Commands tagged environment (13)

  • Print environment (system) information using Perl.


    3
    perl -e 'print map { $_ .= "$ENV{$_}\n" } (keys %ENV)'
    MarxBro · 2012-10-13 23:38:28 0
  • This uses some tricks I found while reading the bash man page to enumerate and display all the current environment variables, including those not listed by the 'env' command which according to the bash docs are more for internal use by BASH. The main trick is the way bash will list all environment variable names when performing expansion on ${!A*}. Then the eval builtin makes it work in a loop. I created a function for this and use it instead of env. (by aliasing env). This is the function that given any parameters lists the variables that start with it. So 'aae B' would list all env variables starting wit B. And 'aae {A..Z} {a..z}' would list all variables starting with any letter of the alphabet. And 'aae TERM' would list all variables starting with TERM. aae(){ local __a __i __z;for __a in "[email protected]";do __z=\${!${__a}*};for __i in `eval echo "${__z}"`;do echo -e "$__i: ${!__i}";done;done; } And my printenv replacement is: alias env='aae {A..Z} {a..z} "_"|sort|cat -v 2>&1 | sed "s/\\^\\[/\\\\033/g"' From: http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    2
    for _a in {A..Z} {a..z};do _z=\${!${_a}*};for _i in `eval echo "${_z}"`;do echo -e "$_i: ${!_i}";done;done|cat -Tsv
    AskApache · 2010-10-27 07:16:54 0
  • Grabs the cmdline used to execute the process, and the environment that the process is being run under. This is much different than the 'env' command, which only lists the environment for the shell. This is very useful (to me at least) to debug various processes on my server. For example, this lets me see the environment that my apache, mysqld, bind, and other server processes have. Here's a function I use: aa_ps_all () { ( cd /proc && command ps -A -opid= | xargs -I'{}' sh -c 'test $PPID -ne {}&&test -r {}/cmdline&&echo -e "\n[{}]"&&tr -s "\000" " "<{}/cmdline&&echo&&tr -s "\000\033" "\nE"<{}/environ|sort&&cat {}/limits' ); } From my .bash_profile at http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    1
    cd /proc&&ps a -opid=|xargs -I+ sh -c '[[ $PPID -ne + ]]&&echo -e "\n[+]"&&tr -s "\000" " "<+/cmdline&&echo&&tr -s "\000\033" "\nE"<+/environ|sort'
    AskApache · 2010-10-22 02:34:33 3
  • Same as previous but compatible with BSD/IPSO


    1
    ps ewwo command PID | tr ' ' '\n' | grep \=
    egreSS · 2011-09-15 12:07:46 0
  • Normally the bash builtin command 'set' displays all vars and functions. This just shows the vars. Useful if you want to see different output then env or declare or export. Alias 'sete' shows sets variables alias sete='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/q;p"' Alias setf shows the functions. alias setf='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/,\$p"' Also see: http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/6899/print-all-environment-variables-including-hidden-ones At the very least, some cool sed commands! From my .bash_profile http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    0
    alias sete='set|sed -n "/^`declare -F|sed -n "s/^declare -f \(.*\)/\1 ()/p;q"`/q;p"'
    AskApache · 2010-11-17 23:58:01 4
  • Python virtual environment creation.


    0
    $sudo aptitude install python-virtualenv; virtualenv --no-site-packages jpaenv; source jpaenv/bin/activate
    moulip · 2011-04-21 08:28:18 0
  • This exports all lines of input file as environment variables, assuming each line is like these: OH=YEAH FU=UUUU


    0
    while read line; do export $line; done < <(cat input)
    dario · 2013-03-15 08:14:04 0
  • Sometimes there are just no variables such as $DESKTOP_SESSION, $GDMSESSION, or $WINDOWMANAGER. Show Sample Output


    0
    ls -l /usr/share/xsessions/
    puresky · 2014-01-17 05:09:18 0
  • Normally executing 'set' returns a vast amount of information, including the source code of every function and variable within the environment - including those that are part of the shell. By using the -o posix argument, bash runs temporarily in POSIX mode for this command, which simplifies expressions and leaves out the shell's own functions and definitions - leaving a much smaller, more useful list. Show Sample Output


    0
    alias allvars=' ( set -o posix; set ) | less'
    incidentnormal · 2016-03-04 14:04:45 0

  • 0
    eval "unset $(printenv | grep -ioP '(?:https?|no)_proxy' | tr '\n' ' ')"
    acavagni · 2019-06-28 10:40:41 0
  • This function is used to set environmental variables from a list of alternatives depending on what's installed on the system. It returns the first program found in the list. Example usage: export BROWSER=$(find_alternatives chromium-browser google-chrome opera firefox firefox-bin iceweasel konqueror w3m lynx) . export EDITOR=$(find_alternatives vim nano pico emacs kate) . export PAGER=$(find_alternatives vimpager less most more pg)


    -1
    find_alternatives(){ for i;do which "$i" >/dev/null && { echo "$i"; return 0;};done;return 1;}
    eightmillion · 2011-01-06 19:53:46 0

  • -1
    printenv
    tatwright · 2012-10-14 17:47:18 0

  • -1
    perl -e 'print "$_=$ENV{$_}\n" for keys %ENV'
    sgikas · 2012-11-12 13:14:28 0

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List all active access_logs for currently running Apache or Lighttpd process
Ever logged into a *nix box and needed to know which webserver is running and where all the current access_log files are? Run this one liner to find out. Works for Apache or Lighttpd as long as CustomLog name is somewhat standard. HINT: works great as input into for loop, like this: $ for i in `lsof -p $(netstat -ltpn|awk '$4 ~ /:80$/ {print substr($7,1,index($7,"/")-1)}')| awk '$9 ~ /access.log$/ {print $9| "sort -u"}'` ; do echo $i; done Very useful for triage on unfamiliar servers!

rsync with progress bar.
transfer files from localhost to a remotehost.

Gets the english pronunciation of a phrase
Usage examples: say hello say "hello world" say hello+world

pdfcount: get number of pages in a PDF file

Top 10 Memory Processes (reduced output to applications and %usage only)
Top 10 Memory Processes (reduced output to applications and %usage only)

Change user, assume environment, stay in current dir
I've used this a number of times troubleshooting user permissions. Instead of just 'su - user' you can throw another hyphen and stay in the original directory.

take execution time of several commands
The last ; is important. example: time { rm -rf /folder/bar && mkdir -p /folder/bar ; echo "done" ; } command is a bash builtin

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

List all Windows services on the command line
On Windows 2000 or later, this command will give a listing of all the registered Windows services. You can then know what the name of a command is in order to start and stop it. e.g. $ sc start Apache2.2 or $ net start Apache2.2 Please note that sc will allow the SERVICE_NAME only, while net will allow both SERVICE_NAME and DISPLAY_NAME. Note that the space between the = and the next word are important. Not very unixy, that. http://www.ss64.com/nt/sc.html http://www.ss64.com/nt/net_service.html http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb490995.aspx


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