Commands tagged bash String Manipulations (5)

  • This type of join is clearly documented in the bash manual. Only the first character of IFS is used for the delimiter. Show Sample Output


    4
    (IFS=,; echo "${array[*]}")
    aspiers · 2013-09-25 10:36:38 0
  • When you have different digital cameras, different people, friends and you want to merge all those pictures together, then you get files with same names or files with 3 and 4 digit numbers etc. The result is a mess if you copy it together into one directory. But if you can add an offset to the picture number and set the number of leading zeros in the file name's number then you can manage. OFFS != 0 and LZ the same as the files currently have is not supported. Or left as an exercise, hoho ;) I love NF="${NF/#+(0)/}",it looks like a magic bash spell.


    2
    OFFS=30;LZ=6;FF=$(printf %%0%dd $LZ);for F in *.jpg;do NF="${F%.jpg}";NF="${NF/#+(0)/}";NF=$[NF+OFFS];NF="$(printf $FF $NF)".jpg;if [ "$F" != "$NF" ];then mv -iv "$F" "$NF";fi;done
    masterofdisaster · 2010-11-08 22:48:56 2
  • I like to label my grub boot options with the correct kernel version/build. After building and installing a new kernel with "make install" I had to edit my grub.conf by hand. To avoid this, I've decided to write this little command line to: 1. read the version/build part of the filename to which the kernel symlinks point 2. replace the first label lines of grub.conf grub.conf label lines must be in this format: Latest [{name}-{version/build}] Old [{name}-{version/build}] only the {version/build} part is substituted. For instance: title Latest [GNU/Linux-2.6.31-gentoo-r10.201003] would turn to title Latest [GNU/Linux-2.6.32-gentoo-r7.201004]"


    1
    LATEST=`readlink /boot/vmlinuz`; OLD=`readlink /boot/vmlinuz.old`; cat /boot/grub/grub.conf | sed -i -e 's/\(Latest \[[^-]*\).*\]/\1-'"${LATEST#*-}"]'/1' -e 's/\(Old \[[^-]*\).*\]/\1-'"${OLD#*-}"]'/1' /boot/grub/grub.conf
    algol · 2010-04-21 19:16:51 0
  • You define your variable MYVAR with the desired search pattern: MYVAR= ...which can then be searched with the find command. This is useful if you in a script, where you want the arguments to be fed into the find command. The provided search is case insensitive (-iname) and will find all files and directories with the pattern MYVAR (not exact matches). This may go without saying, but if you want exact matches remove the \* and if you want case sensitive, use the -name argument.


    0
    find . -iname \*${MYVAR}\* -print
    Buzzcp · 2010-08-04 05:43:51 0
  • Demos figlet/toilet fonts in a configurable dir. Show Sample Output


    0
    for i in ${TOILET_FONT_PATH:=/usr/share/figlet}/*.{t,f}lf; do j=${i##*/}; toilet -d "${i%/*}" -f "$j" "${j%.*}"; done
    trevorj · 2011-12-27 00:49:42 0

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Rsync two directories with filtered extensions

Clean way of re-running bash startup scripts.
This replaces the current bash session with a new bash session, run as an interactive non-login shell... useful if you have changed /etc/bash.bashrc, or ~/.bashrc If you have changed a startup script for login shells, use $ exec bash -l Suitable for re-running /etc/profile, ~/.bash_login and ~/.profile. edit: chinmaya points out that $ env - HOME=$HOME TERM=$TERM bash -s "exec bash -l" will clear any shell variables which have been set... since this verges on unwieldy, might want to use $ alias bash_restart='env - HOME=$HOME TERM=$TERM bash -s "exec bash -l"'

Display the size of all your home's directories
Display the size (human reading) of all the directories in your home path (~).

Find number of computers in domain, OU, etc .

Use vi commands to edit your command lines
If you spend all day editing in vi then switching your fingers to Emacs mode just for the command line can be difficult. Use set -o vi in your bash shell and enjoy the power of a real editor.

Blue Matrix
Same as original, but works in bash

check open ports without netstat or lsof

sqlite3 cmd to extract Firefox bookmarks from places.sqlite
Found this useful query at http://id.motd.org/pivot/entry.php?id=22. The b.parent=2 in the command refers to the bookmarks folder to extract. See the source webpage for additional info.

Tired of switching between proxy and no proxy? here's the solution.
Replace 10.0.0.0/8 with your largest local subnet. replace 10.1.1.123:3128 with your proxy information.. Note this only works with a proxy server configured for passive setup.. Now your firefox transparently proxy's stuff destined outside your network.. and Doesn't proxy stuff inside your network. as well as all your other favorite web applications. curl, wget, aria2 ect.

'hpc' in the shell - starts a maximum of n compute commands modulo n controlled in parallel, using make
this oneliner uses make and it's jobserver for parallel execution of your script. The '-j' flag for make defines number of subprocesses to launch, '-f' tells make use stdin instead of Makefile. Also make have neat flag '-l', which "Specifies that no new jobs (commands) should be started if there are others jobs running and the load is at least load (a floating-point number)." Also you can use plain Makefile, for better readability: targets = $(subst .png,.jpg,$(wildcard *.png)) $(targets): echo convert $(subst .jpg,.png,$@) $@ all : $(targets)


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