Commands tagged find (408)

  • I love this function because it tells me everything I want to know about files, more than stat, more than ls. It's very useful and infinitely expandable. find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n' | sort -rgbS 50% 00761 drwxrw---x askapache:askapache 777:666 [06/10/10 | 06/10/10 | 06/10/10] [d] /web/cg/tmp The key is: # -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n' which believe it or not took me hundreds of tweaking before I was happy with the output. You can easily use this within a function to do whatever you want.. This simple function works recursively if you call it with -r as an argument, and sorts by file permissions. lsl(){ O="-maxdepth 1";sed -n '/-r/!Q1'<<<[email protected] &&O=;find $PWD $O -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'|sort -rgbS 50%; } Personally I'm using this function because: lll () { local a KS="1 -r -g"; sed -n '/-sort=/!Q1' <<< [email protected] && KS=`sed 's/.*-sort=\(.*\)/\1/g'<<<[email protected]`; find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'|sort -k$KS -bS 50%; } # i can sort by user lll -sort=3 # or sort by group reversed lll -sort=4 -r # and sort by modification time lll -sort=6 If anyone wants to help me make this function handle multiple dirs/files like ls, go for it and I would appreciate it.. Something very minimal would be awesome.. maybe like: for a; do lll $a; done Note this uses the latest version of GNU find built from source, easy to build from gnu ftp tarball. Taken from my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    8
    find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'
    AskApache · 2010-06-10 22:03:08 4
  • find . -type f -iname '*.flac' # searches from the current folder recursively for .flac audio files | # the output (a .flac audio files with relative path from ./ ) is piped to while read FILE; do FILENAME="${FILE%.*}"; flac -cd "$FILE" | lame -b 192 - "${FILENAME}.mp3"; done # for each line on the list: # FILE gets the file with .flac extension and relative path # FILENAME gets FILE without the .flac extension # run flac for that FILE with output piped to lame conversion to mp3 using 192Kb bitrate Show Sample Output


    8
    find . -type f -iname '*.flac' | while read FILE; do FILENAME="${FILE%.*}"; flac -cd "$FILE" | lame -b 192 - "${FILENAME}.mp3"; done
    paulochf · 2010-08-15 19:02:19 0
  • Just want to post a Perl alternative. Does not count hidden files ('.' ones). Show Sample Output


    8
    perl -le 'print ~~ map {-s} <*>'
    MarxBro · 2012-02-21 21:09:48 0
  • This is the way how you can find header and cpp files in the same time.


    7
    find . -regex '.*\(h\|cpp\)'
    Vereb · 2009-09-06 11:33:19 2
  • Recursively rename .JPG to .jpg using standard find and mv. It's generally better to use a standard tool if doing so is not much more difficult.


    7
    find /path/to/images -name '*.JPG' -exec bash -c 'mv "$1" "${1/%.JPG/.jpg}"' -- {} \;
    sorpigal · 2010-01-07 15:41:17 3
  • .flac is the filetype. /Volumes/Music/FLAC is the destination. Show Sample Output


    7
    find . -iname "*.flac" | cpio -pdm /Volumes/Music/FLAC
    sammcj · 2011-08-02 08:25:21 0
  • this will show the names of the deleted directories, and will delete directories that only no files, only empty directories.


    6
    find . -depth -type d -empty -exec rmdir -v {} +
    grokskookum · 2009-08-05 13:48:13 3
  • You can also use, $ find . -depth -type d -exec rmdir {} \; 2>/dev/null


    6
    find . -type d -empty -delete
    hemanth · 2009-08-22 09:03:14 5

  • 6
    find /backup/directory -name "FILENAME_*" -mtime +15 | xargs rm -vf
    monkeymac · 2009-08-22 16:58:23 2
  • Put the positive clauses after the '-o' option.


