Commands tagged System Administration (11)

  • The empty file /forcefsck causes the file system check fsck to be run next time you boot up, after which it will be removed. This works too: sudo >/forcefsck


    38
    sudo touch /forcefsck
    johnraff · 2009-10-29 17:04:47 6
  • List all file opened by a particular command based on it's command name. Show Sample Output


    25
    lsof -c dhcpd
    d4n3sh · 2009-04-17 07:18:38 0
  • Lis all files opened by a particular process id. "PID" Show Sample Output


    6
    lsof -p 15857
    d4n3sh · 2009-04-17 07:16:03 0
  • This command will log the output of your simple cronjobs to syslog, and syslog will take it from there. Works great for monitoring scripts which only produce simple output. Advantages: * This can be used by regular users, without modifying system files like /etc/syslog.conf * Reduce cron spam to root@localhost (Please stop spaming the sysadmins) * Uses common tools like syslog (and logrotate) so that you don't need to maintain yet another krufty logfile. * Still ensures that the output is logged somewhere, for posterity. Perhaps it's stored the secure, central syslog server, for example. * Seems to work fine on Ubuntu, CentOS, FreeBSD & MacOSX Show Sample Output


    6
    */5 * * * * root /usr/local/nagios/sbin/nsca_check_disk 2>&1 |/usr/bin/logger -t nsca_check_disk
    StefanLasiewski · 2010-07-02 00:47:05 2
  • Many times I give the same commands in loop to find informations about a file. I use this as an alias to summarize that informations in a single command. Now with variables! :D Show Sample Output


    2
    fileinfo() { RPMQF=$(rpm -qf $1); RPMQL=$(rpm -ql $RPMQF);echo "man page:";whatis $(basename $1); echo "Services:"; echo -e "$RPMQL\n"|grep -P "\.service";echo "Config files:";rpm -qc $RPMQF;echo "Provided by:" $RPMQF; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:46:01 3

  • 1
    tune2fs -c -1 -i 0 /dev/VG0/data
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:20:35 0
  • if you need to install cron jobs in a given time range. Show Sample Output


    1
    H=$(until ([ $i -le 6 -a $i -gt 0 -o $i -le 23 -a $i -gt 21 ] ); do i=$(date +%N | cut -c8-10); done ; echo $i) ; M=$(until [ $i -le 59 ]; do i=$(date +%N | cut -c8-10); done ; echo $i) ; echo $M $H \* \* \* backup-rsync-push.sh
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:42:43 0
  • I use this as an alias to get all .service files related a single installed file/conf (if it has services, of course). For rpm based systems ;) Show Sample Output


    1
    qf2s() { rpm -ql $(rpm -qf $1)|grep -P "\.service"; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:32:16 0
  • Change run control links from start "S" to stop "K" (kill) for whatever run levels in curly braces for a service called "myservice". NEWFN variable is for the new filename stored in the in-line shell. Use different list of run levels (rc*.d, rc{1,3,5}.d, etc.) and/or swap S with K in the command to change function of run control links. Show Sample Output


    0
    sudo find /etc/rc{1..5}.d -name S99myservice -type l -exec sh -c 'NEWFN=`echo {} | sed 's/S99/K99/'` ; mv -v {} $NEWFN' \;
    zoomgarden · 2010-01-03 00:56:57 0
  • date MMDDhhmmYYYY date MMDDhhmm # example 27.12.1975 08:00 date 122708001975 Show Sample Output


    -1
    date MMDDhhmmYYYY
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:26:13 0

  • -3
    tune2fs -l $(df -P / | tail -n1 | cut -d' ' -f1 ) | grep 'Filesystem created:'
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:15:25 1

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tar pipe to copy files, alternate to cp -Ra
uses tar to dump files from /orignl/path to /dst/dir. i find tar's out more readable than cp, and it doesn't mess with modified dates.

Display EPOCH time in human readable format using AWK.

Screencast with ffmpeg x11grab
requires ffmpeg & xwininfo to be installed replace hw:0,0 with pulse if you like using pulseaudio press q to quit

Detect illegal access to kernel space, potentially useful for Meltdown detection
Based on capsule8 agent examples, not rigorously tested

tar a directory and send it to netcat
tar's directory and sends to netcat listening on port 10000 On the client end: netcat [server ip] 10000 | tar xfvz - This will send it over the network and extract it on the clients machine.

Obtain last stock quote from google API with xmlstarlet

Find out the starting directory of a script
Invoked from within a shell script, this will print the directory in which the script resides. Doesn't depend on external tools, /proc/self/*, etc.. (`echo` is a shell builtin.) To see the *current working* directory of a script, use `pwd`.

copies 20 most recently downloaded mp3 files (such as from Miro) into a directory
Change ~/tmp to the destination directory, such as your mounted media. Change -n20 to whatever number of files to copy. It should quit when media is full. I use this to put my most recently downloaded podcasts onto my phone.

list block devices
Shows all block devices in a tree with descruptions of what they are.

List all symbolic links in current directory
Tested with GNU and BSD ls.


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