Commands tagged apt-get (28)

  • 0
    apt list --upgradable
    rschulze · 2018-03-06 17:45:01 0
  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output

    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 0

  • 2
    sudo apt-get purge $(dpkg -l linux-{image,headers}-"[0-9]*" | awk '/ii/{print $2}' | grep -ve "$(uname -r | sed -r 's/-[a-z]+//')")
    funkjedi · 2015-03-15 15:57:19 1
  • # AllInOne: Update what packages are available, upgrade to new versions, remove unneeded packages # (some are no longer needed, replaced by the ones from ap upgrade), check for dependencies # and clean local cached packages (saved on disk but not installed?,some are needed? [this only cleans unneeded unlike ap clean]). # aliases (copy into ~/.bashrc file): alias a='alias' a ap='apt-get' a r='ap autoremove -y' a up='ap update' a u='up && ap upgrade -y --show-progress && r && ap check && ap autoclean' # && means "and run if the previous succeeded", you can change it to ; to "run even if previous failed". I'm not sure if ap check should be before or after ap upgrade -y, you can also change the alias names. # To expand aliases in bash use ctrl alt e or see this # For more useful aliases go to

    apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade -y --show-progress && apt-get autoremove -y && apt-get check && apt-get autoclean -y
    unixmonkey78577 · 2014-07-26 12:18:57 0
  • Install all build dependencies for a given package Show Sample Output

    sudo apt-get build-dep rhythmbox
    darlanalves · 2013-10-07 23:13:19 0
  • You need to install "sshpass" for this to work. apt-get install sshpass

    sshpass -p "YOUR_PASSWORD" ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no YOUR_USERNAME@SOME_SITE.COM
    o0110o · 2013-05-24 14:33:38 3
  • Usefull if you only want to see the package names, or if you want to use them in a script.

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/Inst.+/ {print $2}'
    lpanebr · 2013-03-25 21:23:11 0
  • Remove old kernels (*-generic and *-generic-pae) via apt-get on debian/ubuntu based systems. Tested on ubuntu 10.04 - 12.04.

    sudo apt-get remove $(dpkg -l|awk '/^ii linux-image-/{print $2}'|sed 's/linux-image-//'|awk -v v=`uname -r` 'v>$0'|sed 's/-generic*//'|awk '{printf("linux-headers-%s\nlinux-headers-%s-generic*\nlinux-image-%s-generic*\n",$0,$0,$0)}')
    mtron · 2012-08-15 10:02:12 1
  • This will extract all the apt-get install commands issued on the box, even if they are in the gzipped history files. Show Sample Output

    zgrep --color=always 'get install' /var/log/apt/history.log*
    saherr1969 · 2012-04-18 00:06:14 0
  • This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system. Show Sample Output

    apt-get -s upgrade | awk '/[0-9]+ upgraded,/ {print $1 " package updates are available"}'
    lpanebr · 2012-03-29 17:04:32 0
  • (also works on Ubuntu) Copies the 'install,' 'hold,' 'deinstall' and 'purge' states of packages on the remote machine to be matched on the local machine. Note: if packages were installed on the local machine that were never installed on the remote machine, they will not be deinstalled by this operation.

    ssh remotehost 'dpkg --get-selections' | dpkg --set-selections && dselect install
    Mozai · 2011-05-12 17:26:43 0

  • 12
    apt-get install `ssh root@host_you_want_to_clone "dpkg -l | grep ii" | awk '{print $2}'`
    TuxOtaku · 2011-05-10 13:33:51 3
  • This alias is quicker to type than 'sudo apt-get install', and it automatically says yes to the prompt that shows up sometimes.

    alias sagi="yes | sudo apt-get install"
    theepicsnail · 2011-03-06 03:45:47 1
  • Trickle is here: Trickle is a simple bandwidth limiter

    trickle sudo apt-get update -y
    mrman · 2011-02-15 02:05:37 0
  • in Debian-based systems apt-get could be limited to the specified bandwidth in kilobytes using the apt configuration options(man 5 apt.conf, man apt-get). I'd quote man 5 apt.conf: "The used bandwidth can be limited with Acquire::http::Dl-Limit which accepts integer values in kilobyte. The default value is 0 which deactivates the limit and tries uses as much as possible of the bandwidth..." "HTTPS URIs. Cache-control, Timeout, AllowRedirect, Dl-Limit and proxy options are the same as for http..."

    sudo apt-get -o Acquire::http::Dl-Limit=20 -o Acquire::https::Dl-Limit=20 upgrade -y
    ruslan · 2011-02-14 05:24:49 0

  • -3
    apt-get remove `deborphan`
    ironmarc · 2010-11-15 15:15:39 0
  • on a dpkg managed system this PATTERN will help you generate .deb files from source AND remove all the dev libs you had to install. i hate cluttering up my machine with rouge packages and headers. it would be pretty darn easy on rpm systems as well. i just dont have a rpm managed system to test on right now. NOTE, you sharp ones will notice that it uninstalls the deb you just made! yeah, but the deb is still there to do with it what you want, like re install it. or you can just grep -v after the diff

    dpkg-query -l > 1.lst; sudo apt-get install -y build-essential; ./configure; make; sudo checkinstall -D make install; dpkg-query --list > 2.lst; diff 1.lst 2.lst | grep '^>' | awk '{print $3}' | xargs sudo apt-get remove -y --purge
    danlangford · 2010-06-16 22:06:07 1
  • This will remove all installed kernels on your debian based install, except the one you're currently using. From:

    dpkg -l 'linux-*' | sed '/^ii/!d;/'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d;s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/;/[0-9]/!d' | xargs sudo apt-get -y purge
    mitzip · 2010-06-10 20:33:32 0
  • Change the APP variable's value to whatever you want to install. Depending on how fast your machine is, you'll want to adjust the value 50 to something else. You might also want to play a different game than Gnometris - just make sure it's a GUI game.

    APP=wine; if [ $(sudo apt-get --print-uris -y install $APP | sed -ne 's/^After this operation, \([0-9]\{1,\}\).*MB.*/\1/p') -gt 50 ]; then gnometris 2>/dev/null & sudo apt-get install $APP; else sudo apt-get install $APP; fi
    rkulla · 2010-04-18 19:32:26 0
  • Limits the usage of bandwidth by apt-get, in the example the command will use 30Kb/s ;) It should work for most apt-get actions (install, update, upgrade, dist-upgrade, etc.)

    sudo apt-get -o Acquire::http::Dl-Limit=30 upgrade
    alemani · 2010-03-22 01:29:44 1

  • 3
    apt-get --just-print upgrade
    noqqe · 2010-02-18 11:19:05 5
  • The legend in the first column: i = installed p = installable Show Sample Output

    aptitude search NAME
    CafeNinja · 2009-11-10 11:23:18 0

  • 4
    apt-cache stats
    0disse0 · 2009-09-03 19:29:17 0
  • apt-get is pretty aggressive when it downloads, potentially hogging the bandwidth of your network. The 25 is in KB, change this to your needs.

    sudo apt-get -o Acquire::http::Dl-Limit=25 install <package>
    dunnix · 2009-07-31 19:43:45 2
  • will purge: only installed apps: /^ii/!d avoiding current kernel stuff: /'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d using app names: s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/ avoiding stuff without a version number: /[0-9]/!d

    dpkg -l 'linux-*' | sed '/^ii/!d;/'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d;s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/;/[0-9]/!d' | xargs sudo apt-get -y purge
    plasticdoc · 2009-06-19 10:11:00 0
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