    6
    find . -name .svn -prune -o -print
    arcege · 2009-09-04 17:41:33 0

  • 6
    zip -r foo.zip DIR -x "*/.svn/*"
    foob4r · 2009-09-08 14:43:58 2
  • nmap for windows and other platforms is available on developer's site: http://nmap.org/download.html nmap is robust tool with many options and has various output modes - is the best (imho) tool out there.. from nmap 5.21 man page: -oN/-oX/-oS/-oG : Output scan in normal, XML, s| Show Sample Output


    6
    nmap -v -sP 192.168.0.0/16 10.0.0.0/8
    anapsix · 2010-07-14 19:53:02 0
  • The "find" command can be annoying when used inside of a Subversion (or CVS) working directory. Obviously, you can combine this with other predicates and commands to create a more elaborate pipeline: find /var/svn -type f -not \( -name .svn -prune \) -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum Note: You can use my "dont-go-there.sh" script to wrap the "find" command and do this automatically at http://forwardlateral.com/blog/2006/02/27/dont-go-there/


    5
    find . -not \( -name .svn -prune \)
    mbirk · 2009-05-20 19:45:24 0
  • With this command you can get a previous or future date or time. Where can you use this? How about finding all files modified or created in the last 5 mins? touch -t `echo $(date -d "5 minute ago" "+%G%m%d%H%M.%S")` me && find . -type f -newer me List all directories created since last week? touch -t `echo $(date -d "1 week ago" "+%G%m%d%H%M.%S")` me && find . -type d -cnewer me I'm sure you can think of more ways to use it. Requires coreutils package. Show Sample Output


    5
    date -d '1 day ago'; date -d '11 hour ago'; date -d '2 hour ago - 3 minute'; date -d '16 hour'
    LrdShaper · 2009-06-01 10:41:56 3

  • 5
    mysqldump -uUSERNAME -pPASSWORD database | gzip > /path/to/db/files/db-backup-`date +%Y-%m-%d`.sql.gz ;find /path/to/db/files/* -mtime +5 -exec rm {} \;
    nadavkav · 2009-10-28 19:49:39 1
  • The same as the other two alternatives, but now less forking! Instead of using '\;' to mark the end of an -exec command in GNU find, you can simply use '+' and it'll run the command only once with all the files as arguments. This has two benefits over the xargs version: it's easier to read and spaces in the filesnames work automatically (no -print0). [Oh, and there's one less fork, if you care about such things. But, then again, one is equal to zero for sufficiently large values of zero.] Show Sample Output


    5
    find . \( -iname '*.[ch]' -o -iname '*.php' -o -iname '*.pl' \) -exec wc -l {} + | sort -n
    hackerb9 · 2010-05-03 00:16:02 1
  • Cleans all files in /tmp that have been accessed at least 2 days ago.


    5
    find /tmp -type f -atime +1 -delete
    mattoufoutu · 2010-05-11 17:08:49 0
  • Some MP3s come with tags that don't work with all players. Also, some good tag editors like, EasyTAG output tags that don't work with all players. For example, EasyTAG saves the genre as a numeric field, which is not used correctly in Sansa MP3 players. This command corrects the ID3 tags in MP3 files using mid3iconv, which comes with mutagen. To install Mutagen on Fedora use "yum install python-mutagen" Show Sample Output


    5
    find -iname '*mp3' -exec mid3iconv {} \;
    schlaegel · 2010-10-29 05:35:46 1
  • -depth argument will cause find to do a "depth first" tree search, this will eliminate the "No such file or directory" error messages


    5
    find . -depth -name .svn -type d -exec rm -fr {} \;
    tebeka · 2010-12-16 17:16:23 1
  • This uses the ability of find (at least the one from GNU findutils that is shiped with most linux distros) to display change time as part of its output. No xargs needed.


