabbing only the first column. You can define the start and end points specifically by chacater position using the following command: while read l; do echo ${l:10:40}; done < three-column-list.txt > column-c10-c40.txt Of course, it doesn't have to be a column, or extraction, it can be replacement while read l; do echo ${l/foo/bar}; done < list-with-foo.txt > list-with-bar.txt Read more about parameter expansion here: http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/syntax/pe Think of this as an alternative to awk or sed for file operations


    1
    while read l; do echo ${l%% *}; done < three-column-list.txt > only-first-column.txt
    zed · 2010-07-09 03:42:56 0
  • The above is just a prove of concept based around the nested bash substitution. This could be useful in situations where you're in a directory with many filetypes but you only want to convert a few. for f in *.bmp *.jpg *.tga; do convert $f ${f%.*}.png; done or you can use ls | egrep to get more specific... but be warned, files with spaces will cause a ruckus with expansion but the bash for loop uses a space delimited list. for f in $(ls | egrep "bmp$|jpg$|tga$"); do convert $f ${f%.*}.png; done I'm guessing some people will still prefer doing it the sed way but I thought the concept of this one was pretty neat. It will help me remember bash substitutions a little better :-P Show Sample Output


    8
    for f in t1.bmp t2.jpg t3.tga; do echo ${f%.*}.png; done
    zed · 2010-07-09 00:38:53 0
  • You need to have fortune and cowsay installed. It uses a subshell to list cow files in you cow directory (this folder is default for debian based systems, others might use another folder). you can add it to your .bashrc file to have it great you with something interesting every time you start a new session. Show Sample Output


    10
    fortune | cowsay -f $(ls /usr/share/cowsay/cows/ | shuf -n1)
    zed · 2010-07-08 02:57:52 2
  • This will be seen through your system's visual notification system, notify-osd, notification-daemon, etc. --- sleep accepts s,m,h,d and floats (date; sleep .25m; date) --- notify-send (-t is in milliseconds && -u low / normal / critical) man notify-send for more information --- notification-daemon can use b/i/u/a HTML


    5
    sleep 6s && notify-send -t 10000 -u critical "remember to think" &
    zed · 2010-07-01 02:17:24 3

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burn initial session on a growable DVD using growisofs
replace "directory name to burn on DVD" with actual directory name that you want to copy on DVD

Generate random valid mac addresses
Doubt it actually generates valid mac addresses but this version doesn't need any external commands so it runs much faster. Much shorter as well.

Redirect incoming traffic to SSH, from a port of your choosing
Stuck behind a restrictive firewall at work, but really jonesing to putty home to your linux box for some colossal cave? Goodness knows I was...but the firewall at work blocked all outbound connections except for ports 80 and 443. (Those were wide open for outbound connections.) So now I putty over port 443 and have my linux box redirect it to port 22 (the SSH port) before it routes it internally. So, my specific command would be: $iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -p tcp --dport 443 -j REDIRECT --to-ports 22 Note that I use -A to append this command to the end of the chain. You could replace that with -I to insert it at the beginning (or at a specific rulenum). My linux box is running slackware, with a kernel from circa 2001. Hopefully the mechanics of iptables haven't changed since then. The command is untested under any other distros or less outdated kernels. Of course, the command should be easy enough to adapt to whatever service on your linux box you're trying to reach by changing the numbers (and possibly changing tcp to udp, or whatever). Between putty and psftp, however, I'm good to go for hours of time-killing.

Broadcast your shell thru port 5000
Doesn't work so well if you connect from windows. Linux only sends LF where windows wants CRLF. The alternative command works better with windows, however it uses script and a named pipe.

Move all files in subdirectories to current dir

list files recursively by size

recurisvely md5 all files in a tree
Found this little gem here: http://info.michael-simons.eu/2008/10/25/recursively-md5sum-all-files-in-a-directory-tree/

An alias to re-run last command with sudo. Similar to "sudo !!"
I didn't come up with this myself, but I always add this to my .bash_aliases file. It's essentially the same idea as running "sudo !!" except it's much easier to type. (You can't just alias "sudo !!", it doesn't really work for reasons I don't understand.) "fc" is a shell built-in for editing and re-running previous commands. The -l flag tells it to display the line rather than edit it, and the -n command tells it to omit the line number. -1 tells it to print the previous line. For more detail: $help fc

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Create a mirror of a local folder, on a remote server
Create a exact mirror of the local folder "/root/files", on remote server 'remote_server' using SSH command (listening on port 22) (all files & folders on destination server/folder will be deleted)


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