Commands tagged System Administration (11)

  • The empty file /forcefsck causes the file system check fsck to be run next time you boot up, after which it will be removed. This works too: sudo >/forcefsck


    38
    sudo touch /forcefsck
    johnraff · 2009-10-29 17:04:47 6
  • List all file opened by a particular command based on it's command name. Show Sample Output


    25
    lsof -c dhcpd
    d4n3sh · 2009-04-17 07:18:38 0
  • Lis all files opened by a particular process id. "PID" Show Sample Output


    6
    lsof -p 15857
    d4n3sh · 2009-04-17 07:16:03 0
  • This command will log the output of your simple cronjobs to syslog, and syslog will take it from there. Works great for monitoring scripts which only produce simple output. Advantages: * This can be used by regular users, without modifying system files like /etc/syslog.conf * Reduce cron spam to root@localhost (Please stop spaming the sysadmins) * Uses common tools like syslog (and logrotate) so that you don't need to maintain yet another krufty logfile. * Still ensures that the output is logged somewhere, for posterity. Perhaps it's stored the secure, central syslog server, for example. * Seems to work fine on Ubuntu, CentOS, FreeBSD & MacOSX Show Sample Output


    6
    */5 * * * * root /usr/local/nagios/sbin/nsca_check_disk 2>&1 |/usr/bin/logger -t nsca_check_disk
    StefanLasiewski · 2010-07-02 00:47:05 2
  • Many times I give the same commands in loop to find informations about a file. I use this as an alias to summarize that informations in a single command. Now with variables! :D Show Sample Output


    2
    fileinfo() { RPMQF=$(rpm -qf $1); RPMQL=$(rpm -ql $RPMQF);echo "man page:";whatis $(basename $1); echo "Services:"; echo -e "$RPMQL\n"|grep -P "\.service";echo "Config files:";rpm -qc $RPMQF;echo "Provided by:" $RPMQF; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:46:01 4

  • 1
    tune2fs -c -1 -i 0 /dev/VG0/data
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:20:35 0
  • if you need to install cron jobs in a given time range. Show Sample Output


    1
    H=$(until ([ $i -le 6 -a $i -gt 0 -o $i -le 23 -a $i -gt 21 ] ); do i=$(date +%N | cut -c8-10); done ; echo $i) ; M=$(until [ $i -le 59 ]; do i=$(date +%N | cut -c8-10); done ; echo $i) ; echo $M $H \* \* \* backup-rsync-push.sh
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:42:43 0
  • I use this as an alias to get all .service files related a single installed file/conf (if it has services, of course). For rpm based systems ;) Show Sample Output


    1
    qf2s() { rpm -ql $(rpm -qf $1)|grep -P "\.service"; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:32:16 0
  • Change run control links from start "S" to stop "K" (kill) for whatever run levels in curly braces for a service called "myservice". NEWFN variable is for the new filename stored in the in-line shell. Use different list of run levels (rc*.d, rc{1,3,5}.d, etc.) and/or swap S with K in the command to change function of run control links. Show Sample Output


    0
    sudo find /etc/rc{1..5}.d -name S99myservice -type l -exec sh -c 'NEWFN=`echo {} | sed 's/S99/K99/'` ; mv -v {} $NEWFN' \;
    zoomgarden · 2010-01-03 00:56:57 0
  • date MMDDhhmmYYYY date MMDDhhmm # example 27.12.1975 08:00 date 122708001975 Show Sample Output


    -1
    date MMDDhhmmYYYY
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:26:13 0

  • -3
    tune2fs -l $(df -P / | tail -n1 | cut -d' ' -f1 ) | grep 'Filesystem created:'
    christian773 · 2010-05-29 08:15:25 1

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Load file into RAM (cache) for faster accessing for repeated usage
Best result when file size less than half of RAM size

Show changed files, ignoring permission, date and whitespace changes
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Find recursively, from current directory down, files and directories whose names contain single or multiple whitespaces and replace each such occurrence with a single underscore.
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One-liner to generate Self-Signed SSL Certificate+Key without any annoying prompts or CSRs
Handy if you want to quickly generate a self-signed certificate. Also can be used in your automated scripts for generating quick-use certificates.

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Quick access to ASCII code of a key

show rpm packages scriptlets

change directory to actual path instead of symlink path
If you use symlinks a lot, especially nested symlinks, this puts you back on the absolute path to command-line-fu-nirvana. (Note the backticks around pwd).


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