Commands by zed (11)

  • Change the value of p to match the path where you wish to create the profile. To run it again in the future, use the parameter --user-data-dir (which gets echoed to you when run): chromium-browser --user-data-dir=/path/to/your/ Quick Functions: # create a new chromium profile new-chromium-profile() { p=~/.config/chromium/$1; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p; } # runs a chromium profile run-chromium-profile() { chromium-browser --user-data-dir=~/.config/chromium/$1; } Show Sample Output


    -1
    p=~/.config/chromium/zed; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p;
    zed · 2010-11-08 02:45:29 0
  • Create a progress dialog with custom title and text using zenity. Show Sample Output


    3
    for i in $(seq 0 5 100); do echo $i; sleep 1; done | zenity --progress --title "Installing Foobar" --text "Pleae wait until process has finished."
    zed · 2010-10-08 04:08:33 0
  • using seq inside a subshell instead of a bash sequence to create increments. Show Sample Output


    3
    for i in $(seq 0 5 100); do echo $i; sleep 1; done | dialog --gauge "Install..." 6 40
    zed · 2010-10-08 04:08:17 0
  • A more robust password creation utility # Create passwords in batch makepasswd --char=32 --count=10 # To learn more about the options you can use man makepasswd Show Sample Output


    -1
    makepasswd --char=32
    zed · 2010-09-29 06:01:32 0
  • Changes your desktop background image in gnome. Update the directory to wherever you keep your wallpapers. I like to create a sub-directory in my Wallpaper folder called "cycle" that I use to define the wallpapers I wish to loop in cron. ex: gconftool-2 -t str -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename "$(find ~/Wallpapers/cycle -type f | shuf -n1)" Show Sample Output


    2
    gconftool-2 -t str -s /desktop/gnome/background/picture_filename "$(find ~/Wallpapers -type f | shuf -n1)"
    zed · 2010-09-21 04:01:55 0
  • Take a screenshot of the focused window with a 4 second countdown # shorten by adding to your .bashrc: alias sss='scrot -ucd4 && eog $(ls -tr | tail -n1)' echo -e "\nalias sss='scrot -ucd4 && eog $(ls -tr | tail -n1)'" >> ~/.bashrc -d 4 second delay -c display countdown -u focused window man scrot for more flags Show Sample Output


    6
    scrot -ucd4 -e 'eog $f'
    zed · 2010-09-15 03:31:06 4
  • requires "youtube-dl" -- sure you can do this with wget and some more obscurity but why waste your time when this great tool is available? the guts consist of mplayer converting a video to a gif -- study this command and read the man page for more information mplayer video.flv -ss 00:23 -endpos 6 -vo gif89a:fps=5:output=output.gif -vf scale=400:300 -nosound generates a 6 second gif starting at 23 seconds of play time at 5 fps and a scale of 400x300 start time (-ss)/end time (-endpos) formats: 00:00:00.000 end time should be relative to start time, not absolute. i.e. -endpos 5 == seconds after 0:42 = 0:47 end point play with fps and scale for lower gif sizes the subshell is a solution for the -b flag on youtube-dl which downloads the best quality video, sometimes, which can be various video formats $(ls ${url##*=}*| tail -n1) Show Sample Output


    12
    url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5bYDhZBFLA; youtube-dl -b $url; mplayer $(ls ${url##*=}*| tail -n1) -ss 00:57 -endpos 10 -vo gif89a:fps=5:output=output.gif -vf scale=400:300 -nosound
    zed · 2010-07-18 02:11:39 25
  • The above is an example of grabbing only the first column. You can define the start and end points specifically by chacater position using the following command: while read l; do echo ${l:10:40}; done < three-column-list.txt > column-c10-c40.txt Of course, it doesn't have to be a column, or extraction, it can be replacement while read l; do echo ${l/foo/bar}; done < list-with-foo.txt > list-with-bar.txt Read more about parameter expansion here: http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/syntax/pe Think of this as an alternative to awk or sed for file operations


    1
    while read l; do echo ${l%% *}; done < three-column-list.txt > only-first-column.txt
    zed · 2010-07-09 03:42:56 0
  • The above is just a prove of concept based around the nested bash substitution. This could be useful in situations where you're in a directory with many filetypes but you only want to convert a few. for f in *.bmp *.jpg *.tga; do convert $f ${f%.*}.png; done or you can use ls | egrep to get more specific... but be warned, files with spaces will cause a ruckus with expansion but the bash for loop uses a space delimited list. for f in $(ls | egrep "bmp$|jpg$|tga$"); do convert $f ${f%.*}.png; done I'm guessing some people will still prefer doing it the sed way but I thought the concept of this one was pretty neat. It will help me remember bash substitutions a little better :-P Show Sample Output