    5
    find -printf "%[email protected] %p\n"|sort
    oivvio · 2013-06-19 10:42:49 2
  • Goes through all files in the directory specified, uses `stat` to print out last modification time, then sorts numerically in reverse, then uses cut to remove the modified epoch timestamp and finally head to only output the last 10 modified files. Note that on a Mac `stat` won't work like this, you'll need to use either: find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 stat -f '%m%t%Sm %12z %N' | sort -nr | cut -f2- | head or alternatively do a `brew install coreutils` and then replace `stat` with `gstat` in the original command. Show Sample Output


    5
    find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 stat -c'%Y :%y %12s %n' | sort -nr | cut -d: -f2- | head
    HerbCSO · 2013-08-03 09:53:46 2
  • This is a commodity one-liner that uses ShellCheck to assure some quality on bash and sh scripts under a specific directory. It ignores the files in .git directory. Just substitute "./.git/*" with "./.svn/*" for older and booring centralized version control. Just substitute ShellCheck with "rm" if your scripts are crap and you want to get rid of them :)


    5
    find . -type f ! -path "./.git/*" -exec sh -c "head -n 1 {} | egrep -a 'bin/bash|bin/sh' >/dev/null" \; -print -exec shellcheck {} \;
    brx75x · 2017-03-16 08:43:56 3
  • Have a grudge against someone on your network? Do a "find -writable" in their directory and see what you can vandalize! But seriously, this is really useful to check the files in your own home directory to make sure they can't inadvertently be changed by someone else's wayward script.


    4
    find -writable
    kFiddle · 2009-04-11 22:16:35 0
  • find largest file in /var


    4
    find /var -mount -ls -xdev | /usr/bin/sort -nr +6 | more
    mnikhil · 2009-05-16 10:53:55 2

  • 4
    count() { find [email protected] -type f -exec cat {} + | wc -l; }
    Keruspe · 2009-05-19 15:02:51 5
  •  < 1 2 3 4 >  Last ›

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

identify exported sonames in a path
This provides a list of shared object names (sonames) that are exported by a given tree. This is usually useful to make sure that a given required dependency (NEEDED entry) is present in a firmware image tree. The shorter (usable) version for it would be $ scanelf -RBSq -F "+S#f" But I used the verbose parameters in the command above, for explanation.

Open a file in a GTK+ dialog window
I use zenity because it's a rewrite of gdialog and also replaces gmessage and has more useful options. Using --text-info allows you to select and copy the text to your clipboard. To see a file in a list dialog: cat /etc/passwd | zenity --width 800 --height 600 --list --column Entries If you don't have zenity, you'll have to download it via apt-get install zenity, etc.

Stream the latest offering from your fave netcasts/podcasts
This is a quick line to stream in the latest offerings of your favorite netcasts/podcasts. You will need to have a file named netcast.txt in the directory you run this from. This file should have one and only one of your netcast's/podcst's url per line. When run the line grabs the offering on the top of the netcast/podcast stack and end it over , quietly, to vlc. Since I move around computers during the day I wanted an easy way to listen to my daily dose of news and such without having to worry about downloading to whatever machine I am on. This is just a quick grab and stream of whats current. Future plans... have the list of netcasts be read from the web. possibly an rss or such. I use greader so there might be a way to use it as the source so as not to have to muck with multiple lists

Install pip with Proxy
Installs pip packages defining a proxy

Get your external IP and Network Info
Gets all kind of info, ifconfig.me rocks ... for just the ip addess you can use ifconfig.me or ifconfig.me/ip

Exclude inserting a table from a sql import
Starting with a large MySQL dump file (*.sql) remove any lines that have inserts for the specified table. Sometimes one or two tables are very large and uneeded, eg. log tables. To exclude multiple tables you can get fancy with sed, or just run the command again on subsequently generated files.

Show all symlinks

Encode a string using ROT47
This command will encode a string using the ROT47 cipher.

Show numerical values for each of the 256 colors in bash
Same as http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/5876, but for bash. This will show a numerical value for each of the 256 colors in bash. Everything in the command is a bash builtin, so it should run on any platform where bash is installed. Prints one color per line. If someone is interested in formatting the output, paste the alternative.

Merge *.pdf files
Merge all pdf files in the directory into one pdf file (the out.pdf file)


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: