Commands by zuck (1)

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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create disk copy over the net without temp files
I wanted to create a copy of my whole laptop disk on an lvm disk of the same size. First I created the logical volume: lvcreate -L120G -nlaptop mylvms SOURCE: dd if=/dev/sda bs=16065b | netcat ip-target 1234 TARGET: nc -l -p 1234 | dd of=/dev/mapper/mylvms-laptop bs=16065b to follow its process you issue the following command in a different terminal STATS: on target in a different terminal: watch -n60 -- kill -USR1 $(pgrep dd) (see

open a seperate konsole tab and ssh to each of N servers (konsole 4.2+)
creates a new tab for each of N servers in listofservers.txt and ssh's to said servers then, try the "send to all sessions" feature of konsole to do the same work on all servers at the same time. BIG time saver, but be careful!

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Create A Continuous Yahoo! News Ticker For The Terminal
This creates a permanent stock ticker in the terminal. it has scrolling action and refreshes when each cycle is done to get the latest news.

shows history of logins on the server
perfect on a crashed system where you can't use commands like last. for investigation purposes wtmp file can be copied over to a different server and read with utmpdump

Counts number of lines (in source code excluding comments)
I took java to make the find command simpler and to state that it works for any language supported by cpp. cpp is the C/C++ preprocessor (interprets macros, removes comments, inserts includes, resolves trigraphs). The -fpreprocessor option tells cpp to assume the input has already been preprocessed so it will only replace comment lines with blank lines. The -L 1 option tells xargs to launch one process for each line, indeed cpp can only process one file at the time...

Find out how old a web page is
I used to use the Firefox "View page info" feature a lot to determine how stale the web page I was looking at was. Now that I use mostly Chrome I miss that feature, so here is a command line alternative using wget. The -S says to display the server response, the --spider says to not download any files/pages, just fetch the header. The output goes to stderr, so to grep it you use 2>&1 to combine the stderr stream with stdout, the pipe that to grep for Last-Modified. You can use curl instead if you have it installed, like this: $ curl --head -s | grep Mod

backup your history
simple and easy backup your history with timestamp

Execute a command before display the bash prompt
For example, if you are the type who type ls very often, then $ PROMPT_COMMAND=ls will ls after every command you issue.

Randomize lines in a file
shuf is in the coreutils package

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