Commands tagged xargs (125)

  • Use if you have pictures all over the place and you want to copy them to a central location Synopsis: Find jpg files translate all file names to lowercase backup existing, don't overwrite, preserve mode ownership and timestamps copy to a central location


    4
    find . -iname "*.jpg" -print0 | tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]' | xargs -0 cp --backup=numbered -dp -u --target-directory {location} &
    oracular · 2009-12-10 08:47:04 0

  • 4
    awk '{print $1}' "/proc/modules" | xargs modinfo | awk '/^(filename|desc|depends)/'
    unixmonkey7109 · 2009-11-20 13:06:25 0
  • I modify 4077 and marssi commandline to simplify it and skip an error when parsing the first line of lsmod (4077). Also, it's more concise and small now. I skip using xargs ( not required here ). This is only for GNU sed. For thoses without GNU sed, use that : modinfo $(lsmod | awk 'NR>1 {print $1}') | sed -e '/^dep/s/$/\n/g' -e '/^file/b' -e '/^desc/b' -e '/^dep/b' -e d


    6
    modinfo $(cut -d' ' -f1 /proc/modules) | sed '/^dep/s/$/\n/; /^file\|^desc\|^dep/!d'
    sputnick · 2009-11-18 23:40:46 1
  • Liked command 4077 so I improved it, by doing all text manipulation with sed. "Run this as root, it will be helpful to quickly get information about the loaded kernel modules." THX mohan43u Show Sample Output


    1
    lsmod | sed -e '1d' -e 's/\(\([^ ]*\) \)\{1\}.*/\2/' | xargs modinfo | sed -e '/^dep/s/$/\n/g' -e '/^file/b' -e '/^desc/b' -e '/^dep/b' -e d
    marssi · 2009-11-17 22:51:08 0
  • Run this as root, it will be helpful to quickly get information about the loaded kernel modules. Show Sample Output


    2
    lsmod | cut -d' ' -f1 | xargs modinfo | egrep '^file|^desc|^dep' | sed -e'/^dep/s/$/\n/g'
    mohan43u · 2009-11-17 02:13:34 0
  • With this form you dont need to cut out target directory using grep/sed/etc.


    4
    (ls; mkdir subdir; echo subdir) | xargs mv
    mechmind · 2009-11-08 11:40:55 5
  • Nice command to create a list, you can create too with for command, but this is so faster. Show Sample Output


    0
    seq 10 |xargs -n1 echo Printing line
    Waldirio · 2009-10-15 11:05:35 0
  • I needed a way to search all files in a web directory that contained a certain string, and replace that string with another string. In the example, I am searching for "askapache" and replacing that string with "htaccess". I wanted this to happen as a cron job, and it was important that this happened as fast as possible while at the same time not hogging the CPU since the machine is a server. So this script uses the nice command to run the sh shell with the command, which makes the whole thing run with priority 19, meaning it won't hog CPU processing. And the -P5 option to the xargs command means it will run 5 separate grep and sed processes simultaneously, so this is much much faster than running a single grep or sed. You may want to do -P0 which is unlimited if you aren't worried about too many processes or if you don't have to deal with process killers in the bg. Also, the -m1 command to grep means stop grepping this file for matches after the first match, which also saves time. Show Sample Output


    10
    sh -c 'S=askapache R=htaccess; find . -mount -type f|xargs -P5 -iFF grep -l -m1 "$S" FF|xargs -P5 -iFF sed -i -e "s%${S}%${R}%g" FF'
    AskApache · 2009-10-02 05:03:10 0

  • 3
    find . -name "*.txt" -exec sed -i "s/old/new/" {} \;
    tyboon · 2009-09-24 20:30:00 2

  • 0
    find . -name "*.txt" | xargs sed -i "s/old/new/"
    noblejasper · 2009-09-24 15:02:31 0
  • This pipeline will find, sort and display all files based on mtime. This could be done with find | xargs, but the find | xargs pipeline will not produce correct results if the results of find are greater than xargs command line buffer. If the xargs buffer fills, xargs processes the find results in more than one batch which is not compatible with sorting. Note the "-print0" on find and "-0" switch for perl. This is the equivalent of using xargs. Don't you love perl? Note that this pipeline can be easily modified to any data produced by perl's stat operator. eg, you could sort on size, hard links, creation time, etc. Look at stat and just change the '9' to what you want. Changing the '9' to a '7' for example will sort by file size. A '3' sorts by number of links.... Use head and tail at the end of the pipeline to get oldest files or most recent. Use awk or perl -wnla for further processing. Since there is a tab between the two fields, it is very easy to process. Show Sample Output


    3
    find $HOME -type f -print0 | perl -0 -wn -e '@f=<>; foreach $file (@f){ (@el)=(stat($file)); push @el, $file; push @files,[ @el ];} @o=sort{$a->[9]<=>$b->[9]} @files; for $i (0..$#o){print scalar localtime($o[$i][9]), "\t$o[$i][-1]\n";}'|tail
    drewk · 2009-09-21 22:11:16 4
  • A little bit smaller, faster and should handle files with special characters in the name.