    8
    for f in t1.bmp t2.jpg t3.tga; do echo ${f%.*}.png; done
    zed · 2010-07-09 00:38:53 0
  • You need to have fortune and cowsay installed. It uses a subshell to list cow files in you cow directory (this folder is default for debian based systems, others might use another folder). you can add it to your .bashrc file to have it great you with something interesting every time you start a new session. Show Sample Output


    10
    fortune | cowsay -f $(ls /usr/share/cowsay/cows/ | shuf -n1)
    zed · 2010-07-08 02:57:52 2
  • This will be seen through your system's visual notification system, notify-osd, notification-daemon, etc. --- sleep accepts s,m,h,d and floats (date; sleep .25m; date) --- notify-send (-t is in milliseconds && -u low / normal / critical) man notify-send for more information --- notification-daemon can use b/i/u/a HTML


    5
    sleep 6s && notify-send -t 10000 -u critical "remember to think" &
    zed · 2010-07-01 02:17:24 4

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Check These Out

List your installed Chromium extensions (with url to each page)
Gives you a list for all installed chrome (chromium) extensions with URL to the page of the extension. With this you can easy add a new Bookmark folder called "extensions" add every URL to that folder, so it will be synced and you can access the names from every computer you are logged in. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Only tested with chromium, for chrome you maybe have to change the find $PATH.

Read and write to TCP or UDP sockets with common bash tools
Ever needed to test firewalls but didn't have netcat, telnet or even FTP? Enter /dev/tcp, your new best friend. /dev/tcp/(hostname)/(port) is a bash builtin that bash can use to open connections to TCP and UDP ports. This one-liner opens a connection on a port to a server and lets you read and write to it from the terminal. How it works: First, exec sets up a redirect for /dev/tcp/$server/$port to file descriptor 5. Then, as per some excellent feedback from @flatcap, we launch a redirect from file descriptor 5 to STDOUT and send that to the background (which is what causes the PID to be printed when the commands are run), and then redirect STDIN to file descriptor 5 with the second cat. Finally, when the second cat dies (the connection is closed), we clean up the file descriptor with 'exec 5>&-'. It can be used to test FTP, HTTP, NTP, or can connect to netcat listening on a port (makes for a simple chat client!) Replace /tcp/ with /udp/ to use UDP instead.

archlinux: shows list of files installed by a package
Shows the files which the package, for example gvim, installed on your system.

get a mysqldump with a timestamp in the filename and gzip it all in one go
Performs a mysqldump and gzip-compresses the output file with a timestamp in the resulting dump file. Inspect the file for integrity or fun with this command afterward, if you desire: $ zcat mysqldump-2009-06-12-07.41.01.tgz | less

Get current Xorg resolution via xrandr
Not sure if it works the same on any shell.

Encode png's into blu-ray format
This command takes a set of images (from a render, for example), and converts them into a format conforming to the Blu-ray spec, or at least the version on the Wikipedia page.

Delete all empty lines from a file with vim
This command delete all the empty lines (include the lines with space) from a file. g = global command \S = non-whitespace character; !\S the opposite d = delete a range

Test file system performance
You need bonnie++ package for this. More detail than a simple hdparm -t /dev/sda would give you. the -d is the directory where it performs writes/reads for example I use /tmp/scratch with 777 permissions Bonnie++ benchmarks three things: data read and write speed, number of seeks that can be performed per second, and number of file metadata operations that can be performed per second.

bash/ksh function: given a file, cd to the directory it lives
fcd : file change directory A bash function that takes a fully qualified file path and cd's into the directory where it lives. Useful on the commadline when you have a file name in a variable and you'd like to cd to the directory to RCS check it in or look at other files associated with it. Will run on any ksh, bash, likely sh, maybe zsh.

ssh autocomplete
Add to your bash profile to minimize carpal tunnel syndrome. Doesn't work with user@hostname but appending "-l user" works fine if needed. Works for ping as well.. complete -W "$(echo `cat ~/.ssh/known_hosts | cut -f 1 -d ' ' | sed -e s/,.*//g | uniq | grep -v "\["`;)" ping


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