    1
    find . -maxdepth 1 ! -name '.' -execdir du -0 -s {} + | sort -znr | gawk 'BEGIN{ORS=RS="\0";} {sub($1 "\t", ""); print $0;}' | xargs -0 du -hs
    ashawley · 2009-09-11 16:07:39 2
  • Based on the MrMerry one, just add some visuals and sort directory and files


    2
    find . -maxdepth 1 -type d|xargs du -a --max-depth=0|sort -rn|cut -d/ -f2|sed '1d'|while read i;do echo "$(du -h --max-depth=0 "$i")/";done;find . -maxdepth 1 -type f|xargs du -a|sort -rn|cut -d/ -f2|sed '$d'|while read i;do du -h "$i";done
    nickwe · 2009-09-03 20:33:21 1
  • use the locate command to find files on the system and verify they exist (-e) then display each one in full details. Show Sample Output


    1
    locate -e somefile | xargs ls -l
    nadavkav · 2009-08-23 13:16:59 0

  • 3
    find . -name "*.[ch]" | xargs grep "TODO"
    freestyler · 2009-08-12 16:53:01 2
  • xargs -P N spawns up to N worker processes. -n 40 means each grep command gets up to 40 file names each on the command line.


    4
    find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 -P 4 -n 40 grep -i foobar
    ketil · 2009-08-05 23:18:44 4
  • By putting the "-not \( -name .svn -prune \)" in the very front of the "find" command, you eliminate the .svn directories in your find command itself. No need to grep them out. You can even create an alias for this command: alias svn_find="find . -not \( -name .svn -prune \)" Now you can do things like svn_find -mtime -3


    8
    find . -not \( -name .svn -prune \) -type f -print0 | xargs --null grep <searchTerm>
    qazwart · 2009-07-08 20:08:05 4
  • will purge: only installed apps: /^ii/!d avoiding current kernel stuff: /'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d using app names: s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/ avoiding stuff without a version number: /[0-9]/!d


    7
    dpkg -l 'linux-*' | sed '/^ii/!d;/'"$(uname -r | sed "s/\(.*\)-\([^0-9]\+\)/\1/")"'/d;s/^[^ ]* [^ ]* \([^ ]*\).*/\1/;/[0-9]/!d' | xargs sudo apt-get -y purge
    plasticdoc · 2009-06-19 10:11:00 0
  • In the example, uid 0 is root. foo:foo are the user:group you want to make owner and group. '.' is the "current directory and below." -print0 and -0 indicate that filenames and directories "are terminated by a null character instead of by whitespace."


    1
    find . -uid 0 -print0 | xargs -0 chown foo:foo
    abcde · 2009-05-27 19:52:13 1
  • This will, for an application that has already been removed but had its configuration left behind, purge that configuration from the system. To test it out first, you can remove the last -y, and it will show you what it will purge without actually doing it. I mean it never hurts to check first, "just in case." ;)


    -3
    dpkg-query -l| grep -v "ii " | grep "rc " | awk '{print $2" "}' | tr -d "\n" | xargs aptitude purge -y
    thepicard · 2009-04-28 19:25:53 3
  • If you're like me and want to keep all your music rated, and you use xmms2, you might like this command. I takes 10 random songs from your xmms2 library that don't have any rating, and adds them to your current playlist. You can then rate them in another xmms2 client that supports rating (I like kuechenstation). I'm pretty sure there's a better way to do the grep ... | sed ... part, probably with awk, but I don't know awk, so I'd welcome any suggestions. Show Sample Output


    3
    xmms2 mlib search NOT +rating | grep -r '^[0-9]' | sed -r 's/^([0-9]+).*/\1/' | sort -R | head | xargs -L 1 xmms2 addid
    goodevilgenius · 2009-04-16 20:27:30 4
  • Lists the local files that are not present in the remote repository (lines beginning with ?) and add them. Show Sample Output


    1
    svn status | grep '^?' | awk '{ print $2; }' | xargs svn add
    unixmonkey4200 · 2009-04-10 21:55:37 2
  • By time thumbnail images in ~/thumbnails take up too much space, this command will help deleting old ones. Find options explained: -type f : find files only, not directories -atime +30 : last accessed more than 30 days ago


    1
    find ~/.thumbnails/ -type f -atime +30 -print0 | xargs -0 rm
    alperyilmaz · 2009-03-30 04:23:07 5
  • Can be used for other commands as well, replace rm with ls. It is easy to make this shorter but if the filenames involved have spaces, you will need to do use find's "-print0" option in conjunction with xargs's "-0" option. Otherwise the shell that xargs uses to execute the "rm" command line will treat the space as a token separator, thereby treating the name as two (or more) names. Show Sample Output


    1
    find . -name 'junkfiles-*' -print0 | xargs -0 rm
    kancer · 2009-03-26 15:38:42 2
  • Run this in the directory you store your music in. mp3gain and vorbisgain applies the ReplayGain normalization routine to mp3 and ogg files (respectively) in a reversible way. ReplayGain uses psychoacoustic analysis to make all files sound about the same loudness, so you don't get knocked out of your chair by loud songs after cranking up the volume on quieter ones.


    9
    find . -iname \*.mp3 -print0 | xargs -0 mp3gain -krd 6 && vorbisgain -rfs .
    Viaken · 2009-03-09 18:11:35 2
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